SpaceChain

커뮤니티기반 항공 우주 플랫폼

home link https://spacechain.com/

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SPC
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To be released
Project introduction

위성을 발사하여 인터넷이 불가능한 사각지대 및 어디서든 블록체인 시스템을 활용하여 전 세계적으로 공유하는 공공 통신 인프라와 매우 유사한 네트워크 인프라를 구축을 목표로 합니다.

Executives and partners

Zee Zheng

Co-founder & CEO

Jeff Garzik

Co-founder & CTO

Nick Trudgen

CCO & SpaceChain UK Director

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Medium

Technical Summary of the CR...

Over the past year, the SpaceChain Technical Team has been focused on creating and launching a Bitcoin multisig payload to the International Space Station (ISS). This payload will demonstrate new levels of cybersecurity for transactions and new paradigms in asset custody.In a standard terrestrial blockchain transaction, one private key is used to complete a transaction which is then broadcast to the network. If that private key becomes known by a malicious entity, all of the funds can be lost. Multisig (multisignature) technology requires more than one private key approval in order to authorise a transaction, rendering the transaction vastly more secure than standard single-signature methods. Furthermore, multisig mechanism provides an effective way of managing accounts/assets that are jointly held by multiple parties. The SpaceChain implementation adds the remoteness and security of low-Earth orbit infrastructure to multisig to create something entirely new.A SpaceChain multisig transaction looks like this: a user creates a space multisig wallet and then initiates a transaction. Subsequently, the transaction is approved with his/her private key. The transaction is then sent up to the low-Earth orbit infrastructure, in this case the ISS, and the payload there approves the transaction with the private key that is generated and stored there. The transaction is then sent down to be broadcasted to the wider network to be included in the blockchain.With the SpaceChain payload, it is highly improbable that an attacker can gain physical access to the device, since it runs in orbit around the earth. In addition, the measurement, control and data transmission of the space payload uses the aerospace-specific encryption protocol, which makes the data very hard to be decrypted. Our payload also adopts the hardware architecture dedicated for the aerospace industry, increasing the difficulty of cracking due to the vast difference compared to terrestrial hardware. Furthermore, the private keys are only generated once after our bitcoin multisig payload is installed in the ISS. In addition, these private keys are stored in the bitcoin multisig payload which cannot be accessed by either SpaceChain or any other terrestrial parties. These processes make the transaction much more secure because it creates additional barriers for an attacker to overcome.The SpaceChain bitcoin multisig payload facilitates transactions and is not a full archival node meant to store all the transactions starting from the Bitcoin genesis block. This is a demonstration of cold storage multisig capabilities being extended to the low Earth orbit, the ISS and the new space economy.Technical Summary of the CRS-19 ISS Mission was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 09. 08

SpaceChain August 2020 Mont...

ANNOUNCEMENTSSpaceChain Executes First Multisignature Blockchain Transaction In Space With GomSpace HardwareWe are proud to announce the successful execution of the first multisignature blockchain transaction in space, marking the completion of a significant milestone supported by the European Space Agency (ESA) Space Solutions as a Kick-start Activity. The transaction was performed by SpaceChain co-founder and CTO Jeff Garzik. Read the full press release here.COMMUNITY ACTIVITIESTelegram AMA with CEO Zee Zheng & CTO Jeff GarzikOn Aug 27, SpaceChain CEO Zee Zheng and CTO Jeff Garzik held an AMA on our telegram channel to answer questions from the community. If you missed the AMA, check out the compiled list of Q&A here.SpaceChain Dec 2019 launch overview videohttps://medium.com/media/e112f38564335dbc0c7808a5479ad8d7/hrefThe SpaceChain team recounts their experiences watching the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launch to the International Space Station (ISS) on 5 December 2019. They also share more about SpaceChain’s ISS mission and how they are leveraging decentralised blockchain technology to break down barriers for the development of mutual infrastructure for all. Plus, get more insight into SpaceChain’s multisignature blockchain hardware technology, and how they are using space and satellites to ensure more secure bitcoin transactions.WORTH READINGThe Moon, Mars and Beyond: Outer Space Tourism and Converting Water to FuelWe sat down with SpaceChain CCO Nick Trudgen to dive deeper into his professional background and his push towards the space and blockchain fields. In this interview, Nick tells it all about the development of the blockchain industries and the obstacles surrounding this technology.The Multisignature Wallet: Shaping the Next Wave of Personal FinanceHave you heard of a multisignature wallet? It has a number of useful applications to being more secure than a conventional single key wallet, making it substantially more difficult for the wallet to be compromised. We give you three reasons why each and every one of you should sign up for one moving forward.TECHNICAL PROGRESSSpace node software developmentDeveloped the communication module between Linux OS and SPC OS. The communication module includes the communication protocols, data encapsulation and interface analysis.Developed the RSA encryption algorithms and updated the communications protocols. Started joint tests with our partner.Completed the software test on our dummy board. The test focused on node initialization and data transmission. We have compressed the new version of space node software and also completed the draft of the revised software deployment manual.SPC server architecture designDeveloped the RSA encryption of the SPC server interface. The transaction data is now encrypted by RSA algorithm.Summarizing documents which will be published on our GitHub.Developed communication protocols with the partner’s ground station, including the node initialization and multisignature transaction. Started the joint testing.Tested the updated SPC server. We are optimizing these functions and will test these functions with tge partner.Solved the issues during the tests of SPC server with the dummy board.Discussing the possibility of the new SpaceChain server architecture.Check our report every first week of the month for SpaceChain’s latest news and progress, and subscribe to our newsletter!SpaceChain August 2020 Monthly Report was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 09. 01

SpaceChain 2020년 7월 월간보고서

커뮤니티 활동우주 폐기물 관리 계획블록체인 기술을 통한 우주 폐기물 관리는 수많은 프로젝트와 서로 다른 이해관계자들 사이에서 우주쓰레기 데이터 수집과 우주 쓰레기 관리성 향상과 안전한 데이터 공유의 상당한 가능성을 제시하기 때문에 이번 개척 작업의 주요 축으로 선정된다.분산된 하이브리드 블록체인이 서로 다른 이해 관계자들 간의 안전한 공유를 가능하게 한다고 믿는다면, 이 프로젝트를 주의 깊게 살펴보십시오!Part3. Zee와의 BTCBoxE 인터뷰Zee는 암호화폐가 중앙은행에 미치는 영향과 궁극적으로 전통적인 통화정책과의 비교에 대해 그의 견해를 BTCBoxE인터뷰에서 공유한다. 또한, 당신은 암호화폐의 가장 중요한 점이 가격과 유동성이라는 것에 동의하는가? 여기에서 전체 인터뷰 내용을 읽어 보십시오.Clayming Space: Alessandra Albano 와 함께한 우주의 블록체인Clayming Space 는 국경 지역의 관리, 정책, 경제, 지정학, 기술 등의 이슈를 논의하기 위해 모인 다양한 분야의 전문가 커뮤니티다. 파트1과 2의 팟캐스트 시리즈에서는 Alessandra Albano가 블록체인을 우주에서 사용하는 방법과 미래에 대해 자세히 다루고 있다.Worth reading블록체인이 사람들을 우주로 보내는 데 어떻게 도움을 줄 것인가.한 가지 다른 핵심은 Tokenization에 가능성이 높기 때문에 환경 친화적인 교대나 다양한 주택 자산에 대한 커뮤니케이션을 추가로 허용할 수 있다. Aravind Ravichandran 은 가정 토큰화가 세 가지 광범위한 계층으로 분류될 것이라고 예측한다. 기사에서 알아내 보세요!분산형 위성 인프라지난 10년 동안 우리는 우주산업에 진출하는 수많은 기업들과 함께 우주 상업화의 패러다임이 바뀌는 것을 목격했다. 항상 DSI (Decentralized Satellite Infrastructure)의 창설을 위한 제휴 컨소시엄을 구축하는 것이 Spacechain 의 목표였다. 여러 관할구역의 LEO(Low Earth Organes) 에서 소유하고 운용하는 메시 네트워크에 대해 자세한 내용을 알아보려면 기사를 읽어보세요!물체를 궤도에 유지하는 물리학우주 여행을 둘러싼 모든 경외감 속에서, 열광하는 사람들은 종종 가장 경이로운 것들 중 하나를 무시한다. — 인간이 만든 물체가 우주에 도달하여 그곳에 머물 수 있도록 하는 기초 과학; 인간이 만든 물체가 어떻게 우주에 도달하여 그곳에 머무르는지 궁금하다면 더 깊이 잠수해 보십시오!기술 진행률스페이스 노드 소프트웨어 개발· 서명 결과 계산 프로세스 수정 및 스페이스 노드 소프트웨어에서의 서명 메커니즘 수정 완료· SpaceChain OS와 Linux OS사이의 통신 모듈 인터페이스 개발 및 통신 프로토콜 설계 프로세스 완료.스페이스 체인 서버 아키텍처 업데이트· 위성 서비스 제공업체로부터 API매뉴얼을 전달받아 지상국 허가 할당 기능 개발 완료· 지상국과 SpaceChain서버 간의 통신 프로토콜에 대해 서비스 제공업체와 논의. 현재, 이 팀은 통신 프로토콜을 설계하고 있다.· S3에 기반한 파일 전송 메커니즘 개발. 또한 거래 메커니즘을 약간 수정하고, 의무적이었던 24시간 지연을 없애며, 인터페이스 설계와 테스트를 완료헀다.· SpaceChain서버의 데이터 전송 메커니즘 업데이트. 데이터 파일은 24시간 지연없이 지상국으로 즉시 전송할 수 있다. 이 거래는 곧바로 블록체인 네트워크로 중계할 수 있으며, 기능들을 시험중에 있다.스페이스체인의 최신뉴스와 진행 상황에 대한 월간 보고서를 매월 첫째 주에 확인하고 뉴스레터를 구독하십시오!SpaceChain 2020년 7월 월간보고서 was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 08. 31

SpaceChain AMA with Zee & J...

