NKN

탈중앙화 인터넷을 위한 P2P 네트워크 프로토콜

home link https://nkn.org/

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개방적인 네트워킹 인프라를 통해 개발자들이 분산형 인터넷을 구축하여 사람들에게 안전하게 접근 가능한 연결을 제공합니다.

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Yanbo Li

Founder & Strategy & System Architecture

Bruce Li

Co-Founder & Strategy & Operations

Dr. Yilun Zhang

Co-Founder & Core Researcher & Developer

Allen Dixon

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Medium

Web 3.0 Example: filecoin

Filecoin miningFilecoin in 100 wordsFilecoin’s mission is “to create a decentralized, efficient, and robust foundation for humanity’s information.” Dubbed a paid version of ipfs, it creates a free market to bridge between storage users and crowd sourced storage providers. Filecoin (FIL) is a utility token that enables mining as well as paying for storage services. Filecoin aims to compete with centralized storage services like Amazon AWS, as well as other blockchain projects like storj and sia. Filecoin mainnet went live on October 15th, 2020 and FIL is listed on most major exchanges.What is web 3.0 storageFilecoin is a prime example of Web 3.0, focusing on decentralized storage as one of the three pillars of Internet infrastructure. Web 1.0 and 2.0 storage are dominated by large cloud providers such Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google Cloud Platform (GCP), Microsoft Azure, Oracle cloud, Baidu, and Tencent.Problems filecoin addressesIn contrast, Filecoin and web 3.0 storage has the following characteristics and advantages:Decentralized and crowdsourced: anyone with extra storage can provide storage services to others. As one study finds, there are lots of idle and underutilized storage in the world, so web 3.0 storage will make effective use of them.Token incentives: Web 3.0 storage typically used a utility token to facilitate the exchange of storage services. There are a few benefits: the lack of centrally controlled corporation means less “platform tax” and better pricing for both buyers and sellers; payment settlement can be instantaneous and verifiable; a smart contract can enable flexible and fluid pricing.Proof of storage: since there is no centralized authority to ensure the client’s data are actually stored without tampering or cheating, it is critical to have an advanced consensus algorithm to enable everyone in the ecosystem the ability to verify the storage of client’s data. This is where math and algorithms replace trusted authority, and is crucial to the success or failure of a particular web 3.0 storage project.Indexing and search of data: since all the data are distributed among many crowd sourced servers and there is no single centralized server to index all the data, web 3.0 storage solutions typically have a distributed indexing and search functionality. In filecoin and ipfs, there is also content based addressing which is not dependent on where the content is stored.Data upload and retrieval: it is not enough just to store the data, fast and efficient upload and retrieval are equally important for commercial grade storage services. In Web 3.0 storage systems, there are typically Content Delivery Network types of services to accelerate the uploading and downloading of data.A brief history: from ipfs to filecoinMost people learned about filecoin because of ipfs, or Interplanetary File System. Therefore it is useful to understand ipfs a little bit as one of the foundations of filecoin. Ipfs uses content addressing and p2p network to store files in a decentralized manner. It was launched as alpha in 2015, and quickly became popular among tech enthusiasts. One notable use case is creating a limited and immutable mirror for wikipedia. It is true p2p in the sense that users will host the content for free and in kind, which could be somewhat limiting since we quickly run out of good samaritan who donate storage space for the good of mankind.Ipfs mirrored version of wikipediaThen enter the filecoin, which is dubbed a “paid version of ipfs”. The key new ingredients that filecoin added to the ipfs are token incentive and two-sided market, so the web 3.0 storage solution can move beyond enthusiast to real enterprise adoption. Filecoin’s ICO in 2017, available only to accredited investors, raised over 257 million dollars and set a new record at the time. There is tremendous interest in a major alternative to web 1.0 and 2.0 storage solutions, which is built by a strong developer team with ipfs credibility and backed by top tier VCs.Fast forward to 2020. After three years of development and several delays, Filecoin launched mainnet on October 15th, 2020. As of this writing, Filecoin token (FIL) is listed on coinbase, Gemini, Kraken, Binance, Huobi, and many other exchanges.Use cases and applicationsFilecoin brings along a large number of 3rd party applications from ipfs, as illustrated in the following diagram.IPFS ecosystemIn addition, there are some early use cases that leverage filecoin:Securely distributing large data sets onto thousands of computersStoring all of web 3.0’s dataVideo publishing as alternative to YouTube or VimeoSocial networking, gaming, and AR/VR data storageStoring developer assets such as container and virtual machines imagesIt is still early days of filecoin, and we expect to see more innovative dApps to be built on top of filecoin and ipfs in the coming months.TechnologyFilecoin is a more complex system than ipfs. Proof of Storage, is at the heart of filecoin and sets it apart from other web 3.0 storage projects. It is a variation of the Proof of Space algorithms, while adding security and efficiency enhancements. Even tuning the parameters for the algorithms is so demanding that the filecoin team has to build new computational tools to automate the process.Proof of Storage in filecoinAccording to filecoin’s founder Juan Benet:“I think no other network is using Proof of Replication, it’s an advantage we have that we created that field. So that’s one differentiating factor. We are also the only one with this fluid market structure that is meant to be optimized based on an ask and bid structure where miners and clients are able to reason about prices together and then form deals out of that. I think we are also the only ones doing consensus backed by useful storage. With other networks it may be a consensus backed by a Proof of Space, but in our case it’s useful. Those are the three biggest differentiating factors of Filecoin.”For a more in-depth description of filecoin’s Proof of Storage technology, you can read in the blog “What Sets us Apart: Filecoin’s Proof System” as well as watching the Zero Knowledge podcast episode 106 “IPFS, Libp2p & Filecoin with Juan Benet”.Business modelFilecoin’s business model is similar to other sharing economies (or gig economies) such as Uber or Airbnb, it creates a free market to bridge the consumers and providers of storage. The main difference is that this market is shared and owned by the filecoin community, instead of one single corporate entity. Protocol Labs, the developers who built the filecoin protocol, is just one of the several stakeholders in the filecoin market.Filecoin enables free market for storageAnd the filecoin token is utilized to facilitate the exchange of services, among several stakeholders in the ecosystem such as miners, clients, developers, and token holders. It is minable through useful work, by proving that they are storing a unique copy of the client’s data.Stakeholders and interactions within filecoin ecosystemEcosystem strengthFilecoin has a very strong ecosystem, in part due to its popularity carried over from ipfs, libp2p and other successful projects. It attracted a sizable and vibrant developer community and 3rd party companies to work on and extend its ecosystem.Filecoin also attracted a large number of miners, since its early testnet days. Many who missed the early bitcoin mining fortune, consider filecoin the next potential gold mine. On the eve of filecoin mainnet launch (October 14th, 2020), the miners have already amassed a respectable 561 PiB of storage on its testnet.ipfs mining communityTrends and futureFilecoin interworking with other web 3.0 projectsWith the launch of mainnet on October 15th, 2020, filecoin’s journey towards a widely adopted web 3.0 storage solution just gets started. In addition to many enhancements to the protocol itself and further expanding the available storage space to exabytes of data, Filecoin intends to build bridges and standards to interwork with other blockchain projects.Together with Compute (Ethereum, Polkadot) and Networking (NKN, Helium), Storage solutions like filecoin will forge the infrastructure foundation of Web 3.0 to create a decentralized, efficient, and robust foundation for humanity’s information.AcknowledgmentThe NKN editorial team thanks filecoin and ipfs team, and especially Colin Evran and Molly Mackinley, for supplying some of the material used in this blog post. You can watch an excellent video presentation of ipfs from NKN hosted “Web 3.0 Tech Talk: the power of offchain”:Web 3.0 presentations:https://blog.nkn.org/web-3-0-tech-talk-the-power-of-offchain-videos-available-on-youtube/For further readinghttps://www.coinbureau.com/review/filecoin-fil/https://blog.coinlist.co/filecoin-why-its-a-big-deal/Web 3.0 Example: filecoin was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 10. 15

NKN Bi-weekly Report Septem...

HighlightsnConnect key use case: NAS remote accessnMobile progress: Cross platform notification on iOS and AndroidNKN mainnet v.2.0.5 releaseMarketing plans: updating NKN Introduction presentation and official websiteCollaboration with nCDN customers (e.g. iQIYI) in good progressMainnet technical development updatesLatest Mainnet Stats October 10, 2020:💻 27,763 full consensus nodes🏭 144 ISPs or cloud providers🌐 33 countries & regionsThe latest stable release for mainnet is v2.0.5(https://github.com/nknorg/nkn/releases )nConnect key use case:NAS remote accessFinding a way to securely access data and services from anywhere is probably the biggest challenge that Internet users face today. While tablet devices have limited storage and cloud services require all your data into the cloud, NKN offers a conventional solution: nConnect, which ensures users have the power to take their data and applications anywhere they want to while keeping them nice and safe.NKN’s nConnect is currently working with top tier NAS vendors in this space, and we’ve already got fantastic testing results for this specific user case.More details on nConnect and its benefits can be found in the following blog post:https://blog.nkn.org/nconnect-for-nas-secure-remote-access-to-files-and-apps/nMobile progress: Cross platform notification on iOS and AndroidNKN team is always determined to offer the most trusted chat app which eradicates the roots of security hacks and privacy issues of popular chatting applications by removing all centralized servers and runs only on NKN’s dataRide platform.One of the key challenges of decentralized messaging applications is notification, which needs to use centralized servers and adapt to different mobile operating systems. However, real time notification is essential for great user experience. Therefore, the NKN team is now implementing the cross-platform notification service of nMobile on both Android and iOS. Stay tuned for next nMobile releases.Download and try nMobile today!Apple App Store: https://apps.apple.com/us/app/nmobile/id1499487381Google Play Store: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.nkn.mobile.appProduct demo video: https://youtu.be/bDh7CUvnqW0Bug report and feature suggestions: https://forum.nkn.org/t/nmobile-1-0-community-feedback/2344NKN mainnet v.2.0.5 releaseWe released a new mainnet version v.2.0.5 at https://github.com/nknorg/nkn/releases on September 28th. This upgraded version includes automatic TLS certificate application/renewal, improves consensus robustness, reduces memory/disk usage during block syncing and of course also with a few bugs fixed. Please read through our release note posted on NKN forum https://forum.nkn.org/t/nkn-mainnet-v2-0-5-release/2439 to get more information about important changes and upgrade methods of Mainnet v.2.0.5.Marketing Plans: Updating NKN Introduction presentation and official websiteAs some of you might have already noticed, we’ve been updating our official site in small increments since the mid of 2020. Now that we’ve completed our goals in the previous roadmaps, NKN is entering into a new phase and we’d like to present ourselves to the world better with a more approachable technology explanation and a more polished website. Our team is currently working on updating the introduction presentation, which will be available on our website soon. After that, we will use the new material as well as new visual designs to rebuild our official website in the coming months!About NKNHome: https://nkn.org/Email: contact@nkn.orgTelegram: https://t.me/nknorgTwitter: https://twitter.com/NKN_ORGBlog: https://blog.nkn.orgForum: https://forum.nkn.orgMedium: https://medium.com/nknetworkLinkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/nknetwork/Github: https://github.com/nknorgDiscord: https://discord.gg/yVCWmkCYouTube: http://www.youtube.com/c/NKNORGNKN Bi-weekly Report September 16–30, 2020 was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 10. 13

nConnect for NAS: secure re...