SpaceChain AMA with Zee & Jeff — Aug 28, 2020On Aug 28, the community came together on SpaceChain’s telegram channel to ask CEO Zee Zheng and CTO Jeff Garzik questions. We have compiled the AMA here from our SpaceChain English Community Telegram Group. Thank you for your participation.1. Can you outline the goals and activities for the rest of 2020 and early 2021?Zee: For SpaceChain, 2020 started with very strong momentum. Our ISS (International Space Station) launch last December helped validate our technology. We gained a lot of traction and recognition from our customers and partners. Unfortunately, the COVID-19 pandemic happened and there were some plans we had to pause or delay. However, we are still going ahead really strong. We are expecting another two launches with SpaceX vehicle in the next 9 to 12 months. We are also kicking off a couple of other blockchain and space projects with European Space Agency, Innovate UK and Enterprise Singapore. So stay tune.2. What are a few challenges SpaceChain is facing?Zee:We are leading the industry to explore the integration of blockchain and space technologies, so there is a lot of education that needs to be done. But, we are glad that we have made a lot of progress in that area. Last year, we collaborated with Satellite Applications Catapult to host a blockchain satellite education workshop in Oxford. And this year we did another workshop with Singapore Space Technology Association during GSTC 2020. It is exciting to see an increasing number of people who are interested in what we are doing.The space industry is very traditional and generally slow, while the blockchain industry is growing at a significant rate. To coordinate resources from both industries have been a challenge. We have been working with top institutions in the space industry and truly gained a lot of help as a startup.We have an awesome team that achieved a lot in the past three years, and we are looking forward to growing bigger and bigger. It has been difficult finding technical talents that understand both space and blockchain technologies. If you do know of anyone, do contact our admin.3. One thing I think you guys can improve on is promoting SpaceChain using social media and YouTube influencers. How are you guys getting the word out for this amazing project?Zee: Thank you so much for the advice. We have been doing AMAs, blog posts and social media campaigns frequently. And we are quite active on Twitter. Please follow our Twitter account at https://twitter.com/SpaceChain.4. How are you guys coming along for new exchanges? Out here in the U.S., we have no access for purchasing SPC tokens.Jeff: We are investigating what it takes to connect our token to Uniswap and other DEX exchanges for wider token access. I think plugging the SPC token into DeFi exchanges, and loans and other products will help with that.5. Blockstream recently sent bitcoin to an ex-NASA astronaut (on Earth) from space. So how is SpaceChain the first?Jeff: Our transaction was first, but we could not publicize it for several weeks.Zee: It is also different. The transaction we did was signed by an actual hardware that is installed inside the International Space Station. However, what Blockstream did was to utilize a satellite to broadcast blockchain information.6. Are you building a constellation of satellites? Isn’t it similar to what SpaceX’s Starlink is doing?Zee: We are not building our own constellation. However, we wish to work with other space companies to build a constellation that will be a decentralized infrastructure.Jeff: The Decentralized Satellite Infrastructure (DSI) is a mesh network in space. A blockchain registry is used to store public keys that enable satellite encryption in the network. This provides an economic, authentication and governance layer for any satellite owner to join the network as a node. This also allows multiple different types of satellites to form a single uber constellation, enabling multiple payloads on multiple satellites with multiple owners and tenants.The satellite industry has been single owner, single payload and single tenant for decades, and now that is changing. The DSI working group connects with launch partners, satellite manufacturing partners, and customers, and brings them all together. Users use the network by sending a request to a satellite via the blockchain enabled mesh network. Blockchain token payments are sent alongside the payload request, paying the satellite owner for their time.7. When can coin-related companies and ordinary people store BTC, ETH, and SPC in the space wallet?Zee: It is already happening. Like I mentioned earlier, we are having two SpaceX launches in the next 9 to 12 months, made possible by our exchange and wallet partners. For the last launch, we focused on Bitcoin. For future launches, we are going to expand to more blockchains and tokens, such as ETH, standard ERC tokens, and stable coins etc.8. Coin exchange hacking occurs frequently. Do you think the hacking problem can be solved by using SpaceChain’s space blockchain technology, which has a low transmission speed but high security?Zee: Hacking is one of the biggest threats for cryptocurrency. However, it is a common misunderstanding that “bitcoin was hacked”. It is wrong. Bitcoin was operating as it was designed, and it was always the people that do not manage it well that causes the cryptocurrency to get stolen. We are using our multisignature space technology to reduce human errors, provide longer time for responses and trace funds, and also offer an alternative method to transmit data when there is a critical or a large transaction to be done.9. How can we start building on SpaceChain’s technology and accessing the nodes to build our own apps? What is the process like and how does token utility come into play?Zee: We are releasing a SpaceChain hardware board for development. There will also be developer guideline released on GitHub. Our marketing team is working hard on preparing all the essential materials that you need for development and connecting with SpaceChain’s technology. Please follow our social channels for more details.10. What do you think are the advantages of blockchain in space than on Earth?Zee: There are still many places that do not have land infrastructure. And, blockchain in space can help as it is accessible through satellite infrastructure.* Note: This compilation of AMA questions & answers have been carefully revised to improve the grammar and readability.For more the latest updates, follow up on our social channels or subscribe to our newsletter at https://spacechain.com/subscribe.SpaceChain AMA with Zee & Jeff — Aug 28, 2020 was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 08. 28

The Multisignature Wallet: ...

Photo by Shane Avery on UnsplashWith the global digital economy advancing at breakneck speeds, one of the most significant issues that innovators have had to grapple with is that of security. No industry is immune to the threat of cybercrimes, spawning entire teams of policy makers and regulators who are constantly creating new ways to remain one step ahead of financial fraud in today’s connected world.One way to combat this problem is by using the multisignature wallet — a secure storage medium for managing digital assets such as cryptocurrencies. Essentially, a multisig wallet adds layers of security to protect your digital assets, just like a joint bank account would in the physical world.Here are three reasons why each and every one of you should sign up for one moving forward:Keeps your digital assets more secure with multiple signaturesMoving back to the issue of cyber security, hackers of today are using sophisticated means of social engineering such as phishing to coerce their targets into providing their passwords for criminal purposes. This risk is highly negated when more than one signature is required to access your funds.The multisig wallet requires two or more sign-offs for any transaction to take place, reducing risks of theft or misappropriation considerably. Security is also enhanced by increasing the number of signatures.Gives you access to your funds even if you lose one passwordThere is no central repository of passwords for digital assets — this essentially means that with a single authentication account, no one can help you retrieve your password if it’s lost. According to the Wall Street Journal, a fifth of all Bitcoin (approximately US$20 billion as of 2018) is lost permanently. The multisig wallet wants to solve this issue.Using a simple analogy, say you sign up for a two-of-three signature wallet (where a minimum of two signatures are necessary to access the account), you may decide to keep one password on your computer, one written on a piece of paper in a safe deposit box and the third in your mobile phone.If you lose either your phone or computer, you can still access you funds with the other two keys kept in separate locations securely. And, if someone steals your phone, he/she will also need access to your computer or the safe deposit box to log into your account — the probability of this is highly unlikely.Protects you from security threats and facilitates better business processesCompanies that transact heavily in digital assets, for example, may not want one board member to have sole rights of funds at any given time. If they sign up for a four-of-five wallet, a board with five members will need the majority (80%) to agree before any financial decision is made. The adoption of such wallets will reduce the chance of internal fraud and disputes considerably.Though it is unlikely that the private keys of four of those five wallets are stolen, this undesirable situation may still take place, leading to the theft or misappropriate use of the wallet.Image by Free-Photos from PixabayTo further improve the security of a multisig service, SpaceChain uses a space node as one of the parties to approve a multisig transaction. The risk of physically destroying the space node is reduced greatly as it runs on orbit around the earth. In addition, the measurement, control and data transmission of the space node uses the aerospace-specific code encryption protocol and communication band, making the data hard to be decrypted.The space node also uses the hardware architecture and operating system tailored for the aerospace industry, which increases the difficulty of cracking. Thus, space nodes are one of the best choices for third-party nodes for multisig transactions.On December 5, 2019, SpaceChain launched a testbed for a two-of-three multisig transaction authentication in space aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from the Kennedy Space Center. The payload was sent to the International Space Station and is the first blockchain hardware installed there. Read more here.Upon activation, the payload will demonstrate the receipt, authorisation, and retransmission of blockchain multisig transactions. SpaceChain’s implementation adds the remoteness and security of space infrastructure to blockchain technology to lay the foundation for a new generation of products built on its technology.Follow us on Twitter for more updates. To get interesting content about the project and development in the New Space Economy, subscribe to our newsletter here. You can also keep up-to-date with SpaceChain’s exciting developments via the Updates section of our website or join in the conversations on our Telegram channel.The Multisignature Wallet: Shaping the Next Wave of Personal Finance was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 08. 27

SpaceChain, 우주에서 최초의 다중 서명 ...