A NKN case studyOne of the biggest challenges for enterprise and home internet users is being able to securely access your data and services from anywhere. Your phone, tablet, and laptop have limited storage; while cloud services such as Google Drive or Microsoft OneDrive force you to upload all your data to the cloud. This not only is tedious and time consuming but also creates a target for hackers looking for your sensitive data. NKN has a solution that allows you to keep your data on your own home or enterprise network and safe from predators, while still being able to access it from any remote location. We call it nConnect.One of the first use cases for nConnect is remotely accessing files and apps in NAS (Network Attached Storage, commonly known as network disks), and we are working with top tier NAS vendors in this space. They love the unique combination of security, speed, and affordability provided by NKN’s nConnect solution.Key BenefitsSecure Access from Anywhere — Access your files and apps from anywhere even if your home/office servers and devices (such as NAS) is behind a router/gateway/firewall with no public IP address or open ports, by using NKN’s unique NKN addressing and global meshed network architectureHigh speed and low latency — as a premium paid service, you can choose the highest quality nConnect tunneling servers for high speed and low latency. For example, file transfer using nConnect aggregate multiple concurrent paths and could be significantly faster than cloud file systems like Dropbox or Google Drive.Reliable — NKN’s network of up to 30,000 servers in more than 40 countries ensures there are always several high quality nConnect tunneling nodes available.One Connection — Access all the files and apps on your home/office servers and devices from one connectionEasy integration: no need to use 3rd party SDK to rewrite all your apps. If your app works on your local private network, it will work over nConnect without any additional configurations.Solution OverviewIn this case study, we will focus on NAS (Network Attached Storage) as the leading use case where we have garnered the most commercial traction so far.nConnect is a distributed service hosted on NKN’s global network that creates an end-to-end secure tunnel to your Network Attached Storage without exposing it to the open internet. In order to accomplish this, a connection is established by both the NAS device and remote application to a number of relay nodes within NKN’s public server network. Multiple nodes are used for both reliability as well as to enable faster transfer speed via multi-path data routing and aggregation. These relay nodes provide the interconnect to establish a single virtual tunnel between the NAS device and remote application. Relay nodes also provide a publicly available connection point for the NAS device, which is often connected behind a firewall or gateway and does not have a public IP address or open ports. Please see figure 1 below.Fig1: NKN Tunnel via multiple parallel relay nodeOnce a connection between the NAS device and relay node is established it will begin listening on a unique NKN Address (For example: 20d72feef55…) as shown in Figure 2. This is a routable address within the NKN network and will be used by the remote application to establish a connection to the same relay nodes as the NAS. In addition, this NKN Address also includes a public key which will help establish E2E encryption without the need to consult a 3rd party Certificate Authority (CA).Figure 2: NKN Address used to establish E2E encryptionOnce the tunnel is established, the remote application will have access to any of the local services available on the end device including access to the users content such as photos, movies, and other files.As an additional level of security, the NAS device will enforce a whitelist of authorized remote devices. Therefore, nobody else can access your data and apps at home, unless you explicitly allow them to do so.Quick and easy setupnConnect is quick and painless to set up, which involves the following steps:Users install a nConnect plug-in on their NAS, via its app store or marketplace. Upon successful completion of the installation, a QR code is shown as well as an Access Key can be copied.Users download and install nMobile Pro. In nMobile Pro, the user scans the QR code from step 1, which will establish the secure tunnel between the mobile device and NAS.In addition, users can install nMobile desktop applications on their PC. User pastes the Access Key from step 1 to establish a secure tunnel between their PC and NAS.Now users can use their favorite applications to remotely access their files on NAS, even when they are not at home or office.Success StoriesNKN’s nConnect is being tested for commercial deployment with top tier NAS vendors globally. We look forward to announcing the names of our partners in the near future.In addition, nConnect is not limited to NAS use cases and should be equally useful for all the devices and servers in your private network at home and at work.SummarynConnect gives users the power to take their data and applications anywhere they want to go. By offering a secure connection between your mobile device and your home or enterprise NAS, users can access their irreplaceable family photos or sensitive business data with just a few taps on your mobile while keeping the data private and secure on their own NAS device. All data is end-to-end encrypted and never stored in the cloud, so only you have access to your data.nConnect also offers accelerated performance when downloading data from your remote machine with several times faster download experience than comparable cloud based solutions. So, next time you want to download a copy of your daughter’s dance recital you saved at home to show family and friends, they won’t need to wait long.Enhance your NAS with nConnect and make your data and applications universally accessible today!You can find more information on our product page:https://dataride.nkn.org/filetransfer/About NKNHome: https://nkn.org/Email: contact@nkn.orgTelegram: https://t.me/nknorgTwitter: https://twitter.com/NKN_ORGBlog: https://blog.nkn.orgForum: https://forum.nkn.orgMedium: https://medium.com/nknetworkLinkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/nknetwork/Github: https://github.com/nknorgDiscord: https://discord.gg/yVCWmkCYouTube: http://www.youtube.com/c/NKNORGnConnect for NAS: secure remote access to files and apps was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 09. 17

NKN Bi-weekly Report August...

NKN Bi-weekly Report August 16 — 31, 2020HighlightsBuilding nNAT: NKN’s innovation in remote access to files and appsOur new roadmap beyond 2020: a bigger visionNew updates to NKN official website370Mbps high speed in latest TUNA testing“Surge” file sharing app: starts closed Alpha testingMainnet technical development updatesLatest Mainnet Stats September 7, 2020:💻 28,297 full consensus nodes🏭 157 ISPs or cloud providers🌐 37 countries & regionsThe latest stable release for mainnet is v2.0.4(https://github.com/nknorg/nkn/releases )Building nNAT: NKN’s innovation in remote access to files and appsIn recent months, NKN has been busy building an innovative new solution called nNAT for remotely accessing files and apps on private networks. The technical term is NAT Transversal, which is a crucial part of software defined wide area networks.One of the first use cases is remotely accessing files and apps in NAS (Network Attached Storage, commonly known as network disks), and we are working with top tier NAS vendors in this space. They love the unique combination of security, speed, and affordability provided by our nNAT solution.Stay tuned for partner announcements and commercial deals in this space!Our new roadmap beyond 2020: a bigger visionUpon the completion of our existing roadmap that was planned since the very start of our journey, NKN has come to a brand-new phase, and of course with an updated roadmap beyond 2020.NKN is aiming higher in technology tracks and pursuing a bigger vision on commercial sides, stay tuned with our team!New updates to NKN official websiteRecently we have updated some segments of our official website https://www.nkn.org:Added Press Coverage that includes a variety of articles from different authors and media sources.NKN roadmap has been updatedCleaned up and rearranged the order of different segments on the front page for easier navigation.370Mbps high speed in TUNA testingTUNA never fails us on its downloading speed! As we are testing for one of our potential partners, we tested on 115 TUNA proxy servers and sampled over 255 measurements: the average download speed has actually reached up to 370Mbps! An impressive feat.“Surge”, the file sharing app, starts closed Alpha testingOn 29th of August, the Rule110 team from NKN’s open-source development community has officially announced the closed alpha testing of “Surge”, the 100% anonymous p2p file sharing application utilizing NKN blockchain. The whole team is working hard to guarantee a great experience on every operating system. Time to get eager and excited, we’ll be able to meet “Surge” soon!Follow the official twitter of Rule 110 for more updates: @Rule110_ioHome: https://nkn.org/Email: contact@nkn.orgTelegram: https://t.me/nknorgTwitter: https://twitter.com/NKN_ORGBlog: https://blog.nkn.orgForum: https://forum.nkn.orgMedium: https://medium.com/nknetworkLinkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/nknetwork/Github: https://github.com/nknorgDiscord: https://discord.gg/yVCWmkCYouTube: http://www.youtube.com/c/NKNORGNKN Bi-weekly Report August 16 — 31, 2020 was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 09. 09

NKN Bi-weekly Report August...

NKN Bi-weekly Report August 01 — August 15, 2020HighlightsNKN continues to explore support for new crypto exchangesnMobile1.0 is on regular update based on customer feedbackNKN video AMA with core team: highlights and video replayNKN commercial now available on Google Cloud MarketplaceComing soon! Surge, the most secure file sharing app built on NKN, by the Rule110 community developer teamMainnet technical development updatesLatest Mainnet Stats August 25 2020:💻 29,576 full consensus nodes🏭 174 ISPs or cloud providers🌐 44 countries & regionsThe latest stable release for mainnet is v2.0.2(https://github.com/nknorg/nkn/releases )NKN continues to explore support for new crypto exchangesNKN team sets our goal to offer support for all crypto exchanges that meet our technical standards, and which comply with applicable laws. After our recent listing with Upbit and Uniswap, we’re exploring the addition of a range of new crypto exchanges such as Coinbase, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitfinex…etc. Over time we expect our customers around the world will have access through multiple exchange platforms to 100% of the aggregate market cap of all NKN in circulation.A detailed article about our exploring plans and expecting exchanges can be found:https://forum.nkn.org/t/nkn-continues-to-explore-support-for-new-crypto-exchanges/2390nMobile1.0 is on regular update based on early customer feedbackSince the launch of nMobile1.0, we’ve been closely listening to the feedback and proposal from our community and new users of our private and secure messaging application. We are improving app performance and adding new features. Make sure to download and try our nMobile 1.0 and send us your thoughts or proposals. Your opinion is a big part in perfecting the world’s trusted chat!Download and install:Apple App Store: https://apps.apple.com/us/app/nmobile/id1499487381Google Play Store: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.nkn.mobile.appTo Make it transparent, auditable, and trusted, nMobile is open sourced:https://github.com/nknorg/nMobileNKN video AMA with core team: Highlights and Video Replay publishedA video AMA with NKN core team was held in both Zoom and YouTube on August 13th 2020. Questions and concerns from the community and our followers were answered by four core team members including updates on the partnership of iQIYI, plans for exchanges’ mainnet support, our future marketing plans, and more.A Q&A highlights of this AMA can be found: https://forum.nkn.org/t/nkn-ama-q-a-highlights-august-2020/2385If you missed the event, you’re welcome to view the video-on-demand on our official YouTube Channel: https://youtu.be/pfqbOkqIRw4 . Please subscribe to the channel to get automatic updates.NKN Commercial now available on Google Cloud MarketplaceHola mining fellas, now it’s easier than ever to deploy NKN Commercial with 1 click since it’s now available on Google Cloud Marketplace. No more copy paste scripts or command line use needed, Happy NKN mining!https://console.cloud.google.com/marketplace/details/nkn-public/nkn-full-nodeComing soon! “Surge”, the most secure file sharing app built on NKN, by the Rule 110 developer teamAs a 100% anonymous p2p file sharing application utilizing the NKN P2P network and blockchain, “Surge” has caught a lot of attention from our followers. According to the Rule110 community developer team, it should be about 3–4 weeks before we could see the open beta version available.Eager and excited to meet “Surge”? Follow the official twitter of Rule 110: @Rule110_ioAbout NKNHome: https://nkn.org/Email: contact@nkn.orgTelegram: https://t.me/nknorgTwitter: https://twitter.com/NKN_ORGBlog: https://blog.nkn.orgForum: https://forum.nkn.orgMedium: https://medium.com/nknetworkLinkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/nknetwork/Github: https://github.com/nknorgDiscord: https://discord.gg/yVCWmkCYouTube: http://www.youtube.com/c/NKNORGNKN Bi-weekly Report August 01 — August 15, 2020 was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 08. 27

NKN Roadmap beyond 2020

Ignite the engine for intergalactic connectivityWith the launch of NKN 2.0 in July 2020, we have successfully completed our existing roadmaps since we began our journey in early 2018. NKN’s technology foundation, the world’s largest mainnet, our business model and commercial traction all attest to our commitment to on time delivery with highest quality.But our journey has just begun. Today we are happy to announce the updated NKN roadmap beyond 2020, in both technology and commercial tracks. Our ultimate goal for NKN is to become the secure and indispensable intergalactic connectivity platform, so it is time to ignite the engines!TechnologyMainnet integration with exchanges and hardware walletFast block synchronizationMore client and wallet SDK supporting different programming languagesRemove limitation on fixed ports and single IP address per nodeSupport IPv6CommercializationPursue the addition of new crypto exchanges for NKN token holders around the worldAccelerate token circulation by growing substantial business for dataRide and nCDNForge new partnerships for intergalactical communication infrastructureExpand nMobile, the extra secure server-less and trusted chat, to mainstreamSponsor development community for significant applications utilizing NKN ecosystemCommunity co-pilotsOur community, our users, holders, and developers, are our co-pilots. We welcome you to submit a New Kind of Proposals (NKP) that will guide our future technology and commercial successes!https://forum.nkn.org/t/master-thread-for-nkp-new-kind-of-proposal/503Footnote:The roadmap items are sorted by decreasing priority instead of time. And there is no dependency in terms of which roadmap item will be completed first. Any roadmap items are subject to change, due to unforeseen circumstances, community feedback, changing market conditions, and customer requirements.NKN Roadmap beyond 2020 was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 08. 24

NKN AMA Q&A Highlights — Au...

NKN AMA Q&A Highlights — August 2020Thanks again to everyone that participated in the NKN Video AMA with the core team on August 13th. If you missed the event, you can still view the video on-demand on our YouTube Channel: https://youtu.be/pfqbOkqIRw4We have also compiled all of the questions and answers from our AMA and provided them below.Are there any updates on the partnership with iQIYI? When to expect their first use of NKN network and token? Are there any negotiations with American companies on the use of NKN CDN?We are doing well with iQIYI in China. We started ramping up our activity in July, which is when we started delivering significant traffic, and this month (August) we will be scaling up to deliver a large amount of commercial traffic for iQIYI. Between April and August there will be 40x more traffic delivered by nCDN which is significant growth over the past few months. Due to the billing cycles from iQIYI we will start to see revenue soon. Overall, this is a healthy business for NKN.In addition, based on the experience with iQIYI, we can use a similar system for other video providers in our pipeline as well. In fact, we have been testing that the same miners that are helping us to serve iQIYI could also provide content for other video streaming provider services as well on nCDN which could provide additional income for our community. We are in commercial testing with two other video platforms, and hope to close more deals during the remainder of 2020.Internationally, the CDN industry requires a different business model than in China and we have been working with cloud and network infrastructure providers to identify cost effective hosting solutions that can make nCDN profitable for miners in these markets.Could you expand a little on the nCDN model that is operating in china at the moment, from hearsay I have gathered that operating such a node is many times more profitable than running a consensus node, while not providing any security or consensus benefits to the nkn blockchain. To me it feels like a select group of chinese miners are currently making profits over the backs of the “westerner” miners which secure the network for little to no reward.The iQIYI CDN and NKN Full Node are 2 different applications that are run separately on NKN Nodes. In China, some opt to only run the iQIYI software without running NKN Full nodes and some run both. iQIYI uses quite a lot of bandwidth and will not be profitable for NKN nodes running on many of the large cloud providers like Digital Ocean and others. Many who run iQIYI CDN are running those at home on dedicated lines and not with cloud providers because of this. In addition, NKN nodes running iQIYI CDN do not compete with NKN Full node miners in terms of rewards since they are separate applications. iQIYI CDN payout is totally separate from mining rewards.iQIYI CDN is also good for the economic model as well. Since iQIYI pays NKN in fiat and we in turn buy tokens and distribute to the participating nodes, there is more circulation and more holders of the tokens as well which the community can benefit from.Hosting iQIYI CDN on NKN nodes is done using our new NKN Commercial software which gives miners the ability to choose which services they would like to host, including NKN Full Node mining, nCDN, and TUNA/dataRide. dataRide is gaining traction with customers (such as NAS vendors) and is yet another way miners could earn more rewards on our platform. Per data byte pricing wise, dataRide is much higher than nCDN.Will there be a new roadmap?We are working on it. We have lots of ideas both in technology and commercialization for NKN 3.0 and will be able to share with the community soon.​When will Surge be available?Surge is being developed by the Rule110 community developer group. According to the team, it should be about 3–4 weeks until the open beta is available.​Will NKN be incorporated into systems and devices such as mobile phones or TVs or routers to become NKN nodes if so are you in talks with any electronics companies such as Sony, Samsung, etcOne opportunity is to run on Network Attached Storage (NAS) devices, which is typically a powerful machine with storage, CPU, and bandwidth to host our services. For routers, we already offer NKN Full nodes that run on OpenWRT based WiFi routers as well as offer firmware for the popular N1 router in China as well.We have not gone into the hardware business yet for a few reasons. Hardware takes a long time to develop, comes with a lot of uncertainties, and does not scale as well as a pure software approach. That’s why our initial focus has been on the software side and hardening our current solutions. However, once we have stabilized our software solutions we will look for opportunities to partner with hardware manufacturers.We do welcome our community or entrepreneurs to develop hardware that complements are software as well. And there are crowdsourcing models (such as indiegogo and kickstarter) that can derisk the hardware upfront costs.​Theta has a deal with Samsung to deliver their CDN through their smart tvs , is NKN following a similar route?Our understanding is that Samsung will host the Theta.tv video application, which would give users access to Theta’s content channels from their Samsung TVs. Theta is focusing on live streaming, and the TV provides an additional distribution channel for their content.For NKN, we are working with device vendors such as Network Attached Storage (NAS) and WiFi router which is a better fit for our network infra.​Any updates on IoT and NKN?Our specialty is on the connectivity for IoT devices. We consider NAS devices to be connected devices and are working with one of the top 3 vendors in this space to offer secure remote access services. That will be an exciting deal to expand the NKN usage and attracting new dataRide revenue, so our team is working very hard on it.We have also been collaborating with Mozilla Foundation and their WebThings Gateway that offers a way to control and manage your IoT devices at home. We also continue to experiment with providing services for webcams and other connected devices as well. However, in these cases, we work with partners that help us complete the solution and offer GTM sales channels in the IoT domain.Are there any plans for storing NKN on a hardware wallet?Hardware wallet support is in our plans and we have started the process, However, popular hardware token vendors receive lots of requests for support and because of that, the integration process can take a long time before becoming available.​Will Binance support mainnet ? If yes, what’s the estimated time?Unfortunately, we cannot provide an estimated time as it’s not under our control. We are working with Binance and in the process of integration for mainnet support.It seems that more and more web3 ‘competitors’ are popping up and are partnering up with big blockchain projects. ie; orchid with chainlink. Will NKN also seek to provide offchain improvements for existing crypto projects?We are always looking for new partnering opportunities, however, offering offchain improvements for crypto projects is not an immediate focus at the moment. Non-crypto market has a much larger user base, so partnership with big non-crypto projects and companies can bring much higher value to the system.We’ve spoken about the NKN website and visuals for a long time, and recently it’s sounded as if it’s getting higher and higher on the list to complete. Do you have any timescales for this to be properly targeted?Our resources are limited and many of our front end designers have been hard at work on nMobile, nMobile pro, and NAS related projects. We do expect to provide a quick facelift on the main home page soon, but the second level pages may come a bit later once we can dedicate more resources to the effort.Upon releasing in December last year that you had the NKN Client pushed out to over 35,000 NAS devices with a particular vendor, you had mentioned talking to 2 others at the same time I believe. Did this ever develop further? And if not, is this still a market actively being targeted?The answer is YES. As we mentioned elsewhere, we are currently working hard on a solution with one of the top three NAS vendors. We believe it will be very exciting both in terms of revenue opportunity as well as technical solution.Any plans listing on Coinbase?We have been evaluating all kinds of exchanges for listing. Coinbase and Kraken are the best exchanges in the US and we are working with both and continue to provide regular updates to them. However, these exchanges do not share their listing plans for obvious reasons. Exchanges such as these look for larger token projects that are widely used including real world use cases with lots of adoption. We will continue to focus on growth in these areas as well engaging with exchanges toward new listings.However, we are not in a rush to add more listings. If you look at our volumes today, they are decent at the moment. We have done the mainnet swap on Upbit, which is already trading our Mainnet and have also been listed on Uniswap to try out the more decentralized exchanges with a different economic model. We are open to exchanges that can give our users a fiat on ramp or that can provide a different economic model for token holders. We prefer to increase the quality not the quantity of exchanges.The NKN tech is awesome no doubt. But I’m a bit fearful about marketing. We have d-Chat but very few people know this.We believe nMobile does have the potential to reach wider adoption. However, while nMobile 1.0 is useful, it doesn’t yet have the “wow” effect. We are planning to save our larger marketing push until we have further developed nMobile. In the meantime, we have done some of our own marketing as well as an incentive system coming soon to help increase adoption in the short term.When will we enter into the gaming industry (TUNA) and agreements with the gaming industry?If we look at last year’s Google Stadia launch, you can see that many of the problems with providing game streaming is related to the limitations with a gamers own home network connections, and not the cloud infrastructure itself. Until the network infrastructure to the home evolves to support the demands of game streaming it would be difficult to provide such a service at a very high performance level that gamers demand.There is also the matter of hardware. In order to host game streaming, miners will need more advanced hardware including beefy GPU, processing, and more that can make mining more expensive.We do have working Proof of Concept, but we believe there are too many limitations including good home connectivity and the availability of miners with high end machines for hosting to ensure gaming performance.In the past few days, most of the population of Belarus has been without Internet due to blockades by the state. Almost all known popular VPN services, such as TunnelBear, Nord VPN, HotspotShield, Hola, etc., have also been blocked. The only thing that restored at least some access were custom shadowsocks servers, or tools such as Psiphon (which received 2 million downloads from Belarusian users in just two days). This is an example of how the application really performs its tasks and becomes popular in a very short time. Unfortunately, n-mobile did not work in those days (I think, due to the fact that most nodes are located on popular VPS, such as Digital Ocean, AWS, Google, etc., and they are, of course, blocked in such situations). Question: Wouldn’t it be interesting for the team to develop not only towards privacy, but also towards accessibility, perhaps with the help of some additional tools, like special layers of proxy, because the potential for using such applications is really great, and most importantly, such applications are in demand in critical situations?There are a few community members that are experimenting with NKN tunneling services, as you can observe on our developer’s Discord channel. They might be able to figure out something that could work on this situation. For our team, we have a full plate of activities we have already committed including nMobile, nCDN, dataRide, and more and do not have the bandwidth to tackle such a project. However, we welcome the community to work on it.NKN AMA Q&A Highlights — August 2020 was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 08. 14