— 이 성과로 ESA 킥-스타트 활동 프로그램의 일환으로 핀테크 애플리케이션과 사업 거래를 위한 분산 궤도 배치를 만들고자 하는 SpaceChain의 비전이 한층 더 발전돼(하웰, 영국 2020년 8월 18일PRNewswire=연합뉴스) SpaceChain UK Limited (SpaceChain)가 우주에서 최초의 다중 서명(multisignature) 블록체인 거래를 성공적으로 수행하고, 유럽 우주국(European Space Agency, ESA) 킥-스타트 활동 우주 솔루션이 지원하는 중요한 이정표를 완료했다고 오늘 발표했다. SpaceChain 공동 설립자 겸 CTO Jeff Garzik이 이 거래를 수행했다. 거래 전표 는 대중이 볼 수 있도록 공개됐다.2019년 12월, SpaceChain은 Nanoracks를 통해 SpaceX Falcon 9 로켓을 타고 국제 우주 정거장(International Space Station, ISS)으로 블록체인 다중 서명 인증 서비스 시험대를 발사했다.이 다중 서명 거래는 ISS에 설치된 블록체인 하드웨어를 통해 진행됐다. 여기에는 최첨단 데이터 처리를 위해 설계되고, GomSpace 가 공급한 강력한 온보드 컴퓨터 가 사용됐다.이번 ISS 시범은 Nanoracks 와 Nanoracks가 NASA와 체결한 우주 계약 덕분에 가능했다. Nanoracks는 자사의 Nanolab 플랫폼을 통해 필요한 전문지식과 기술을 제공하고, 우주 연구와 테스트에 도움이 되는 우주 활용을 위한 효율적인 방식을 구축했다.SpaceChain 공동 설립자 겸 CTO Jeff Garzik은“이번에 우주에서 다중 서명 거래를 수행함으로써 안전하고 변경 불가능한 개방 소스 블록체인 기반 위성망을 구축하고자 하는 자사의 노력을 선보였다”라며 “자사의 목적은 블록체인과 우주 통합을 위한 원스톱 솔루션 공급업체가 되는 것”이라고 말했다. 이어 그는 “앞으로 우주에서 블록체인 기반 위성망 이용 사례를 계속 더 많이 찾아냄으로써, 블록체인이 대규모로 채택되기를 희망한다”라고 덧붙였다.SpaceChain은 우주에 있는 블록체인 하드웨어와 지구에 있는 육지 기반시설 간에 견고하고 믿을 수 있는 연결성을 보장하고자 엄격한 테스트를 진행했다. 우주 기반시설의 원격성과 보안성을 추가함으로써, 디지털 은행과 핀테크 기업을 위한 기술과 이용 사례를 기반으로 새로운 디지털 상품을 만들 수 있다.다중 서명 거래를 시작하자마자 암호화된 데이터가 지상국을 통해 ISS로 안전하게 전송됐다. ISS는 거래를 확인하고 승인하는데 필요한 개인 키를 보유하고 있다.GomSpace CEO Niels Buus는“SpaceChain이 자사를 주요 블록체인 하드웨어 지갑 공급업체로 선정한 것은 큰 영광”이라며 “이번에 우주에서 최초의 다중 서명 블록체인 거래가 성공했다. 이는 전례 없는 데이터 처리 능력으로 우주에서 분산 배치를 지원하는 온보드 컴퓨터의 역량을 증명하는 것”이라고 강조했다. 이어 그는 “이 성과로 상업 시장에서 우주 시스템과 서비스를 이용하기 위한 추진력이 만들어졌다”면서 “SpaceChain이 우주를 넘어 목표를 달성하도록 지원하고자 자사의 혁신 기술을 더 통합할 계획”이라고 설명했다.SpaceChain은 평판이 좋은 동급 최고의 동맹 파트너들과 협력하며, 자사 플랫폼을 기반으로 애플리케이션을 계속 탐색 및 개발하고 있다. SpaceChain은 통합적인 우주 및 블록체인 기술을 위한 추가적인 보안성과 회복 탄력성을 제공하며, 이를 통해 미래 솔루션을 만들기 위한 견고한 기초를 구축한다.SpaceChain 소개SpaceChain은 신우주 경제를 위한 분산 기반시설을 촉진한다. SpaceChain은 우주와 블록체인 기술을 결합함으로써 우주 애플리케이션 개발을 더 용이하게 하고, 우주에 대한 접근성을 높이고 있다. SpaceChain UK Limited 는 SpaceChain Limited 의 자회사다. 추가 정보는 spacechain.com 을 참조한다.GomSpace 소개GomSpace는 신제품, 즉 전문 나노위성 혁신을 기반으로 하는 부품, 플랫폼 및 시스템을 출시함으로써 우주 시스템과 서비스를 위한 국제 시장에 참여하고자 하는 사명을 지닌 우주 기업이다. GomSpace는 티커 GOMX 하에 Nasdaq First North Premier 거래소에 상장돼 있다. FNCA Sweden AB는 GomSpace의 인증받은 자문사다. 추가 정보는 gomspace.com을 참조한다.유럽 우주국 소개유럽 우주국의 킥-스타트 활동 프로그램은 기업가와 스타트업이 사업 잠재력이 밝은 주제 영역을 더 쉽게 탐색하고, 우주 자산과 데이터에 의존하는 새로운 상업 서비스와 애플리케이션을 만들도록 지원한다. 유럽 우주국의 우주 솔루션이 제공하는 추가 자금으로 성공적인 킥-스타트 프로젝트를 더 발전시킬 수 있다. 추가 정보는 business.esa.int를 참조한다.출처: SpaceChainSpaceChain, 우주에서 최초의 다중 서명 블록체인 거래 수행 was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 08. 18

SpaceChain Executes First M...

Milestone advances SpaceChain vision of creating a decentralized orbital constellation for fintech applications and business transactions as part of the ESA Kick-start Activity programHARWELL, United Kingdom — August 18, 2020 — SpaceChain UK Limited (SpaceChain) today announced the successful execution of the first multisignature blockchain transaction in space, marking the completion of a significant milestone supported by the European Space Agency (ESA) Space Solutions as a Kick-start Activity. The transaction was performed by SpaceChain co-founder and CTO Jeff Garzik. The transaction slip has been made available for public viewing.In December 2019, SpaceChain launched a testbed for blockchain multisignature authentication service to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket via Nanoracks.The multisignature transaction was delivered through a blockchain hardware installed on the ISS — a powerful onboard computer supplied by GomSpace that was designed for state-of-the-art data processing.The ISS demonstration was also made possible by Nanoracks and its Space Act agreement with NASA. Nanoracks provided the necessary expertise and technology through its Nanolab platform, creating an efficient way for space utilization that is conducive for space research and testing.“Executing the multisignature transaction in space encapsulates our continuous efforts in building out an open-source blockchain-based satellite network that is secure and immutable,” said Jeff Garzik, SpaceChain co-founder and CTO. “SpaceChain aims to be the one-stop solutions provider for the integration of blockchain and space. As we continue to identify more use cases for blockchain-based satellite networks in space, we hope to bring blockchain to mass adoption.”SpaceChain has conducted stringent testing to ensure robust and reliable connectivity between the blockchain hardware in space and land-based infrastructure on Earth. With the added remoteness and security of space infrastructure, new digital products can be built upon the technology and use cases identified for digital banks and fintech companies.Upon initiating the multisignature transaction, the encrypted data was transmitted securely through a ground station to the ISS, which holds a private key to verify and approve the transaction.“It’s an incredible honor to be selected by SpaceChain as the main supplier for its blockchain hardware wallet. The success of the first multisignature blockchain transaction in space demonstrates the onboard computer’s capabilities in supporting decentralized constellations in space with unparalleled data processing performance,” said Niels Buus, CEO of GomSpace. “This milestone has built momentum for the use of space systems and services in the commercial market, and we are excited to further integrate our innovative technologies to help SpaceChain achieve its goals in space and beyond.”SpaceChain’s added security and resilience for integrated space and blockchain technology will provide a solid base for building out future solutions, as it continues to explore and develop applications based on its platform in collaboration with reputable and best-in-class alliance partners.About SpaceChainSpaceChain fosters decentralized infrastructure for the New Space Economy. By combining space and blockchain technologies SpaceChain is making the development of space applications easier and making space more accessible. SpaceChain UK Limited is a subsidiary of SpaceChain Limited. For more information, visit spacechain.com.About GomSpaceGomSpace is a space company with a mission to be engaged in the global market for space systems and services by introducing new products, i.e. components, platforms and systems based on innovation within professional nanosatellites. The Company is listed on the Nasdaq First North Premier exchange under the ticker GOMX. FNCA Sweden AB is the Company’s Certified Adviser. For more information, visit gomspace.com.About the European Space AgencyThe European Space Agency’s Kick-start Activity Program is designed to make it easier for entrepreneurs and start-ups to explore thematic areas with promising business potential and to create new commercial services and applications relying on space assets and data. Successful Kick-start projects can be further developed with additional funding from European Space Agency Space Solutions. For more information, visit business.esa.int.Media Contacts:Nicolette OngSpaceChainnicolette@spacechain.comTony TanAutonomy for SpaceChain+65 6570 9139tony@autonomy-consulting.comSpaceChain Executes First Multisignature Blockchain Transaction In Space With GomSpace Hardware was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 08. 18

The Moon, Mars and Beyond: ...