NKN Bi-weekly Report July 1...

NKN Bi-weekly Report July 16 — July 31, 2020HighlightsnMobile 1.0 Official release & Open SourcenMobile product demo videoWeb 3.0 webinar videos availableNKN mainnet tokens available on Upbit exchangeNKN on Uniswap, the star DeFi exchangeMainnet technical development updatesLatest Mainnet Stats August 07 2020:💻 25,784 full consensus nodes🏭 164 ISPs or cloud providers🌐 40 countries & regionsThe latest stable release for mainnet is v2.0.2(https://github.com/nknorg/nkn/releases )nMobile 1.0 Official Release & Open SourceThe truly decentralized and distributed application that solves existing security issues and vulnerabilities is now offered by NKN.nMobile, NKN’s extra secure chat application, ensures a safe sharing environment for users with its end-to-end encryption along with strict local storage of private keys and adistributed architecture powered by the strong foundation of NKN’s dataRide platform.A detailed article about nMobile can be found:https://blog.nkn.org/nmobile-the-trusted-chat/Try nMobile today and keep your data safe and secure. Download and install:Apple App Store: https://apps.apple.com/us/app/nmobile/id1499487381Google Play Store: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.nkn.mobile.appTo Make it transparent, auditable, and trusted, nMobile is open sourced:https://github.com/nknorg/nMobilenMobile product demo videoWant something with more fun? NKN offers a nice demo video with clear explanation and instruction about nMobile 1.0 on our official YouTube channel. Subscribe now and get the latest NKN updates!Click the link below for a 2 min nMobile demo video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bDh7CUvnqW0Web 3.0 webinar video availableWe recently organized and hosted the “Web3.0 Tech Talk: The Power of Offchain”. Now You can watch all of the Webinar presentations in this curated playlist as well as individual episodes on the NKN YouTube Channel.BluzelleFilecoin/IPFSIoTeXNKN 2.0Thetahttps://forum.nkn.org/t/web-3-0-tech-talk-the-power-of-offchain-videos-available-on-youtube/2333NKN mainnet tokens available on UpbitIn recent months, our team has been working with several major exchanges on mainnet integration and we are glad to inform all of our holders that NKN mainnet tokens are already supported on Upbit. We will continue to work with other major exchanges to make sure they support NKN mainnet tokens and provide a smooth swap mechanism for our holders.https://sg.upbit.com/service_center/notice?id=2438NKN on Uniswap, the star of DeFi exchangeWe are happy to announce that NKN/ETH and NKN/USDT is available on uniswap, one of the star decentralized exchanges of DeFi. We have added liquidity to the pool: you are welcome to try it out.https://uniswap.info/token/0x5cf04716ba20127f1e2297addcf4b5035000c9ebAbout NKNNKN is the new kind of P2P network connectivity protocol & ecosystem powered by a novel public blockchain. We use economic incentives to motivate Internet users to share network connections and utilize unused bandwidth. NKN’s open, efficient, and robust networking infrastructure enables application developers to build the decentralized Internet so everyone can enjoy secure, low cost, and universally accessible connectivity.Home: https://nkn.org/Email: contact@nkn.orgTelegram: https://t.me/nknorgTwitter: https://twitter.com/NKN_ORGBlog: https://blog.nkn.orgForum: https://forum.nkn.orgMedium: https://medium.com/nknetworkLinkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/nknetwork/Github: https://github.com/nknorgDiscord: https://discord.gg/yVCWmkCYouTube: http://www.youtube.com/c/NKNORGNKN Bi-weekly Report July 16 — July 31, 2020 was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 08. 10

nMobile: The Trusted Chat

nMobile: the trusted chat“The decisions we make about communication security today will determine the kind of society we live in tomorrow.” — Dr. Whitfield Diffie, co-creator of public key cryptography and advisor to NKNExecutive SummarynMobile is an extra secure and trusted chat app, available on iOS and Android today.Why nMobile? To eradicate the roots of security hacks and privacy issues of popular chat apps such as whatsapp and signal, by removing all centralized servers.Targeted audience: people who put highest priority on security and privacy, such as crypto community, minority groups, and financial/legal/health professionals.Why is it better? nMobile runs on dataRide, a blockchain powered distributed communication system by over 20,000 independent, open source and community run relay servers.The Never-ending security crisis and the Call for trusted communicationOn Friday 31st of July, a group of hackers compromised Twitter and gained access to 130 accounts including those of Barack Obama, Kim Kardashian, Bill Gates, and Elon Musk. These breaches often put your data, your family’s data, your employer’s data, and sometimes even your city, state, or federal governments data at risk. The more we rely on digital communication platforms due to the pandemic, the more crucial security and privacy matters.Signal or WhatsApp were originally created to meet the demand for a secure chat option. They offer a relatively secure platform where rich text messages could be sent and received between individuals and public/private groups. These applications grant end to end encryption, ensuring big improvements in messaging security at the time they were released.However, today we need even more secure communication. Applications such as Signal and WhatsApp are no longer enough to protect our private data. With their infrastructures relying on a centralized database, they are more susceptible to large scale attacks; by using cell-phone numbers as identity, their system is very vulnerable to SIM swap attacks; furthermore, your private key might be stored in a centralized server of these Apps.We can definitely communicate securely and keep our data private. But it’s going to take a new generation of platforms and services to make it happen. That is why we created nMobile.The Trusted ChatNKN versus competition (whatsapp, signal)nMobile solves these security issues by being a truly decentralized and distributed application. Instead of “don’t be evil”, nMobile “can’t be evil”. In order to accomplish this, we eliminated the possibility of security and privacy breaches by removing centralized servers entirely. This means thatThere is no centralized server hosted by any company or individual.All your data is stored on your device and never in the cloud.Your private key is only stored on your local device, and never “backed up” in the cloud.All data is end-to-end encrypted and never accessible by any relay node in transit.No surveillance, no “big brother”.So only you, and you alone, can read the messages intended for you.The ultimate secure communication powered by dataRideThe secure and free nature of nMobile almost seems too good to be unrealistically amazing. However, it’s built on amore than solid foundation as the whole network is powered by NKN’s dataRide platform, a distributed architecture with over 20,000 independent relay servers in 40+ countries worldwide that makes it nearly impossible for a malicious party to take down the network. And below are some key blockchain technologies that dataRide employs to power nMobile.dataRide is enabled natively on all NKN full node mainnet software. and takes advantage of a novel consensus we call Proof of Relay, a useful Proof of Work. Miners who run the software and relay traffic have an opportunity to earn rewards.NKN miners are incentivized to run dataRide traffic. The more dataRide traffic a mining node relays, the higher chance it will get the next block reward. This is one form of very efficient and useful PoW, which we call it Proof of Relay.dataRide enables true peer to peer data communication which uses NKN’s unique and global IDs ensured by the underlying blockchain technology, allowing communication between devices, even if these devices don’t have a public IP address on the internet, since each peer is defined by its public/private key pair. Peers uses NKN addresses (its public key) for routing instead of an IP address. So, the fundamental identity and security is ensured by underlying blockchain technology. This also solvesd the problem that most clients (e.g. mobile phones and PCs) do not have a public IP addresses, and traditionally rely on centralized servers (security and privacy honeypot) to communicate with each other.dataRide offers auses payment channels between peers, for direct payment for services using NKN token and Blockchain accounting.micropayment of volume-based data usage. e.g. a user using dataRide file transfer service pays directly to the miners who provide the relay service. There is no central body to do accounting, billing, and payment. Again, this payment channel is enabled by blockchain tech.A brighter future with trustWe believe nMobile is the future of secure communications. By offering secure communications that incorporate end-to-end encryption along with strict local storage of private keys and a distributed architecture, users can feel safe in sharing information with their friends, family, coworkers, and business partners again.Try nMobile today and rest assured your data will stay private and secure! Download and install on iOS and Android today!Apple App Store: https://apps.apple.com/us/app/nmobile/id1499487381Google Play Store: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.nkn.mobile.appProduct demo video: https://youtu.be/bDh7CUvnqW0Bug report and feature suggestions: https://forum.nkn.org/t/nmobile-1-0-community-feedback/2344nMobile: The Trusted Chat was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 08. 04

NKN Bi-weekly Report July 0...

NKN Bi-weekly Report July 01 — July 15, 2020HighlightsLaunch of NKN CommercialThe 2020 mainnet Token swap updateAn approach to NKN2.0 ecosystem is now available on YouTubeThe DailyChain news interviews Allen DixonFinal countdown of our New nMobile!Mainnet technical development updatesLatest Mainnet Stats July 20 2020:💻 21,246 full consensus nodes🏭 153 ISPs or cloud providers🌐 38 countries & regionsThe latest stable release for mainnet is v2.0.2(https://github.com/nknorg/nkn/releases )Launch of NKN CommercialThe ultimate all-in-one mining software especially made for the NKN ecosystem is finally here. NKN Commercial, one of the most “smart and intelligent” software, keeps all services (such as NKN node, nCDN and TUNA) running and updating automatically and earns NKN token into your beneficiary addresse for all of the services.A detailed installation instruction can be found:https://forum.nkn.org/t/nkn-commercial-an-all-in-one-mining-software-for-nkn-ecosystem/2281Download and install:Linux: https://commercial.nkn.org/downloads/nkn-commercial/linux-amd64.zip Linux (arm64): https://commercial.nkn.org/downloads/nkn-commercial/linux-arm64.zip Mac: https://commercial.nkn.org/downloads/nkn-commercial/darwin-amd64.zipThe 2020 mainnet Token swap updateSince September 2019, NKN has enabled two-way token swaps between NKN Mainnet and ERC-20 tokens and we plan to take further steps to ensure both tokens are available for the foreseeable future. With an abundance of caution for asset security, NKN will start with smaller exchanges and gradually move up to a higher volume of exchanges.The official swap tool is located: https://swap.nkn.orgFor complete guide, you can find it here: https://forum.nkn.org/t/guide-nkn-s-official-mainnet-token-swap-tool/1727After reading our guide and you still have questions, please contact our customer support swap@nkn.org.An approach to NKN2.0 ecosystem is now available on YouTubeA general and clear approach to the NKN 2.0 ecosystem is now available in video form on YouTube. It’s the best and easiest way for you to get to know NKN 2.0, especially if you are not a fan of reading blog articles or find it hard to concentrate when going through detailed explanations.Enjoy this 2 minute quick run-through of our new ecosystem: https://youtu.be/Umpsy8E8aZoThe DailyChain News interviews Allen Dixon“Managing partnerships with Apple for Nokia taught me that the best mobile phones need a significantly newer kind of network to unleash its full potential.” said Allen Dixon, NKN’s VP of Business Development, in this recent interview with D. G. Altman for DailyChainNews about NKN 2.0.Read the full interview here:https://thedailychain.com/nkn-mainnet-2-0-security-audit-openapi-and-partnerships-with-allen-dixon/This completes the set. Now all core team members have been interviewed with TheDailyChain.Final countdown of our new nMobileBased on our leading technology platform dataRide, NKN team is working full speed to ensure the perfection of our new nMobile app. It will be more secure than ever, easier to access than ever, and cooler than ever.The updated release is coming soon, so join nMobile and enjoy the best secure messaging experience.About NKNNKN is the new kind of P2P network connectivity protocol & ecosystem powered by a novel public blockchain. We use economic incentives to motivate Internet users to share network connections and utilize unused bandwidth. NKN’s open, efficient, and robust networking infrastructure enables application developers to build the decentralized Internet so everyone can enjoy secure, low cost, and universally accessible connectivity.Home: https://nkn.org/Email: contact@nkn.orgTelegram: https://t.me/nknorgTwitter: https://twitter.com/NKN_ORGBlog: https://blog.nkn.orgForum: https://forum.nkn.orgMedium: https://medium.com/nknetworkLinkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/nknetwork/Github: https://github.com/nknorgDiscord: https://discord.gg/yVCWmkCYouTube: http://www.youtube.com/c/NKNORGNKN Bi-weekly Report July 01 — July 15, 2020 was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 07. 22

NKN Mainnet Token Swap Upda...

NKN Mainnet Swap 2020IntroductionSince September 2019, we have enabled two-way token swap between NKN Mainnet and ERC-20 tokens. A few major milestones have been achieved since then:A very thorough and detailed security audit has been successfully completed and the final report has been published. This audit looks into all the source code of our nkn node software, as well as wallet and client SDK. Our core development team has fixed all major issues discovered during this 6-month long audit. We are certain that our mainnet is secure and dependable.There is a significant increased usage of our NKN mainnet token for applications such as nMobile, nCDN and TUNA.We have the world’s largest production mainnet with between 12,000 to 25,000 full consensus nodes, from July 2019 to June 2020. In addition, we have an absolute diversified and decentralized mining community, with less than 1% of mainnet nodes run by the NKN team.Dual token co-existenceWe plan to make both NKN Mainnet and NKN ERC-20 tokens available for the foreseeable future. Here are the reasons:Ethereum is a proven platform with one of the strongest asset security capabilities in the entire blockchain industry. NKN Mainnet is very secure, as evident from the security audit, but relatively young compared to Ethereum.It will take some time to complete integration with all major exchanges.We want to make sure that every NKN token holder has enough time to carry out the token swap.Swap scheduleThe official swap tool is located here: https://swap.nkn.orgNKN token swap between mainnet and ERC-20 is available according to the following schedule:ERC-20 to Mainnet token swap: always openMainnet to ERC-20 token swap: open for 2 weeks every 2 monthsJuly 20–31, 2020September 21–30, 2020November 16–27, 2020Future dates to be announced.Additional notes:The minimum amount to be swapped is 100 NKN.We want to make every effort possible to ensure that token holders can swap their assets in sufficient time.Please note that NKN Foundation reserves the right to change the schedule due to national holidays, major events, technical support availability, and other factors.ExchangesEach exchange has a different technical and financial requirement when it comes to an integration schedule for mainnet tokens. NKN will work with all major exchanges to make sure they support NKN mainnet token, and provide a smooth token swap mechanism for current ERC-20 token holders who deposit their assets on those exchanges.We will start with smaller exchanges and gradually move up to higher volume exchanges, with abundance of caution for asset security.Hardware wallet supportHardware wallets add an additional layer of offline security and are valuable to some of our token holders. We intend to support the most popular hardware wallets, and specifically Ledger Nano. The time schedule for hardware wallet support will be announced later, after some of our commercial product launches.Additional informationHow to tell if your NKN tokens are Mainnet or ERC-20?Mainnet NKN token address: NKN********ERC-20 NKN token address: 0x12FE45****The official swap tool is located here:https://swap.nkn.orgFor complete guide, you can find it here: https://forum.nkn.org/t/guide-nkn-s-official-mainnet-token-swap-tool/1727After reading our guide and you still have questions, please contact our customer support swap@nkn.org.NKN Mainnet Token Swap Update 2020 was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 07. 14

NKN Bi-weekly Report June 1...

NKN Bi-weekly Report June 15 — June 30, 2020NKN 2.0 shiningHighlightsNKN 2.0 officially releasedNKN hosts the Summer Web 3.0 Technology webinarNKN successfully completes comprehensive 6-month security auditA brand-new version of nMobile is coming soon!Mainnet technical development updatesLatest Mainnet Stats July 8 2020:💻 22,905 full consensus nodes🏭 150 ISPs or cloud providers🌐 35 countries & regionsThe latest stable release for mainnet is v2.0(https://github.com/nknorg/nkn/releases )NKN 2.0 officially releasedOn June 30, 2020, NKN announced the launch of NKN 2.0. This iteration shows that NKN has stepped into a much broader field by surpassing the conventional definition of blockchain. As a full range provider of free and secure communication services, NKN 2.0 offers dataRide and nCDN as two essential communication platforms for enterprise and individual customers. The updated ecosystem included in NKN2.0 also grants an unprecedented boost to economic incentives and models. The NKN2.0 business software bundle includes all of the communication services that could run with one click, update and restore automatically combined with increasing economic incentives.More information about the release:https://blog.nkn.org/nkn-2-0-network-as-a-service-free-and-secure-connection-for-the-new-future/Download and install NKN 2.0 Commercial package here. NKNx.org also added Fast Deploy support for NKN 2.0 Commercial.Develop applications on NKN 2.0: https://www.nkn.org/developer/NKN hosts the summer Web3.0 technology webinarOn June 30th, NKN team hosted and invited elite projects in the blockchain industry (Bluzelle, Filecoin, IoTeX, Storj, Theta) to hold the summer Web3.0 technology webinar together. At this specific webinar, Yilun Zhang, CTO of NKN also announced the launch of NKN2.0, presenting the future vision of the NKN team to become the no.1 platform for communications-related businesses and to use the platform to generate greater value for practical and monetary assets.To watch the webinar again:https://youtu.be/6Qu4niWZEvEFor background information about the webinar and speaker bio, visit:https://blog.nkn.org/web-3-0-tech-talk-the-power-of-offchain/NKN successfully completes comprehensive 6-month security auditNKN contracted Chaitin Technology Co., Ltd. to conduct a comprehensive security audit for the NKN blockchain project from December 20, 2019 to May 16, 2020, including 2 rounds of security review and remediation verification.With the successful completion of this audit, the security of the project is significantly improved and every functional module can be operated in a relatively safe and secure manner. This is a crucial milestone and prerequisite for NKN 2.0.https://blog.nkn.org/nkn-successfully-complete-security-audit-of-mainnet/A brand-new version of nMobile is coming soon!“A world near-at-hand, your connection safe and sound”As one of the goals of NKN, our team and partners are committed to building pioneering communication applications, and nmobile falls to one of them. The updated version of nMobile, with its function renewed, has returned as a more secure, convenient and free IM and large file transfer application.About NKNNKN is the new kind of P2P network connectivity protocol & ecosystem powered by a novel public blockchain. We use economic incentives to motivate Internet users to share network connections and utilize unused bandwidth. NKN’s open, efficient, and robust networking infrastructure enables application developers to build the decentralized Internet so everyone can enjoy secure, low cost, and universally accessible connectivity.Home: https://nkn.org/Email: contact@nkn.orgTelegram: https://t.me/nknorgTwitter: https://twitter.com/NKN_ORGBlog: https://blog.nkn.orgForum: https://forum.nkn.orgMedium: https://medium.com/nknetworkLinkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/nknetwork/Github: https://github.com/nknorgDiscord: https://discord.gg/yVCWmkCYouTube: http://www.youtube.com/c/NKNORGNKN Bi-weekly Report June 15 — June 30, 2020 was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 07. 09

NKN 2.0: Network as a Servi...