In our latest series of interviews with space and blockchain industry thought leaders, we caught up with SpaceChain’s Chief Commercial Officer and UK Director Nick Trudgen to tap into his experience and find out about the future of the space and blockchain industries.What is your professional background and your role at SpaceChain Foundation?Nick: I come from a background in business development, law, and international investment. Prior to joining SpaceChain Foundation, I led the international department for a multi-national law firm in both Beijing and Shanghai. I was responsible for their international strategy, and establishing and maintaining relations with the firm’s partners as well as clients in the US, Europe, and Middle East. I also had the honor of setting up the firm’s Space Group, the first dedicated space law department within a mainland China law firm.Being part of the founding team at SpaceChain Foundation, I’ve been leading the company’s international business development. I am responsible for establishing partnerships with private space companies and government agencies. As Director of SpaceChain UK, I also manage our team there, being the conduit for communication between the UK office and the Singapore and Beijing offices, maintaining regular contact with the relevant stakeholders in the UK such as the UK Space Agency, Deimos Space UK, and Satellite Applications Catapult.I’m also responsible for managing SpaceChain UK’s technology development projects with the European Space Agency, and Innovate UK, and coordinating the execution of such projects with our various partners.How does the UK office differ from the company’s other global offices? Are there different areas of focus within each center?Nick: It goes without saying that each international office has a specialisation or area of focus that supports the company as a whole.Our team in the UK office, based at the Satellite Applications Catapult at Harwell campus, focuses on space and blockchain technology research and development for the European market. The SpaceChain UK team is made up of well-respected engineers in the fields of software development, quantum communications, aerospace etc. The team works closely with the European Space Agency and a number of other partner organisations and companies to develop innovative technology solutions for the European space and blockchain market.The team in the Beijing office manages technical operations within mainland China, while the team in the Singapore office is primarily responsible for handling the financial, human resources, and technical project management for the company. They also focus on developing marketing and media campaigns as well as supporting SpaceChain’s US missions such as our launching of a payload to the ISS in December 2019.We understand that you’re fluent in Mandarin. Tell us a bit about how this has helped the company collaborate across UK-China trade and investment interests.Nick: This is one question I get asked a lot. I must say that having a grasp of a foreign language as well as understanding the nuisances of a whole new culture is always key to immersing oneself fully into the country’s work environment.The space industry is particularly international, with most companies and organisations collaborating with partners from across the globe and with supply chains that stem anywhere from the UK, US, China, Singapore to Europe.SpaceChain Foundation itself has a multicultural team, and being able to speak Mandarin is extremely useful when building strong relationships with partners and stakeholders from around the world. China is becoming increasingly important as a center for innovation in both space and blockchain sectors, with world-leading initiatives such as the Tiangong space station, Chang’e lunar missions, Beidou GPS, and the announcement of the digital Renminbi, national blockchain network, and China’s leading role in blockchain-related patents at the WIPO.Having a sound knowledge of the Chinese language definitely provides a window into this exciting market and enables SpaceChain and our international partners to collaborate more effectively.Nick at the Kennedy Space Centre in Cape Canaveral, Florida, viewing SpaceChain’s launch to the International Space Station.How is the space and blockchain industry scene in the UK in terms of adoption and advancements?Nick: When it comes to space technology, the UK is one of the world leaders, especially in the manufacturing of small satellites.Surrey Satellite Technology (SSTL), for example, is a pioneer in the development of small satellites using commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components and has achieved a range of world firsts. These include:The first modern microsatellite with in-orbit re-programmable computersFirst modular 50kg microsatellite designFirst satellites for South Korea, Portugal, Chile, Algeria, and NigeriaFirst microsatellite using GPS for onboard orbit determinationFirst microsatellite to take multispectral earth imagesFirst use of propulsion on a nanosatelliteFirst Galileo positioning satelliteFirst in-orbit demonstration of space debris capture (most recent).Looking towards the future, SSTL is planning the Lunar Pathfinder, a relay satellite for lunar missions that will be developed alongside the European Space Agency. We have a thriving space ecosystem centered within the Harwell space campus near Oxford, where the ESA European Centre for Space Applications and Telecommunications is located.The UK also played a crucial role at the beginning of the space age, through Goonhilly Earth Station’s role in broadcasting the Apollo moon landings and communicating with Telstar. Looking forward, it is also playing a key role in the development of the New Space Economy, with British company OneWeb building a mega constellation of internet satellites in low-earth orbit. The UK is also leading the way in Europe in the development of commercial spaceports, with horizontal and vertical launch locations currently being planned at Spaceport Cornwall, Space Hub Sutherland, and the Shetland Space Centre.In your opinion, how is the blockchain industry developing and where will it be in the next 10 years?Nick: After many years of hype, the blockchain industry is finally reaching a level of maturity where we are seeing a number of real-world applications across various sectors.When it comes to the space industry, SpaceChain and several other companies and organisations are developing innovative DLT solutions that leverage the potential benefits of blockchain technology. These cover the areas of transparency, efficiency, privacy, and resilience. It is definitely promising to see both NASA and the European Space Agency supporting the development of blockchain and DLT applications.NASA, for example, recently provided funding for the development of autonomous spacecraft that utilise blockchain to minimise human involvement. The European Space Agency has also provided funding for research into how blockchain can be used to verify the integrity and provenance of Earth Observation data.On the private enterprise front, companies such as ConsenSys Space, for example, is developing a project called TruSat which will utilise an open-source system to create a trusted distributed ledger of satellite orbital positions to help track space debris. In the US, SIMBA Chain is building a blockchain-based secure messaging and transaction platform for the Department of Defense.Over the next 10years, we are likely to see increased adoption of DLT across the space sector supply chain, as well as efforts by the ITU, IEEE, ISO etc to create common standards and protocols to ensure the security of distributed ledger technologies.What are the obstacles currently experienced across the blockchain industry?Nick: Adoption of blockchain technology — on a large scale — faces significant technical and regulatory challenges.In terms of its technology, there are issues with scalability and lack of interoperability. Also, due to blockchain’s distributed nature, transactions can be slow and inefficient, factors that limit its potential uses in real-world applications.The main regulatory challenges relate to issues of jurisdiction. This is because blockchain’s distributed ledger can cover many locations around the world, making it difficult to establish which jurisdictions’ laws and regulations apply. Various countries have faced difficulties in applying the existing regulatory framework, in particular in relation to digital assets and fundraising.There are also significant challenges in relation to privacy and data protection, with many arguing that blockchain technology is incompatible with the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation. For example, blockchain’s core attribute of enabling peer-to-peer transactions without the need for a central intermediary conflict with the central tenet of privacy law and data protection, which requires the safeguarding of users’ privacy and data.SpaceChain CCO and UK Director Nick Trudge at the World Internet China Conference 2019.What excites you the most about the space industry?Nick: The two things I’m most excited about are space tourism and the development of the lunar economy.It seems like the technology is already in place to make space tourism a reality. Virgin Galactic’s SpaceShipTwo recently completed its first flight over Spaceport America and the company has already sold out of tickets for its initial round of flights, with each trip costing 250,000 USD.There is clearly a big demand among potential space tourists and in the long term, space tourism will likely evolve into point-to-point suborbital space travel around the globe. Richard Branson has already spoken of Virgin Galactic’s plan to explore point-to-point travel in partnership with Boeing.Various countries are also planning to explore and establish long-term settlements on the moon, with the US Artemis, China’s Chang’e, India’s Chandrayaan, and Europe’s Moon Village among some of the government led lunar missions likely to make significant progress over the next decade.Various private companies such as ispace, SpaceIL, and OffWorld are also developing technologies needed for exploration and utilisation of lunar resources. It is likely that the development of the lunar economy will be carried out initially by robotic systems, with the extraction of lunar water to be used as fuel being the first crucial step in creating a sustainable lunar economy.How has your experience working with SpaceChain Foundation been so far?Nick: I have been extremely fortunate to be part of the SpaceChain Foundation team, which is made up of individuals who are genuinely passionate about their work.We are a very international group, with team members based around the world across Singapore, the UK, China, and the US. It’s extremely important that the space industry fosters international collaboration, as space missions are complex and require support from as many partners as possible. This is especially true for deep space and lunar exploration, which will require all nations to commit to cooperation and sharing of technology and resources.SpaceChain Foundation, with its multicultural and international background, is a good example of the type of company which will help push humanity forward on our voyage to the moon, Mars, and beyond.Check out our other interview series with SpaceChain Foundation COO Alessandra Albano and Fossa Systems CEO and co-founder Julian Fernandez.You can connect with Nick and the rest of our team as well as keep up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s developments via Twitter and subscribe to our newsletter on our website for our latest news.The Moon, Mars and Beyond: Outer Space Tourism and Converting Water to Fuel was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 08. 11

SpaceChain July 2020 Monthl...

COMMUNITY ACTIVITIESSpace Waste Management InitiativeSpace waste management via blockchain technology is selected as a major pillar of this pioneering work because it presents significant potential for secure data sharing and improving the robustness of data collection of space debris and space waste management among the numerous projects and different stakeholders.If you believe that a decentralised, hybrid blockchain, would enable secure sharing between different stakeholders, do keep a look out for this project!Part 3 BTCBoxE interview with ZeeZee shares his views about crypto’s impact against centralised banks and ultimately, the comparison with traditional monetary policy. Also, would you agree that the most important features of crypto is price discovery and liquidity? Read the full interview here.Clayming Space: A blockchain in Space with Alessandra AlbanoClayming Space is a community of experts in various fields who come together to discuss issues in governance, policy, economics, geopolitics and technology in frontier sectors. In this part 1 and 2 podcast series, Alessandra Albano details the use of blockchain in space and what the future holds for the industry.Worth readingHow blockchain will help send people into spaceOne different key space will likely be tokenisation, which can allow an extra environment-friendly alternate or communication of assorted house assets. Aravind Ravichandran predicts that house tokenisation will fall into three broad classes. Find out what in the article!Decentralised Satellite InfrastructureOver the past decade we have witnessed a paradigm shift in the commercialisation of space with a vast array of companies entering the space industry. It has always been SpaceChain’s aim to to build an alliance consortium towards the creation of a Decentralised Satellite Infrastructure (DSI), a mesh-network of heterogeneous spacecraft owned and operated in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) by multiple parties in multiple jurisdictions. Read the article to find out more!Physics of keeping objects in orbitIn the midst of all the awe surrounding space travel, enthusiasts often ignore one of the greatest marvels of the industry — the underlying science that allows human-made objects to reach outer space and stay there. Dive deeper if you ever wondered how human-made objects reach outer space and stay there!TECHNICAL PROGRESSSpace node software developmentModified the process of calculating the signature results and completed modifications of the signature mechanism in the space node software.Developed the communication module between the SpaceChain OS and Linux OS. Completed the interface development and in the process of designing the communication protocols.SpaceChain server architecture updateReceived the API manual from our satellite service provider and finished developing the ground station permission assignment functions.Discussed the communication protocols between the ground station and the SpaceChain server with our service provider. Currently, the team is designing the communication protocols.Developed the file transmission mechanism based on S3. We have also slightly modified the transaction mechanisms, removed the compulsory 24-hr delay, and completed the interface design and test.Updated the data transmission mechanism of the SpaceChain server. The data file can be immediately transmitted to the ground station without a 24-hour delay. The transaction can be immediately broadcast to the blockchain network. We are still testing these functions.Check our report every first week of the month for SpaceChain’s latest news and progress, and subscribe to our newsletter!SpaceChain July 2020 Monthly Report was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 08. 03

Satellites don’t Fly, They ...

Image Source: UnsplashIn the midst of all the awe and wonder surrounding space travel, enthusiasts often ignore one of the greatest marvels of the industry — the underlying science that allows human-made objects to reach outer space and stay there.Sci-fi movies also tend to sensationalise the earth exploration sphere, focusing more on fiction (that sells more tickets) than scientific principles to advance their plots further. How do satellites dock in Earth’s orbit instead of continuing to fly into outer space? Why don’t satellites fall back onto earth? How does a satellite safely dock with another if it’s travelling at such fast speeds?Gravity (2013)How Satellites Reach Space and Stay ThereSatellites depend largely on balancing speed and gravity to reach their desired orbit. In short, they maintain their position by locking into speeds that are fast enough to defeat the downward pull of gravity.To reach outer space, a rocket (the vehicle that carries and drops off a satellite in space) must accelerate to at least 25,039 mph (40,320 kph) to completely escape Earth’s gravity. This amounts to moving at a speed of over 10,000 metres every second! It should be noted, however, that satellites need to maintain a balance in velocity so that they can orbit above the Earth. It is this very balance that prevents them from flying in a straight line off into space or falling back to Earth.In order to achieve the above, they need to travel at a speed that will facilitate orbital velocity — the term used to describe the balance between gravity’s pull on the satellite and the inertia of the satellite’s motion (the satellite’s tendency to keep going).A satellite orbiting closer to the Earth, for example, requires more velocity to resist the stronger gravitational pull. This considerably lower speed that satellites travel at is generally around the 17,000 mph (27,359 kph) mark, allowing them to orbit at an altitude of around 150 miles (242 kilometers) from the Earth’s surface.Image Source: PixabayWhen Two Satellites MeetThe term space rendezvous is used to describe the process whereby two spacecraft (one of which is often a space station) intentionally approach each other at a very close distance. This requires a precise match in orbital velocities and position vectors of the two objects, allowing for the entities to maintain safe distances.A space rendezvous is often accompanied by the practice of docking, whereby both entities come into physical contact with each other to create a link. This is an extremely delicate and dangerous procedure with little room for error — due to the high speeds at which satellites travel.SpaceX leveraged this process in the docking of the Dragon space capsule containing the SpaceChain blockchain hardware payload when it reached the International Space Station (ISS) in early December 2019. The first technological demonstration of blockchain hardware on the ISS, the payload will be used to demonstrate the receipt, authorisation, and retransmission of blockchain transactions.Keep up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s developments via Twitter and subscribe to our newsletter on our website for our latest news.Satellites don’t Fly, They Fall: The Science of Keeping Objects in Orbit was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 07. 31

Decentralised Satellite Inf...