“A World Near-at-Hand, A Connection Safe and Sound”NKN IS SHINING:An economic platform for network transmission beyond conventional blockchainWith over 20,000 full blockchain nodes in more than 40 countriesOffers open ecosystem including a variety of network service Paas and APPSince mainnet 1.0 launch: over 50 active repositories, 1,685 commits, 3,865,675 lines of code added, 3,215,595 lines of code deleted, and hardened by the most stringent security auditIntroductionThe summer is getting hotter, and here at NKN wonderful stuff is sizzling. With today’s launch of NKN 2.0, we look beyond blockchain technology and set our gaze upon a much larger prize. Our steaming hot prize is Network as a Service, or in plain English, how we can connect all the people and things in the world, quickly and securely.Communication is truly like air and water, an essential human need that keeps us together as a society during this extraordinary time of pandemics and physical isolation. There is a significant surge of video streaming, video conferencing, and collaborative working, which all rely on fast and secure communication services.And that is what NKN 2.0 wants to be: an indispensable service for our future communication needs.Network as a ServiceUnder the umbrella of Network as a Service, NKN offers two main platform services that are crucial for enterprise and consumers. One is dataRide, a messaging, streaming and file transfer service for people and things; while the other is nCDN for video and rich media content delivery.We all have an Internet connection already today, so what is so unique about NKN 2.0 and Network as a Service? We can explain in the context of dataRide and nCDN.dataRidedataRide is a decentralized platform service for fast, reliable, secure and low cost messaging, streaming and file transfer service for person to person, machine-human as well as machine-machine communication. An everyday analogy will be taking public transportation versus taxi from home to a restaurant. If you take public transportation (traditional Internet), you might need to transfer between several different bus lines, follow a fixed route defined by the bus companies, and wait between stops. Some buses might be over-crowded and you might miss some connections. In contrast, if you take a taxi (NKN’s dataRide), you have a dedicated car, can flexibly choose the best route to go directly to the restaurant, and get to your destination faster and safer. In both cases, the network of roads is the same but your experience can be vastly different.It leverages NKN 2.0’s unique meshed network that offers many alternative paths and extra layers of security, which is unseen in any other network. After our initial success with several partners, we have narrowed down to a few vertical domains. They are: secure instant messaging, IoT such as security camera monitoring, remote file access and transfer. They are ready for commercial use and deployment..To enable world class dataRide service, our tech team has created or significantly enhanced our Domain Name Service, NanoPay — built in payments/rewards, Tuna — free market for NKN platform services, Session mode data streaming, plus added significant relay performance improvements for data traversing our network infrastructure.nCDNnCDN helps streaming video platforms and websites deliver video and rich media content to users quickly and cost effectively. Let’s use an easy and common metaphor of pizza delivery. We’ve come to a world where there’s no need to buy Pizza far away from Italy when we have a crave for those sizzling cheese and crispy crust. Thanks to our well developed franchisees and takeout services, we can order from thousands of pizzerias nearby, which not only saves us from those long and boring waiting times, but also ensures a much lower price with the freshness that we value the most. That is pretty much how nCDN works, in the area of content delivery. The only difference is nCDN offers contents such as videos and files, instead of Pizza and fries. Everyone can benefit from nCDN unconsciously, whether as a product for individuals or as a product for corporate customers.After NKN’s winning contract with China’s largest video platform iQIYI, we are maturing the nCDN products, refining the performance, and ramping up large scale commercial deployment as quickly as we can. In addition, our sales team is working tirelessly on acquiring more customers, replicating the success, and infusing substantial business revenue into the NKN ecosystem.NKN 2.0 ecosystemFor NKN miners, all the Network as a Service products will be bundled into a single convenient software package that is 1-click to run, automatically update and recover, runs 24x7, and generates mining rewards even when you are sleeping. And because we have nCDN and dataRide running with real world traffic, you have a greater opportunity for mining rewards than during NKN 1.0.Even more importantly, NKN 2.0 aims to infuse significantly more fiat revenue into the NKN ecosystem. NKN will use a good portion of the fiat revenue we generate from nCDN and dataRide commercial contracts, into NKN tokens and other digital assets. We believe this will make the overall pie bigger for all NKN token holders, compared to the more prevalent staking or DeFi approach. We believe every dollar, RMB, euro or JPY coming into the crypto industry, is a win for NKN as well as a win for the entire industry.Because security is of paramount importance for all participants of the NKN token ecosystem, our tech team has carried out a 6-month thorough security audit with a reputable 3rd party company Chaitin Technologies, implemented secure wallet format v2, and also added many Network/consensus security enhancements.The NKN team, our community developers and partners are building a few leading applications that run on top of the Network as a Service platform: d-chat and nMobile messaging applications, nftp for secure and fast file transfer, nshell for secure remote access to almost any device, and proxy service. They showcase the ubiquity of NKN’s communication services that can enhance people’s daily life such as chatting with friends and family, participating in group discussions, sending photos, videos and large files to each other.For more advanced users like developers, they can now securely manage hundreds or even thousands of remote servers by simply “chat” with their machines at their fingertips even while on vacation in Hawaii.An even bigger visionWhere will NKN 2.0 lead us? We can foresee a future where more and more applications will use NKN’s communication services, and more individual entrepreneurs and companies will join the NKN ecosystem to enlarge the network and enrich the service offerings. This will provide tremendous value both in terms of usefulness as well as an increase in monetary assets on the NKN platform. NKN will become the #1 platform for everything to do with communications. Connecting all the people and things in the world by NKN, my friends, is a super hot future!Experience NKN 2.0 today!Download and install NKN 2.0 Commercial package here. NKNx.org also added Fast Deploy support for NKN 2.0 Commercial.Develop applications on NKN 2.0: https://www.nkn.org/developer/NKN 2.0: Network as a Service, Free and Secure Connection for the New Future was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 07. 02

NKN successfully complete s...

NKN successfully completes security auditNKN contracted Chaitin Technology Co., Ltd. to conduct a comprehensive security audit for the NKN blockchain project from December 20, 2019 to May 16, 2020, including 2 rounds of security review and remediation verification.A total of 16 vulnerabilities have been identified through the complete security audit, including 5 critical 4 high 2 medium and 5 low vulnerabilities. 15 vulnerabilities have been fixed, while 1 (low vulnerability, details in appendix) remains unfixed.With the successful completion of this audit, the security of the project is significantly improved and every functional module can be operated in a relatively safe and secure manner. This is a crucial milestone and prerequisite for NKN 2.0.NKN core developers will continue to improve the security of NKN software, in partnership with 3rd party security experts and community developers.Scope of audit:NKN source code repository covered by this security audit:NKN core softwarehttps://github.com/nknorg/nknNKN’s nnet P2P network stackhttps://github.com/nknorg/nnet1st round security review version:commit c4cee36ae36442470030ee514aef6841d38240ea1st round remediation verification version:commit 296b48b3deee64f1016beadc869ab25b1d21aaba2nd round security review version:commit 296b48b3deee64f1016beadc869ab25b1d21aaba2nd round remediation verification version:commit c3f225840511a6999ddc3d75587b4c6d8dfbb20dAbout Chaitin TechnologiesChaitin Technologies is a world leading and technology driven cyber security solution provider,which released Next Generation Web Application Firewall (NGWAF) based on intelligence and semantic algorithms. Chaitin focuses on providing intelligent and simple next gen security solutions to enterprises.The Security Service Group of Chaitin Technologies focuses on security audits and code review for leading software companies.https://www.chaitin.cn/en/Appendix4.1. Potentially unfair consensus competition due to port reusing in POR protocol (Severity: low)4.1.1. OverviewTo mitigate possible Eclipse attacks on the POR consensus network, NKN puts a “one ID per IP” policy that any IP address can only host at most one NodeID by fixing the target port of outbounding connections; However, it is still possible to bypass this limitation and host multiple NodeIDs on a single IP address by implementing a NodeID proxy with dedicated listener logic.(details omitted)4.1.2. StatusUnfixed.First, there’s no effective way to enforce the “one ID per IP” policy in the current NKN architecture.However, according to NKN’s design philosophy, the only valid competitive resource for consensus is bandwidth, not IP addresses. Thus, this restriction should be removed and permit hosting multiple NodeIDs on a single IP in the future.NKN successfully complete security audit of mainnet was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 06. 29

Web 3.0 Tech Talk: the powe...