Over the past decade we have witnessed a paradigm shift in the commercialisation of space with a vast array of companies entering the space industry. It is now possible to find service providers for every stage of a space mission, from chip designers and microsatellite vendors to launch providers and ground stations services. Companies from all over the globe are now ready to service space missions. However, the way each mission is designed and executed has not seen the same transformation. Most missions are still single vendor, single purpose, and not networked to other spacecraft, resulting in an inefficient allocation of resources. To get to the next stage of the space industry spacecraft need to have the ability to network together to create collaborative satellite constellations, but there are some technical challenges:A platform-based environment needs to be constructed with trust among various participating parties.Communication among satellites needs to follow a unified standard to enable a flexible and efficient information routing.SpaceChain Foundation aims to target these challenges, building an alliance consortium towards the creation of a Decentralised Satellite Infrastructure (DSI), a mesh-network of heterogeneous spacecraft owned and operated in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) by multiple parties in multiple jurisdictions. Spacecraft may join or depart the constellation at any time via a blockchain registry, as long as the crafts meet minimal economic, technical and regulatory requirements sufficient to ensure the long term health and resilience of the constellation.Blockchain Registry of DSIBlockchain technology supports the backbone of the DSI architecture via a Blockchain Registry. During the registry phase a satellite would certify that it met the minimum operational standards to be added to the network. Once approved the satellite would be assigned a private key and the ability to route and allocate DSI assignments via a smart-contract based blockchain bidding environment, ensuring transparency and trust.Satellite Mesh-network RoutingWith DSI, participating satellites will be able to support secure information transmission between distant parties, served as relays via a new Optical Link routing protocol. The routing protocol development focuses on how relay nodes are chosen for efficient information transmission between two distant satellites, as well as how a robust relay network could be established for the entire DSI network.Current inter-satellite communication is based mostly on RF signals. RF transmission requires a simple hardware setup but offers slow data transmission rates. Optical links, on the other hand, provide high communication speed but also require complicated hardware including source APT (acquisition, pointing and tracking) systems and detection modules. However, for long distance communication in space, optical links have outstanding performance compared with RF, making it a necessary component for future development of satellite technology. Thus, we aim to develop an effective optical inter-satellite link model which is easy for adaptation to a traditional satellite company.Hardware and Software StandardsSpaceChain Foundation will collaborate with partners and manufacturers to enable satellites to participate in DSI freely by developing standards related to:Processing power: Minimum processing requirements will be applied to the participating satellites to enable activities under the Blockchain registry, smart contract ‘bidding’, mesh-network support and routing protocol for the DSI.Data storage and encryption: Minimum storage capacity will be established for storing and synchronising DSI assignments, as well as uniform encryption standards.Optical link bandwidth and APT systems: Minimum bandwidth for optical links and minimum hardware for APT systems will be established to maintain robust connectivity and throughput.To enable high-speed communication, DSI would introduce optical communication links between participating satellites in addition to traditional RF communication, supported by an acquisition, pointing and tracking (APT) system. Mesh-network and routing protocols would support valid communication between satellites with RF and optical links via certain relay nodes.Collaboration with Geosynchronous Satellites and Deep Space ResearchInteroperability with geosynchronous satellites (GEO) as well as external constellations is one of the core development focuses for DSI. Although the majority of DSI satellites will be participating members of the LEO mesh-network, connections with GEO satellites and other unaffiliated external constellations would make a more robust network, as well as providing a relay for spacecraft operating in High Earth orbit or deep space.With improved communication speed among various nodes, DSI satellites could serve as receivers for information transmitted back from satellites in deep space. A potential collaboration could be established by sending deep space exploration satellites with optical communication modules, sending back information to DSI satellites or relay the information from other deep-space satellites received by its RF module.Decentralised Satellite Infrastructure was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 07. 27

SpaceChain 2020년 6월 월간보고서

공지사항국제우주정거장에 스페이스체인재단의 블록체인 하드웨어 설치https://medium.com/media/3f976235437370e00c91d8529a2a31c9/href스페이스체인재단은 다단계 지갑 기술이 내장된 우리의 블록체인 하드웨어가 국제우주정거장(ISS)에 설치됐다고 발표하게 돼 기대하고 있다. 이 설치는 해양 생물학자, 생리학자, 그리고 최초의 모든 여성 우주 유영 참가자인 우주비행사 제시카 메이어에 의해 수행되었다. 또한 노드가 궤도에서 정확한 위치까지 추적할 수 있다. 설치에 대한 자세한 내용은 여기를 참조하십시오.한 해 되돌아보기2019년의 주요 성과 및 성장을 소개하는 여정을 살펴 보십시오! 매년, 우리는 새로운 우주 경제의 꿈을 실현하기 위해 노력하고 있습니다!스페이스체인재단은 매 출시마다 기능성을 지속적으로 높히고 기존 프레임워크를 개선하기 위해 노력하고 있다. 예를 들어, 이전에는 전송 당 하나의 트랜잭션에 비해 전송 당 100개의 트랜잭션을 처리할 수 있도록 기능을 향상시켰다.커뮤니티 활동스페이스체인 재단, 새로운 우주 경제의 잠재력 발굴스페이스체인 재단 CTO Jeff Garzik은 이번 슈퍼크루와의 인터뷰에서 코어 반도체와의 협업, 블록체인을 통한 보안부터 프라이버시에 이르는 무수한 문제를 해결하면서 그들이 직면할 수 있는 과제에 대해 더 많이 공유한다. 여기서 인터뷰 내용을 읽어 보십시오.포사 시스템즈(Fossa Systems)의 최고 경영자 겸 공동 창업자인 줄리안 페르난데스(Julian Fernandez)는 피코사텔(picosatellites), 오픈소스 공간, 우주 산업의 미래에 관한 문제에 대해 언급했다.우리는 포사 시스템즈(Fossa System)의 CEO 줄리안 페르난데즈(Julian Fernandez)와 함께 하드웨어 제조업체로서 우주와 통신에 대한 접근을 평등화하기 위해 회사가 무엇을 하고 있는지 그리고 신생 기업가에 대한 그의 조언을 이해하기 위해 대화를 나누었다. 여기서 인터뷰 내용을 읽어 보십시오어떻게 하면 지연 시간을 늘려 블록체인 거래를 더 안전하게 만들 수 있을까?https://medium.com/media/e4e8bd1264f80265f2b16ab520f3b0a4/href느린 전송 속도가 보안 강화에 도움이 될 수 있는가? 지정(Zee Zheng) 스페이스체인 CEO는 BTCN 아시아와의 비디오 인터뷰에서 그렇게 생각하게 만들었던 사건을 조명한다.기술 진행률스페이스체인 서버 개발스페이스체인 서버의 주요 기능 요약 및 현재 지갑의 서비스 아키텍처 조사/아키텍처의 기능을 최적화하고 있다.SPC 서버와 지상국 사이의 통신 프로토콜 설계, 다양한 공동작업자의 협력을 기다리는 중이다.스페이스 노드 소프트웨어 개발페이로드에 개인 키를 생성하는 메커니즘 업데이트, 관련 종속 보관함의 수가 감소했다. 개정된 개인 키 생성 모듈은 시스템 자원을 덜 사용한다. 현재 수정된 개인 키 생성 모듈을 테스트 중에 있다.스페이스 노드 소프트웨어 및 관련 인터페이스 업데이트 완성했다.우주 노드 소프트웨어에 대한 업데이트된 인터페이스 테스트 완성.서명 생성 및 암호화 인터페이스를 포함한 공간 노드 소프트웨어 업데이트 완성.스페이스체인 서버 아키텍처 업데이트지상에서의 다단계 거래의 절차를 단순화하고 더 많은 유형의 암호화폐를 지원하기 위해, 새로운 스페이스체인 서버 아키텍처에 대해 논의하고, 전체적인 아키텍처를 설계하고 있다.스페이스체인의 최신뉴스와 진행 상황에 대한 월간 보고서를 매월 첫째 주에 확인하고 뉴스레터를 구독하십시오!SpaceChain 2020년 6월 월간보고서 was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 07. 17

SpaceChain June 2020 Monthl...

ANNOUNCEMENTSSpaceChain Foundation’s Blockchain Hardware Installed on the International Space Stationhttps://medium.com/media/3f5e2546ebf776acca7d511bb5ee9839/hrefSpaceChain Foundation is excited to announce that our blockchain hardware embedded with the multisignature wallet technology has been installed on the International Space Station (ISS)! The installation was conducted by astronaut Jessica Meir, who is also a marine biologist, physiologist, and more recently, the participant of the first all women space walk. In addition, track the node via our tracker to its exact location in orbit! Read more here.Year in ReviewTake a journey through 2019 where we showcase our milestones, achievements, and growth in the updated Year In Review! With each passing year, we are striving to realise the dream of a New Space Economy.SpaceChain strives to constantly add more functionalities and improve existing framework with each launch. For example, we have increased our capabilities to process 100 transactions per transmission, compared to 1 transaction per transmission previously.COMMUNITY ACTIVITIESSpaceChain Foundation Aims To Unlock The Potential Of The New Space EconomyIn this interview with Superb Crew, SpaceChain CTO Jeff Garzik talks more about the collaboration with Core Semiconductor, and the challenges they might face while solving a myriad of problems from security to privacy through blockchain.Fossa Systems’ Chief Executive Officer and Co-founder Julian Fernandez about issues around picosatellites, open-source space and the future of the space industry.Check out the interview we had with CEO Julian Fernandez to understand what Fossa Systems is doing to democratise access to space and telecommunications as a hardware manufacturer and his advice for budding entrepreneurs!Worth readingHow blockchain will help send people into spaceOne different key space will likely be tokenisation, which can allow an extra environment-friendly alternate or communication of assorted house assets. Aravind Ravichandran predicts that house tokenisation will fall into three broad classes. Find out what in the article!How can increased latency make blockchain transactions safer?https://medium.com/media/e4e8bd1264f80265f2b16ab520f3b0a4/hrefCan slow transfer speeds help with heightening security? In this video interview with BTCN Asia, SpaceChain CEO Zee Zheng highlights an incident that happened which will make you think so!TECHNICAL PROGRESSSpaceChain server developmentSummarised the main functions of SpaceChain server and investigated the service architecture of the current wallets. Currently optimising the functions of our service architecture.Designed the communication protocols between the SPC server and the ground station. Waiting for input from various collaborators.Space node software developmentUpdated the mechanism of generating the private keys on the payload. The number of involved dependent libraries have been decreased. The revised private keys generation module uses less system resources. We are currently testing the revised private keys generation module.Updated the space node software and relevant interface.Tested the updated interfaces for space node software.Updated the space node software, including interfaces of signature generation and encryption.SpaceChain server architecture updateTo simplify the procedures of the multisignature transaction on the ground and to support more types of cryptocurrencies, we are discussing the new SpaceChain server architecture and are designing the overall architecture.Check out our monthly report every first week of the month for SpaceChain’s latest news and progress and subscribe to our newsletter!SpaceChain June 2020 Monthly Report was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 07. 01

SpaceChain Foundation’s Blo...

SpaceChain Foundation is excited to announce that our blockchain hardware embedded with the multisignature wallet technology has been installed on the International Space Station (ISS)! The installation was conducted by astronaut Jessica Meir, who is also a marine biologist, physiologist, and more recently, the participant of the first all women space walk.https://medium.com/media/3f5e2546ebf776acca7d511bb5ee9839/hrefOur second-generation blockchain hardware (Fig. 1) is housed in a 1U NanoLab (Fig. 2) that is designed by Nanoracks. Thanks to the modularised features of the hardware, astronaut Jessica Meir is able to easily plug the NanoLab into the research platform via a USB port to power up our hardware. This allows us to send data and command files from the ground station to our ISS hardware, and vice versa. Check out how the full installation was done here.Fig. 1: SpaceChain Foundation Blockchain Hardware — second-generation flight-tested ZYNQ board (IPC-A-610 Class 3), Linux OS, dual ARM Cortex processor, gigabyte ECC memory, and EMI shielding.Fig. 2: A 1U NanoLab module (10 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm). Photo: NanoracksWhy put blockchain in space?In a standard terrestrial blockchain transaction, one private key is used to complete a transaction which is then broadcast to the network. If that private key becomes known by a malicious entity, all of the funds can be lost. Multisig (multisignature) technology requires more than one private key approval in order to authorise a transaction, rendering the transaction vastly more secure than standard single-signature methods. Furthermore, multisig mechanism provides an effective way of managing accounts/assets that are jointly held by multiple parties. The SpaceChain Foundation implementation adds the remoteness and security of low-Earth orbit infrastructure to multisig to create something entirely new.“The integration of space and blockchain technologies has uncovered new possibilities and opportunities and we are very excited about the prospect of working closely with financial service providers, fintech and Bitcoin developers, IoT service providers, research institutions and space agencies in the coming months to further accelerate advancements within the ecosystem,” said Zee Zheng, SpaceChain co-founder and CEO.This opportunity was provided via Nanoracks and their Space Act Agreement with NASA. The launch aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 took place from the Kennedy Space Center on 5 December 2019. Read more here. With each SpaceChain launch, we are moving closer to our vision of furthering a New Space Economy — enabling space agencies, industries and innovators to access and collaborate in space using decentralised technology.You can track our orbiting space payloads in real-time with our Node Tracker.We truly appreciate your constant support. Let’s keep building the New Space Economy together! Stay up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s exciting developments via Twitter or subscribe to our newsletter here.SpaceChain Foundation’s Blockchain Hardware Installed on the International Space Station was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 06. 25

The Open-Source Revolution ...

As part of our series of interviews with space and blockchain industry thought leaders, we had a chat with Fossa Systems’ Chief Executive Officer and Co-founder Julian Fernandez about issues around picosatellites, open-source space and the future of the space industry.Fossa Systems is dedicated to the development of open- source picosatellites enabling experimental worldwide IoT connectivity and democratising space. Learn more about Fossa Systems here and check out their GitHub repository.1. What made you decide to set up Fossa Systems?Julian: My interest in space and COTS hardware spans back to 2017 when I started working on femtosatellites (Sub 100g spacecraft). I have also worked on various IoT related projects for remote asset monitorisation. This last experience further taught me the need for remote IoT connectivity.Fossa Systems was initially created in response to the market need for inexpensive and fast solutions regarding worldwide connectivity. Our goal is to democratise access to space and telecommunications as a hardware manufacturer. This means developing inexpensive satellite platforms and operating these low-cost systems.We actually started Fossa Systems as a non-profit project on an online forum in 2018. Back then, we were students and needed a cheap way of getting to space.2. How does a free and open-source mentality contribute to the development of the New Space industry?Julian: Our name Fossa Systems indicates Free Open Source Software and Aerospace Systems. As such, open source is a major part of our business model. We believe it is imperative that we develop space technology in an open manner for the benefit of all.This can be perfectly linked to a successful business model as we are demonstrating with the launch of three satellites to this date. New Space is a rapidly developing and advancing industry where secrecy only constitutes an impediment to the general advancement of the market.3. Tell us more about the FossaSat-1 and FossaSat-2 satellites and their applications.Julian: Having learnt from the design of the FossaSat-1 satellite, which we launched in December 2019, we made improvements to the architecture and developed the FossaSat-2. This new picosatellite platform caters to the current market need for Low-Earth Orbit (LEO) telecommunications constellations and performance-oriented integrated solutions for customer payloads such as radio modules or Earth Observation (EO) sensors.Based on the PocketQube platform, the FossaSat-2 is only 5x5x5cm big, and weighs a mere 250g. Its compact size and weight greatly reduces the current cost for access to space. Plus, it costs under 40,000€ (USD$44,000) for access to a 500km LEO with existing brokers.Both the FossaSat-1 and FossaSat-2 are mainly used for telecommunications and are initially being tested with these payloads. But, they can also be used for other mission specific payloads such as EO cameras. In fact, the FossaSat-2 will be flying the first camera on a picosatellite into space.You can find out more about each satellite here.4. What will be the real-world applications for Fossa System’s work on LoRa technology for the internet of things?Julian: LoRa was successfully tested on the FossaSat-1 satellite that we launched in December 2019. LoRa allows 3€ terminals to communicate with a satellite within ISM band limitations. It truly constitutes a major breakthrough in modulations that will allow the creation of global low-power IoT constellations.We are currently planning on using our future LoRa services for remote asset management and other non-accessible terminals.5. Which partners have Fossa Systems worked with in developing and launching your picosatellites?Julian: Fossa Systems has been mostly funded by Everis Aerospace & Defense, a company of the NTT Data Group. We have worked with various large aerospace companies on the development of our technology and have most recently started working with the ESA Galileo Science Office for flying GNSS receivers on our satellites.6. What are some of the biggest challenges you have faced in building Fossa Systems?Julian: Building a New Space company definitely is not an easy job. It is such a new market and we are always adventuring into unknown territory. Our biggest challenge has already been undertaken with the launch of our first satellite. The next challenge is to establish ourselves as a respected and trustworthy hardware provider in the industry. We are also still studying the challenging possibility of offering services using our hardware in LEO.7. Can you share some of your plans for Fossa Systems for the next couple of years?Julian: Fossa Systems is in the process of registering a more formal commercial division to further advance the professional development of Fossa’s satellites in the growing market. Fossa Systems will always keep its initial values and objectives as a priority. We are opening our office in Madrid in the coming months and are looking to professionalise our production chain to take on more serious contracts.8. How do you see the space industry developing in the short and long term?Julian: With regards to the evolution of satellite size in the industry, we are definitely going to see further miniaturisation and advancement of COTS technology for LEO. I believe large mega constellations do not pose a serious risk to the market we are targeting regarding IoT, but they are starting to pose a serious risk to the cluttering of orbital planes.This year alone we have had three close calls between our FossaSat-1 and one of Elon Musk’s Starlink satellites. The COVID-19 pandemic also poses a serious effect on the short-term investment in satellite businesses (as apparent with the bankruptcy filing of OneWeb), but in the long term, I believe we will ultimately recover.9. Which space technology developments most excite you?Julian: We are very excited about the development of electric propulsion and are actually flying Pulsed Plasma Thrusters from Applied Ion Systems as one of our payloads. We look forward to seeing what electrospray technology brings to the table with regards to in-orbit manoeuvring technology.10. How do you see blockchain contributing to the space sector?Julian: Blockchain has actually been on Fossa System’s radar since its creation. We believe it will have and is already having a significant impact on the way we are able to safely communicate and store data in a decentralised manner. We are starting to see immense progress in this field such as the use of cubesats for carrying out blockchain transactions in space.11. What advice would you give to young entrepreneurs thinking about starting their own space startup?Julian: It is important to have a clear and differentiating goal when creating a startup. There are lots of competitors in the New Space market at this stage, and lots of them have years of experience behind them. Patience and determination is important, but what seems like the most important quality is speed. Clients expect fast turnaround solutions, and in this industry, you have to constantly run to keep up with the rest. In part, this is our philosophy at Fossa Systems which is quite distant to what we see in larger and older satellite hardware manufacturers.12. What are your thoughts about the Decentralised Satellite Infrastructure (DSI) that SpaceChain is leading and developing?Julian: As a hardware manufacturer and service provider, we see SpaceChain’s ideas of creating a DSI completely align with our ideas and values. We hope to be able to work with SpaceChain on implementing and getting their technology into LEO using our platforms.Click here to check out our other interview series with SpaceChain COO Alessandra Albano.Keep up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s developments via Twitter and subscribe to our newsletter on our website for our latest news.The Open-Source Revolution in Outer Space was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 06. 19