This webinar will focus on commercial uses for blockchain based Web 3.0 applications that use offchain elements for performance and scale. We have a strong speaker lineup consisting of CTO/Tech Lead from: Bluzelle, Filecoin, IoTeX, NKN, Storj, and Theta.Included will be an Introduction and short overview of the state of Web 3.0 applications and methods for offchain enhancements, followed by a brief explanation by 6 featured speakers (5–10 min/ea) sharing their own offchain use cases. The remaining time will be opened up for questions by the audience or pre-submitted online before the event.Date and timeJune 30th, 2020, Tuesday9AM PDT US Pacific timeStreaming platformsZoom WebinarTheta.tv (frontpage)YouTube LiveAgenda:Introduction — 5minSpeaker 1–10minSpeaker 2–10minSpeaker 3–10minSpeaker 4–10 minSpeaker 5–10 minSpeaker 6–10 minQ&A — 20min (Prepared + Audience Generated)Speakers:Bluzelle — Neeraj Murarka, CTO (confirmed)Filecoin — Colin Evran, Ecosystem Lead (confirmed)IoTeX — Raullen Chai, Co-Founder and CEO (confirmed)NKN — Yilun Zhang, CTO (confirmed)Storj — Kevin Leffew, Technical Solution Architect (confirmed)Theta — Jieyi Long — CTO (confirmed)Speaker biosBluzelle: Neeraj Murarka is a scientist and technology entrepreneur. His specializations are in decentralized trustless computer systems, cryptocurrencies, blockchains, network security, and computer systems architecture. Neeraj is the CTO and co-founder of Bluzelle Networks. Bluzelle builds blockchain ledger, decentralized, and trustless computing software solutions, in a protocol-agnostic way. Neeraj leads Bluzelle’s most ambitious project to build a world decentralized NoSQL-based database, powered by the Bluzelle token and his metaswarm technology. The database will disrupt the database space, and is slated to be implemented as the basis of data storage for the world’s leading blockchain products.Filecoin: Colin Evran leads Ecosystem at Protocol Labs, the leading research, development, and deployment institution for network protocols. Protocol Labs sponsors projects and protocols, including IPFS, Filecoin, and libp2p, designed to fortify and democratize the web.Previously, Evran was the Founder & CEO of Yard Club, a marketplace for underutilized industrial assets. Yard Club was acquired by Caterpillar in 2017. Evran began his career as a management consultant at McKinsey & Company and an associate at Bain Capital. He received an MBA at the Stanford Graduate School of Business and a BA from the Richard Ivey School of Business.IoTex: Raullen Chai is a Co-founder of IoTeX, a privacy-focused blockchain platform for the Internet of Trusted Things. Raullen received his PhD in Cryptography at University of Waterloo, where his research focused on lightweight ciphers for connected devices. After his PhD, Raullen spent 5+ years leading teams at Google and Uber as a Tech Lead and Head of Cryptography R&D, respectively. In 2017, Raullen founded IoTeX together with two other Co-founders to transform the way we interact with IoT devices.NKN: Yilun is the Co-Founder and CTO of NKN, a blockchain-powered decentralized data transmission network. On the research track, Yilun received a Ph.D. degree in Physics from University of California San Diego, where he conducted research in computational neuroscience and distributed information processing systems, which turned out to be the mathematical foundation of the MOCA consensus algorithm proposed by NKN. He also received a B.S. degree in Physics from Peking University. On the engineering track, Yilun started programming since high school and has been a full stack engineer for many years before cofounded NKN.Storj: Kevin Leffew is a Partner Manager and Solution Architect at Storj Labs. Kevin guides the customer teams of executives, developers, and DevOps managers to connect their solutions to Tardigrade, Storj’s decentralized cloud storage service. Through his work with Tardigrade users and partners, Kevin helps companies reduce their cloud storage spending while also building more resilient, performant, and disaster-proof cloud architectures. Kevin is specifically focused on multi-cloud architectures and reducing the Global Recovery Time for large datasets and backups.Theta: Jieyi Long is the CTO/Cofounder of Theta Labs Inc, in charge of the technology/research and oversees the day-to-day product development for the Theta Network. Prior to founding Theta Labs, he received the B.S. degree in Microelectronics from Peking University in Beijing, China. He also received the Ph.D. degree in Computer Engineering from Northwestern University in Evanston, IL, USA, where he conducted research in mathematical modeling and algorithms for large scale electronics system optimization. Many of which are finding their way into the THETA Network.Web 3.0 Tech Talk: the power of offchain was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 06. 24

NKN Bi-weekly Report June 1...

NKN Bi-weekly Report June 1 — June 15, 2020NKN building largest Blockchain Network (by Tom)HighlightsRule110: Open API for NKN DevelopersMainnet Explorer UpdateDeveloper Bounty ProgramnLearning Video: Content DeliveryNKN 2.0 Announcement Coming soon!Mainnet technical development updatesLatest Mainnet Stats June 16, 2020:💻 22,153 full consensus nodes🏭 167 ISPs or cloud providers🌐 37 countries & regionsThe latest stable release for mainnet is v1.1.7-beta(https://github.com/nknorg/nkn/releases )Rule110: Open API for NKN DevelopersLeaders from the NKN Community, including ChrisT and lightmyfir from NKNx and Mutsi from nStatus, have joined forces to form the first NKN Open-Source community called “Rule110”. Along with the announcement of Rule 110, the team has published their first project which is the NKN OpenAPI, based on the NKNx API, which offers an easy-to-use programming interface for developers. Rule 110 promises to provide developers the tools and help they need to learn and contribute to the growing NKN developer community. We cannot be more excited! Check out the announcement and visit the Github repository for Rule 110 projects.Mainnet Explorer UpdateOn June 15, the official NKN Mainnet Explorer was updated to version 1.0.0, is much faster, and now uses the community created Open API developed by Rule110. Users can now access the NKN Mainnet Explorer at its new location: https://nscan.io/. For developers interested in contributing to the project, please check out the Github repository for more information.Developer Bounty ProgramAre you a developer ready for a challenge? NKN has identified 5 challenges that not only provide a great way to contribute to our community but offer bounty rewards for your effort! These challenges range from Apps built on top of NKN’s dataRide Platform to creating 1-click installations of NKN full nodes on Synology and QNAP Network Attached Storage solutions.Challenges include:App for NKN file transfer (up to 20,000 NKN per app)IFTTT.com Connectors and Services (up to 20,000 NKN per app)WIX.com webapp (up to 20,000 NKN per app)Synology packages (up to 20,000 NKN)QNAP App Center (up to 20,000 NKN)To find out more as well as links to help you get started with these projects, please visit our forum post on the topic here.nLearning Video: Content DeliveryOn June 2nd, NKN released the nLearning Video “Content Delivery in 2020”. Content Delivery Networks or CDNs such as NKN’s own New Kind of CDN make it possible for modern streaming applications to provide great performance at scale. This video takes a closer look at how CDNs work and why they are important for any online website, application, or service. Check out the video on our YouTube Channel or read more about NKN’s nCDN solution on our product page.NKN 2.0 Announcement Coming soon!We are putting the finishing touches on our plans for NKN 2.0 with announcements planned for later this month. Make sure to follow us on Twitter, Telegram, and the official NKN Blog for the latest NKN news.About NKNNKN is the new kind of P2P network connectivity protocol & ecosystem powered by a novel public blockchain. We use economic incentives to motivate Internet users to share network connections and utilize unused bandwidth. NKN’s open, efficient, and robust networking infrastructure enables application developers to build the decentralized Internet so everyone can enjoy secure, low cost, and universally accessible connectivity.Home: https://nkn.org/Email: contact@nkn.orgTelegram: https://t.me/nknorgTwitter: https://twitter.com/NKN_ORGBlog: https://blog.nkn.orgForum: https://forum.nkn.orgMedium: https://medium.com/nknetworkLinkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/nknetwork/Github: https://github.com/nknorgDiscord: https://discord.gg/yVCWmkCYouTube: http://www.youtube.com/c/NKNORGNKN Bi-weekly Report June 1 — June 15, 2020 was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 06. 18

Rule110: Open API for NKN D...

Rule110 NKN OpenAPIWith the upcoming release of NKN 2.0, the community developer scene is growing strongly. Recently the developers of the community-known NKNx ecosystem ChrisT and lightmyfire and the creator of nStatus, Mutsi, decided to join force and form the first NKN Open-Source community called “Rule110”.“Rule110 is an approach to get more developers involved into the NKN blockchain. For this we will take more than 90% of our work, document it and open source it” says Chris. “We have all been working with NKN for a long time now and I think it is time to bring community development to the next level.”The team has already released the NKN open API — a project based on the NKNx API that leads the way to an easy-to-use programming interface for developers. “We believe that everyone should benefit from our long-term research in NKN. Rule110 gives tech-interested people a place for learning and get help for their projects.” comments Mutsi. Also, we asked the team about upcoming projects. “Development on the remapped NKN-explorer is already finished, so that release will come in the next few weeks. Also there will be a revamped wallet-app and of course a vanity service for generating cool Wallet addresses. I’m sure much more will come in the future” says lightmyfire.NKN Community Project built on Rule110 OpenAPI“Blockchain explorers have always been a centralized point in most blockchain ecosystems. NKN open API solves this problem by making it extremely easy for developers to host such a service and build more stuff upon it, which is critical for further decentralizing and extending the ecosystem.” says Yilun, CTO of NKN. Currently the NKN team is already running an instance of the NKN open API and will provide it as a public service.The repositories of rule110 are available here:https://github.com/rule110-io/About NKNNKN is the new kind of P2P network connectivity protocol & ecosystem powered by a novel public blockchain. We use economic incentives to motivate Internet users to share network connections and utilize unused bandwidth. NKN’s open, efficient, and robust networking infrastructure enables application developers to build the decentralized Internet so everyone can enjoy secure, low cost, and universally accessible connectivity.Developers can start with our Developer Portal or GitHub page:https://www.nkn.org/developer/index.htmlhttps://github.com/nknorgFun facts about Rule 110The Rule 110 is an elementary cellular automaton with interesting behavior on the boundary between stability and chaos, as Wolfram calls “Class 4 behavior” or “Edge of Chaos”. Localized structures appear and interact in complex ways.Rule 110 is known to be Turing complete. This implies that, in principle, any calculation or computer program can be simulated using this automaton.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rule_110Rule110: Open API for NKN Developers was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 06. 11

How Will 5G Change The Worl...

Wireless city futureThe world is set to make an unprecedented change. Perhaps the start of the fourth industrial revolution will be 5G internet. This is the next evolutionary stage in internet speed, latency, and reliability. It will change the way we do business, the way we use social media, and even the way we game.Already, proponents predict we will be able to download whole movies and Netflix series in a matter of seconds. We’ll be able to upload photos from our smartphones in milliseconds. 5G will also change the way technology works, chief among them all-electric cars. But how will it change the world?What exactly is 5G?Internet cell tower5G will be a higher frequency but short-range cellular internet. This means that although you will have a smaller radius from cellphone towers before you start slowing down, it will give you super-fast speeds. The solution is to erect more towers. So when you are almost out of the range of one tower, another tower will automatically pick you up. The plan is to make sure you never feel a difference. The speeds will be up to 2–3 times quicker than the current 4G network. It’s also touted that 5G uses less power per bit, which is better for businesses who have an internet of things network.Related: 5G and the New Kind of NetworkHow Does 5G work?From the central server, the 5G macro towers will connect with all the devices that hook up to it. This can be, cars, smartphones, computer systems in buildings, and the family household. Operating at a higher frequency allows for more data to be sent, quicker than 4G.The downside is, as aforementioned, that the 5G masts have a shorter range. Much like radar, low-frequency waves travel much further. 5G networks use the new high frequency mmWave or millimeter-wave. Because of this, the serving coverage is shorter for each 5G base station and operators will need to increase the number of base stations to cover the same distance in order to avoid drops in internet coverage.Looking for assistance with network sharing? NKN are experts and they can help!Who provides 5G? How do millimeter waves interact with technology? What is the difference between 5G and previous networks?SmartphonesContrary to popular belief, there isn’t a wave of 5G providers just over the horizon. Any significant change in technology is always going to be incredibly expensive. The most significant players with skin in the game are Vodafone, Qualcomm, Samsung, ZTE, Nokia, Huawei, Cisco Systems, and others. The challenge is, creating a high-frequency millimeter-wave at an affordable price. This new wave interacts with technology by demanding a higher refresh rate for the data to be continuously updated and received. It will also have a higher capacity so more users can connect to the same macro tower. The main differences between 5G and 4G are a lot more speed, multi-task capability, and beamforming, which will isolate waves and send them more directly to those connected. In other words, fewer cut-outs.A brief comparison of 1G, 2G,3G, 4G, and 5G1G (Analog Cellular such as NMT) started in the 70s and was implemented in the early 80s. It had a bandwidth of 30KHz and a data speed of just 2 kbps. It was mostly used for voice communication, and only for a few that could afford it. Do you still remember those bulky brick-like Motorola cell phones with stick-out antennas that assistants carry for their boss? But that paved the way for more generations of wireless communication.In 1980 2G (Digital Cellular such as GSM and CDMA) came online and lasted until 1999. For the first time, it enables mass-market adoption of mobile communication because it offered much smaller and affordable phones and subscriptions. 2G is still voice-centric, since It didn’t have much to offer in the way of online content. It had a maximum bandwidth of 64kpbs. One of the few services, short message service (SMS) or text message, became the accidental mass market success that has lasted until today.3G was released in 1990 but lasted until very recently. It improved the quality of voice calls, while significantly increasing data speed. This enabled full web access (instead of limited mobile abridged version in 2G) and started the true wireless Internet. Building upon the global standards, it enabled affordable wireless communication to everyone from Scandinavian to Sub-Saharan Africa.4G was the Jack of all trades, with LTE leading the technological revolution. It had a frequency of up to 8Ghz and a bandwidth of anywhere between 2,000mbps to 1Gbps. The main contribution of 4G over 3G was substantial speed and latency improvements for mobile Internet. During the reign of 4G, which is still dominant today, mobile Internet traffic and commerce revenue are starting to eclipse that of fixed Internet.What 5G wants to do is simply blow them all out of the water. Rather than an incremental improvement, it’s going for capabilities 2 to 3 times more than 4G. At a frequency of 30Ghz and 1Gbps or higher in bandwidth, 5G aims to enable a new breed of mobile applications from consumer use (Augmented Reality / Virtual Reality, 4K/8K video streaming, autonomous cars) to industrial (Internet of Things, Machine to Machine communication, and high speed robotics).If you are looking for a publish and subscribe service? If so NKN offers nPubSub which can meet your needs!How will 5G change the modern world?So how will this giant leap in technology change the world? In just about every way you can think of. Imagine being able to watch movies in 4K while on the train, commuting to work. Imagine being able to download entire video games in a couple of minutes. Imagine being able to use all your devices at the same time, at the peak of their performance, without missing a single beat. This is what 5G is setting out to offer.Currently, 5G connecting technologies are being offered in the latest mobile phones. The Samsung S20 is a prime example. While the current reported bandwidth are ranging from 1 to 3GBps and 5G towers are only just being erected, it’s hard to tell if they are working at optimum settings and whether or not the technology in smartphones can fully harness the potential.The data-centric future of 5G looks set to be taking full advantage of the cloud. With so much data moving through the servers and firewalls, it’s going to be tricky to keep data protected from cybercriminals. According to NKN Official Blog, there will also be a lot of slicing and sharing between networks. Companies will need to share masts and or figure out a way to profit from sharing users.Related: 5G Enables NKN to Connect Real EconomyCriticism of 5GThere are some health concerns about 5G, regarding the frequency some of the 5G systems operate in (millimeter wave), and the densification of 5G small cells. So far there is no conclusive research results that 5G will impact health more or less than existing cellular systems like 3G and 4G. For more information, here are some balanced articles:“5G Is Coming: How Worried Should We Be about the Health Risks?” by Scientific American, September 2019https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/5g-is-coming-how-worried-should-we-be-about-the-health-risks/“Does 5G pose health risks?” by BBC, July 2019https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-48616174Where is 5G currently available?Some nations are moving ahead with 5G quicker than others. Currently, there are trials of 5G networks in America, namely 31 cities such as San Diego, New York City, and Los Angeles. In the UK, Vodafone is expanding its implementation in London, Cardiff, and Manchester. China is thrusting it’s 5G network in Beijing and the neighboring cities.5G networks are set to change the world. Still, it’s not a case of technology, more so the cost of infrastructure and security, that is slowing its implementation.Our world is more connected than ever, even when pandemics are separating us physically. 5G is not a panacea, but it will make our connection faster and more secure. We look forward to more innovations around 5G that can increase industrial productivity and improve human life.How Will 5G Change The World? What You Need To Know was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 06. 10

NKN Bi-weekly Report May 16...

NKN Bi-weekly Report May 16 — May 30, 2020Juicy fruit of NKN, by TomHighlightsContent Delivery in 2020New Encrypted-Stream LibraryNew Features Available on Community Built NKNx Explorer2020 Scheduled Tokens UnlockedJune will be a hot month: NKN 2.0 incoming!Mainnet technical development updatesLatest Mainnet Stats June 2, 2020:🌐 38 countries & regions🏭 176 ISPs or cloud providers💻 15,703 full consensus nodesThe latest stable release for mainnet is v1.1.7-beta(https://github.com/nknorg/nkn/releases )Content Delivery in 2020Content Delivery 2020 | NKNOn May 27th, NKN published the article, “Content Delivery in 2020” as part of its nLearning series on the official NKN blog. Online services use CDNs to overcome limitations within the Internet infrastructure to improve the end user experience and provide nearly instantaneous access to content. The article looks at the CDN solutions available in 2020, including NKN’s own nCDN, as well as the performance and business benefits these solutions can have for any online website, application, or service.New Encrypted-Stream LibraryEncrypted Steam Go Lang library by NKNNKN CTO, Yilun Zhang, has created a new Golang Library called encrypted-stream which transforms any net.Conn or io.ReadWriter stream to an encrypted and/or authenticated stream. The library will be used as part of TUNA, NKN’s network tunneling service, for end to end encryption. Check out encrypted-stream and other open source NKN projects at: https://github.com/nknorgNew Features on Community Built NKNx ExplorerNKNx explorerOn May 31st, the community built NKNx blockchain explorer was updated to provide new sigchain and websocket features. Now, users can see the rewarded node right in the sigchain window. In addition, the explorer is now using a new, free websocket feature with faster access to block information. Visit the NKNx explorer at https://explorer.nknx.org/2020 Scheduled Tokens UnlockedNKN Token EconomicsOn May 28th, the 2nd round of tokens were unlocked for the NKN Foundation and the team in accordance with the NKN economic model and schedule:Foundation: 170,000,000 in total1st unlock: 56,666,667, May 28th, 20192nd unlock: 56,666,667, May 28th, 20203rd unlock: 56,666,667, May 28th, 2021Team/Developer: 180,000,000 in total1st unlock: 60,000,000, May 28th, 20192nd unlock: 60,000,000, May 28th, 20203rd unlock: 60,000,000, May 28th, 2021The NKN Foundation and Team have no immediate plans to move these unlocked tokens, either for internal use or for external use. We do not plan to sell any of the team or foundation tokens on exchanges in the foreseeable future, since we have enough funds for ongoing operations.We welcome everyone to continue to monitor our foundation and team wallets.June will be a hot month: NKN 2.0 incoming!Hot summer: kids playing in fountainAs the weather gets hotter, we have a lot of sizzling news to look forward to. June 2020 will be an action packed month due to NKN 2.0 launching with a torrent of technical and commercial hits. To give a high level hint:Security audit reportNKN 2.0 MainnetnMobile iOS and AndroidNKN Commercial software releaseNKN Roadmap: Beyond 2020About NKNNKN is the new kind of P2P network connectivity protocol & ecosystem powered by a novel public blockchain. We use economic incentives to motivate Internet users to share network connections and utilize unused bandwidth. NKN’s open, efficient, and robust networking infrastructure enables application developers to build the decentralized Internet so everyone can enjoy secure, low cost, and universally accessible connectivity.Home: https://nkn.org/Email: contact@nkn.orgTelegram: https://t.me/nknorgTwitter: https://twitter.com/NKN_ORGBlog: https://blog.nkn.orgForum: https://forum.nkn.orgMedium: https://medium.com/nknetworkLinkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/nknetwork/Github: https://github.com/nknorgDiscord: https://discord.gg/yVCWmkCYouTube: http://www.youtube.com/c/NKNORGNKN Bi-weekly Report May 16 — May 30, 2020 was originally published in #NKN on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

NKN

20. 06. 04

Transaction History
Transaction History Address
Binance Short cut
IDEX Short cut
Bittrex Short cut
Huobi Global Short cut
Upbit Short cut
Security verification

There is security verification of the project
Why security verification is necessary?

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Information
Platform ERC20
Accepting
Hard cap -
Audit -
Stage -
Location -