SpaceChain 2020년 5월 보고서

공지사항SpaceChain Foundation 은 위성 간 직접 통신을 위한 개방형 하드웨어 플랫폼을 생산하기 위해 핵심 반도체에 투자하기로 하였다우리는 지구나 제 3의 네트워크 상에서 위성 안테나를 사용하지 않고 궤도에 있는 위성으로부터 휴대폰과 소형 장치에 직접 다운링크를 제공할 수 있는 세계 최초의 오픈 소스 하드웨어 플랫폼을 생산하기 위한 코어 반도체와의 상업 및 투자 파트너쉽을 발표하게 되어 매우 기쁩니다. 자세한 내용은 여기 에서 더 읽어보세요.또한, 새로운 GPS 수신기를 구축해야 하는 이유에 대해 자세히 알아봅시다.커뮤니티 활동SpaceChain CTO Jeff Garzik 와의 인터뷰로켓 발사, 우주에 대한 낮은 장벽, 인공위성을 우주에서 유용한 일을 하기 위해 컴퓨터로 바꾸는 기술에 대한 스페이스 체인 CTO Jeff Garzik의 생각입니다. 수많은 핵심 요소들을 여기에서 살펴보세요!확장 가능한 새로운 공간 경제를 위해 블록체인으로 공간 데이터를 잠금 해제합니다SpaceChain COO Alessandra Albano 의 #SpaceWatchGL 의견 자료에서 그녀는 우주 기술의 발전과 블록체인과 결합하여 지상 네트워크에서 안전하고 확장 가능하며 가치를 향상 시키는 데이터 공유를 가능하게 하는 방법에 대해 자세히 설명합니다. 우주 기술을 무엇에 활용하겠습니까?Reddit AMA5월 28일, SpaceChain CTO Jeff Garzik 와 Core Semiconductor CEO Jeff Dionne는 Reddit 에서 AMA를 개최하여 우리의 협업과 향후 제품에 대한 질문에 답변했습니다. 오픈 소스 하드웨어 플랫폼입니다. 여기에서Q&A를 읽어보세요!글로벌 분산형 위성 네트워크에서 사용할 수 있습니다BTCBOX 의 2 부 SpaceChain CEO Zee Zheng 과의 인터뷰를 읽고 글로벌 분산형 위성 네트워크를 구성하는 핵심 “중요포인트”가 무엇인지 알아봅시다!기술 진행회사 사용자 서버● Android 버전의 OTP 검증 응용 프로그램을 완료했습니다.● 디코딩 및 RSA 공용 키 생성의 UI를 개발했으며 새로운 기능이 개발되고 있습니다.● 기업 사용자 OTP 앱 개발을 완료하였습니다.● OTP 애플리케이션과 호환되도록 SPC 암호화 기능을 업데이트 예정입니다.스페이스 노드 소프트웨어 개발● 스페이스 노드 소프트웨어 코드/사용 설명서 작성 완료하여 코드를 테스트 중에 있습니다.● SpaceChain OS에서 메모리 할당을 최적화하여 공간 노드 소프트웨어가 충분한 스토리지 공간을 확보할 수 있도록 테스트 중입니다.● 전체 소프트웨어 패키지와 사용 설명서를 당사 출시 파트너에게 전달하였습니다.매월 첫째 주 스페이스체인의 최신 뉴스와 진행 상황에 대한 월간 보고서를 확인하고 뉴스레터 를 구독하세요!SpaceChain 2020년 5월 보고서 was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 06. 11

SpaceChain May 2020 Monthly...

New commercial investment, and more.ANNOUNCEMENTSSpaceChain Foundation Invests in Core Semiconductor to Produce Open Hardware Platform for Direct Satellite-to-Devices CommunicationWe are excited to announce our commercial and investment partnership with Core Semiconductor to produce the world’s first open-source hardware platform capable of providing a downlink to mobile phones and small devices directly from satellites in orbit, without the use of a satellite dish on Earth or a third-party network. Read more here.Plus, learn more about why there was a need to build a new GPS receiver.COMMUNITY ACTIVITIESInterview with SpaceChain CTO Jeff GarzikSpaceChain CTO Jeff Garzik’s thoughts on rocket launches, lower barriers to space, and the technology to turn satellites into computers to do useful work in space. Check out the numerous key takeaways!Unlocking Space Data With Blockchain For A Scalable New Space EconomyIn this #SpaceWatchGL opinion piece by SpaceChain COO Alessandra Albano, she details the development of space technologies and how its merger with blockchain makes safe, scalable, and value-enhancing data sharing possible in terrestrial networks. What would you leverage space technologies for?Reddit AMAOn May 28, SpaceChain CTO Jeff Garzik and Core Semiconductor CEO Jeff Dionne held an AMA on reddit to answer questions about our collaboration and the upcoming product — an open-source hardware platform. Read the compiled Q&A here!On Global Decentralised Satellite NetworksRead part 2 of BTCBOX’s interview with SpaceChain CEO Zee Zheng and find out what are the key “ingredients” that make up a Global Decentralised Satellite Network!TECHNICAL PROGRESSCorporate user serverFinished the android version of OTP verification application.Developed the UI of decoding and RSA public keys generation. New functions are being developed.Completed the development of the corporate user OTP app.Updating the SPC encryption function to be more compatible with OTP applications.Space node software developmentCompleted the code of space node software and we are testing the code. The user manual has been worked on.Optimised the memory allocation in the SpaceChain OS so that the space node software has enough storage space. The tests are ongoing.Sent the complete software package and user manual to our launch partner.Check out our monthly report every first week of the month for SpaceChain’s latest news and progress and subscribe to our newsletter!SpaceChain May 2020 Monthly Report was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 06. 02

AMA with Jeff Garzik and Je...

Topic of Discussion: An open-source hardware platform for Direct Satellite-to-Devices CommunicationOn May 28, 2020, Jeff Garzik and Jeff Dionne held an AMA on Reddit.Jeff Garzik is the CTO of SpaceChain Foundation. He is known for being the key Bitcoin core developer who worked under Satoshi Nakamoto for two years. His work can be found in every bitcoin and miner.Jeff Dionne is the CEO of Core Semiconductor. He is known for uClinux, from which most embedded Linux systems are derived, and developing many other game-changing embedded systems hardware and software technologies.Garzik and Dionne have always been passionate about pushing the boundaries of space and blockchain applications; a few of the past projects they have worked on are Linux kernel and Bitcoin Core.They love to share more about their experiences being in their respective industries, such as the formation of the open-source industry, open hardware, fabless semiconductor development, nano-satellites, cryptocurrency, and more.In this AMA, they discuss their development for their latest project — an open-source hardware platform that is capable of providing a downlink to mobile phones and small devices directly from satellites in orbit — all without the use of a satellite dish on Earth or a third-party network.Here are some of the highlights:1. What is in your opinion the best node or process to target when optimising price to performance ratio and having a low digital chip volume? What processes can we expect from the first Silicon running J-Core?Dionne: It’s just my opinion… it depends on the application (maybe you can elaborate). At the moment with that caveat and in general terms, I’d probably say 55nm. It’s a commodity process and every fab offers it. But take that with a grain of salt, to properly answer the question I’d want to know the application but also the gate count, budget and what performance means to you. I’m assuming you’re talking about a general purpose embedded application with a CPU.We’re working on a customer project that has a chance to be the first tapeout for CoreSemi in late 2020. Depending on their volume, we’ll probably target 55nm, but we already have some (not portable) IP blocks in 152nm from a previous design we could leverage.There is also the idea that we might try and do a fully open (right down to the standard cells and IO pads) design that the community could reproduce. That would be 350nm, because shuttle runs are on the order of $10k.The first application processor for J-Core will likely be quad core on 28nm, but that is a ways out yet.2. That large process size sounds a lot like what https://libresilicon.com/ is targeting. Have you looked into them?Dionne: Yes, and also relevant is http://opencircuitdesign.com. Part of the problem with using smaller process nodes in a completely open design is the NDAs that are needed. There are actual fab design rule documents that can be had for older processes… Once the business model of completely open designs has been proven to the fabs, we are hoping the situation improves.Still doesn’t solve the issue that 180nm might be within reach of an open hardware Crowd Supply, but 28nm isn’t really.3. What is the current performance of your GNSS implementation in terms of sample per min, latency and accuracy? Is there room for some more light computation on the current JCore you are using like drone flight control or robot control?Dionne: The released GNSS RTL https://github.com/CoreSemi/gnss-baseband is designed to produce one output from the hardware engine to the host CPU every 1 ms. It’s the task of the software part to turn those raw samples into fix updates (for location). So the answer is updates can be as often as you take outputs from the software tracking loops and run the solution solver. We’ve not yet released the software side, probably that will take a few weeks or a month. We previously used this engine for precise timing, in overdetermined clock mode, and that isn’t in general what the community will want.In a drone application, a dual J-Core SoC on an FPGA is definitely sufficient, a configuration that is basically a sweet spot for size and cost of the chip. If we were to put that on an ASIC, you could use a fairly cheap process and have plenty of DSP capability for flight control etc.Would such a chip, or an FPGA board with a form factor useful for drone/robot control be something you think would be interesting?4. Today’s setup for precision GPS requires RTK, so you end up with additional hardware. People are flying drones or driving robots on RPi, and so the size wouldn’t be a problem for a Turtle board. There is hat for RPi for this kind of application, but they aren’t really open hardware ( https://emlid.com/navio/ ). Just finding which pins emlid use is not obvious… I would think there would be some interest in a high precision drone setup that fit in a RPi format.Dionne: Ok, thanks for the feedback. The receiver board that CoreSemi and SpaceChain put together fits on the Turtle Platform… We intend both of those to go up on Crowd Supply. We’re working on it, and we intend to do it in the next few months, but that has been slow going so no promises just yet.Hearing there is interest definitely helps.5. Did I miss the J32 release? If not when will it be out? Also how can the community help Core Semi?Dionne: Coming up this summer. Software generally takes longer than hardware, J2 is well tested and supported by everything from the compilers to OS and application side, J32 CPU hardware needs that complete package before it can see wide use.If we engage with the community to test and port software to the J32 platform (when released), that will be a great help in getting there. In the meantime, clone our repos, support our Crowd Supply, and support our partner SpaceChain whose support made these releases possible.6. I am interested in knowing why SpaceChain decided to invest in Core Semiconductor when it is less than 6 months old?Garzik: CoreSemi’s team and technology are much older than 6 months. The team has been involved in Linux and open source for 15+ years, and at the time had already developed a clean room implementation of the Hitachi SuperH processor (dubbed “J-core”), with themselves and some of the original Hitachi chip engineers.SpaceChain wanted to help that team revive and market this open source hardware, as a fresh base for a new line of chips that can be used in space as well as on the ground.SpaceChain has an interest in having open source hardware widely used — “with many eyes, all bugs are shallow” — investing in CoreSemi acts as a force multiplier for Spacechain and the whole open source ecosystem, which largely runs on closed processors today. The security value of open source means we can change that.7. How can CoreSemi justify going with J-Core (SuperH) when RISC-V is all the rage? What relationship do you see J-Core having with RISC-V?Dionne: We see J-Core and RISC-V existing in slightly different application spaces. J-Core arguably has better instruction set characteristics for deeply embedded applications (such as this GNSS / Downlink) and RISC-V is designed more as a competitor to ARM.Both cores have the goal of democratizing the space, the differences in design philosophy with J-Core (SHCompact ISA) being more like an x86 with highly encoded, compiler friendly instructions. No one can argue that approach doesn’t have application. IMHO RISC-V is emphasizing clean and simple, directly implemented pipelines. Having both gives us all choice. In fact some of SpaceChain’s engineers are core developers of a well known RISC-V implementation called Hummingbird E203.8. Because of COVID-19 there will be no in-person conferences where you could present J-Core and recent developments.Do you plan to do long form presentations/podcasts where you tell us about what’s next, why things always take longer, what sessions you learned etc?Dionne: Community engagement is important to us. We think given the constraints on in person presentations, the best plan seems to be a series of videos (YouTube and probably lbry.tv). Things do take longer than one imagines or would like, but the reason for that is never problems with the technology.One thing I’d say we’ve learned is that there is no substitute for clean, buildable and well documented releases of the technology that have a hardware platform people can get their hands on. That is different from the pure open source software only model, and it’s a limiting factor for growth of open hardware. So we set out to change that. Our plan to do that is this:Build a production version of the Jx FPGA platform (turtle board) (done)With our partner SpaceChain, develop an application people can use (GNSS, and Downlink for things like IoT command and control, cryptographic hashes for light wallets, etc). Make the ‘hat’ board for that open also (this announcement)Release the RTL (done), and then the software (in progress)Get these kits into the hands of developers so they can build on top of our workBegin publishing videos to show how to do that.Numbers 4 and 5 are obviously one response to the global situation, but also have the benefit of producing artifacts people can work from in the future.9. Garzik, I recall multi-tenant computing on satellites being mentioned. What do you see as use cases where tenants want to run code on satellites?Colour me naive but the only thing that strikes me is access to the sensor data of the satellite but I guess it would be cheaper to just send the complete data down and process it on some normal computer?Garzik: The existing satellite industry model is: one sat owner, one operator (often same as owner), and closed software, usually for a single purpose.With modern software sandboxing, we can open that model up, making a — arguably risky — move to permit customers to upload their software. That’s brand new to the satellite industry, even though it is familiar and boring to the mobile phone and blockchain industries, where multi-app is normal.Opening up the closed satellite industry model is key to making access to space less expensive and more egalitarian.10. Do you have any use case examples where it would make sense to run my code above the clouds and instead of in the cloud?Garzik: It was a point of economics: the more people that access a satellite, the lower the cost, which creates new business models that are not possible today due to higher costs, as well as making existing space business models much lower cost.With regards to use cases, there are a few categories:The software is associated with a specific type of satellite payload (usually a type of camera or other sensor), authenticating and encrypting the data directly at the physical source. Multiple tenants can securely share physical satellite resources. This can only be done at the physical device, which is located in space.Increasing the number of spacecraft throughout inner space, LEO/GEO, produces the need to avoid going space-to-ground-to-space for a number of different applications. In-space processing is faster due to the laws of physics.Elements of space settlement. Businesses that want to explore space jurisdictions have already existed, but never before had a meaningful way to truly operate off-planet in a way that matches the org’s decentralised / resilient goals.Those business models that were created by entrepreneurs, just as the Internet itself spawned many new businesses and business models not thought of when the pre-Web engineers were sending text-based email to each other.11. When can we see actual use cases for SpaceChain? Does it have any real use case since it is a utility token?Garzik: Space business occurs on frustratingly slow timescales! I wish the world would go faster.Ultimately, it takes a long time to build a space network.The space network will use tokens for (1) network registration, (2) network access, and (3) one of several payment methods for space-based activities such as remote sensing, remote imaging, transmission, data storage and more.We are working on that specific whitepaper right now. We call it “DSI”, the Decentralized Satellite Infrastructure. Keep an eye on https://github.com/dsi-org12. Will people be able to contribute to the whitepaper? I am very interested in contributing to the whitepaperGarzik: Yes, the whitepaper will be one of the repositories on the Github. It will be open to contributions for a couple months, then frozen.13. I’m curious how you are going to bring some kind of economic value to investors of SPC?Will it be for the usage of the network? Or are you planning to maybe move to some kind of DAO situation?Garzik: There are at least three targets for the SPC token: network access, network usage, and payment. The general thesis is that everyday SPC holders benefit from there being demand for the token, generated by people acquiring the token in order to use it for space services, both terrestrial services as well as in-space services being paid for with SPC.14. You keep claiming SpaceChain is open source and decentralized. So far there has never been any repository open to developers. Leave alone, not much peer review possible because there are no github updates. When Web 3.0 is evolving so fast how will you handle competition?What if SpaceChain takes too long and never takes off like how Dunvegan Systems never took off?Garzik: There are several repositories available at https://github.com/spacechain.More recently, thanks in part to SpaceChain, there are also repositories at https://github.com/coresemi and https://github.com/j-core.Lots of working code has been made available to the open source community. SpaceChain has also tested a lot of this code in space conditions, on the International Space Station and in the satellites SpaceChain has launched.Space is slow but progress is clear… and open.Check out the full AMA here.Keep up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s developments via Twitter and subscribe to our newsletter on our website for our latest news.AMA with Jeff Garzik and Jeff Dionne was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 06. 01

SpaceChain Foundation Inves...

SpaceChain Foundation Invests in Core Semiconductor to Produce Open Hardware Platform for Direct Satellite-to-Devices CommunicationInitiative furthers SpaceChain Foundation’s decentralised network infrastructure vision and uncovers new possibilities for Internet of Things (IoT) applicationsSINGAPORE — May 19, 2020 — SpaceChain Foundation today announced it has contracted and invested in Core Semiconductor, an innovator in provably secure computing platforms for all connected devices, to produce the world’s first open-source hardware platform capable of providing a downlink to mobile phones and small devices directly from satellites in orbit, without the use of a satellite dish on Earth or a third-party network.With security inherently built-in, the technology is designed with the blockchain industry in mind and to bring blockchain applications to a global user base.Core Semiconductor has designed the platform to be small enough to fit inside any handheld device. With a commodity price point, the platform is affordable and is easy to deploy, making it perfect for any company or hobbyist to incorporate. The technology is designed for low bitrate applications of around 1250 bytes per minute, making it ideal for verifying blockchain hashes and encrypted signatures.“GPS is a low data rate protocol that has transformed the way we navigate the world and created over US$400 billion in equity value,” said Jeff Garzik, SpaceChain Foundation co-founder and CTO. “We want to do the same for emerging digital economies. Adding secure direct downlink and location capability to devices on a robust multi-layer global decentralised infrastructure will bring blockchain to mass adoption.”As the hardware platform is open-source, anyone can verify the security and correctness of the design themselves, directly on GitHub. The public is encouraged to check out the code and test it out at https://github.com/coresemi and https://github.com/coresemi/gnss-baseband.“We look forward to our long-term partnership with SpaceChain as we collectively uncover new possibilities and opportunities with next-generation open-source innovations,” said Jeff Dionne, CEO, Core Semiconductor. “This milestone underscores how we can unlock the benefits of the New Space Economy.”SpaceChain Foundation believes in the future of open-source blockchain hardware and is an investor in Core Semiconductor. This partnership allows for accessibility and unencumbered collaborations, and marks the beginning of a number of planned components to support decentralised space hardware and the New Space Economy.###About SpaceChain FoundationSpaceChain Foundation fosters decentralised infrastructure for the New Space Economy. By combining space and blockchain technologies SpaceChain Foundation is making the development of space applications easier and making space more accessible. For more information, visit www.spacechain.com.About Core SemiconductorCore Semiconductor is a fabless semiconductor manufacturer aiming to provide the world’s first provably secure open computing platform for all connected devices, creating an end-to-end solution with hardware enforced security. Core Semiconductor is dedicated to democratising access to secure device technologies. We envision a future in which trust and security is guaranteed in every interaction with the digital world, protecting our fundamental rights to privacy and freedom of communication and thought. For more information, visit www.coresemi.io.Media Contacts:Nicolette OngSpaceChainnicolette@spacechain.comTony TanAutonomy for SpaceChain+65 6570 9139tony@autonomy.marketingSpaceChain Foundation Invests in Core Semiconductor to Produce Open Hardware Platform for Direct… was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 05. 19

SpaceChain April 2020 Month...

COMMUNITY ACTIVITIESInterview with SpaceChain COO Alexandra AlbanoWe sat down with Chief Operating Officer Alessandra Albano to find out more about her role with SpaceChain and where the blockchain industry is heading in the foreseeable future. Read the interview here!Space Law DecodedCan anyone own the moon? Take a look at how these laws prevent space from becoming the wild west and learn how peace and order are kept in outer space here.On blockchain and spaceSpaceChain CEO Zee Zheng lets you in on his humble beginnings to creating SpaceChain and also, his thoughts about the fusion of blockchain and space. Read his interview featured in BTCBOX here!Worth readingIn 2019, space tech investment reached an all-time high worldwide, with funding expected to rise to US$2.7 trillion over the next thirty years. These 5 south east asian companies dabbling in space tech are worth taking a look at!TECHNICAL PROGRESSCorporate user serverWorked on the mechanism of receiving service fees for corporate users.Finished the development of batch derivation of private keys of the address of receiving service fees.Fine-tuned the architecture to avoid the bugs during docker deployment, and also removed the step of building docker servers for corporate users. We will be continuously working on the corporate user server development.Optimising the OTP generation mechanism of corporate user servers. Plus, we are developing a mobile application that can achieve functions of (1) decoding OTP secret and (2) generating OTP. As such, corporate users can complete the OTP related process in one mobile application that is more secure and convenient.Space node software developmentPerformed the test on the SPC dual operating system on the hardware that is similar to the on-orbit development board. We are working on (1) identifying potential incompatibility issues and (2) ensuring that our dual OS can be operated on the real on-orbit software properly.Finished the on-orbit upgrade and development of SpaceChain OS, as well as upgraded the kernel and system services of SpaceChain OS.Completed the development of the slave core heartbeat monitoring function. Through monitoring the slave core heartbeat (i.e. communications between Linux OS and SpaceChain OS), Linux OS can monitor the status of SpaceChain OS.Discussed the dependencies between the blockchain node and bitcoin software. We have confirmed the dependent libraries that need to be migrated to SpaceChain OS for next-stage software migration.Currently working on (1) the architecture design of the software based on the potential customers’ requirements, (2) confirming the essential interface ports and software implementation plan. We are working the detailed software development plans on the dual OS by considering the relevant security issues.Drafting the documents of system upgrade and user manual of introducing SpaceChain OS.Check out our monthly report every first week of the month for SpaceChain’s latest news and progress and subscribe to our newsletter!SpaceChain April 2020 Monthly Report was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 05. 04

Space Law Decoded

All you need to know about how peace and order is kept in outer spaceImage Credit: PixabayThe topic of space law flows into several grey areas that stump even the most seasoned of professionals in the field. Are there set laws that govern the space realm? Who has intellectual property (IP) rights in outer space? Does any one country have more jurisdiction than the other? Is it the Wild West up there where anything and everything goes?The short answer to the above is that the arena is likened to a global commons, a realm of shared ownership such as the high seas, our overall atmosphere and the Antarctic. This basically means that every participating party or nation is responsible to cooperate in maintaining the landscape for the good of present and future civilisations.Image Credit: UnsplashFive treaties to maintain peace and orderThe United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS) has five treaties in place that create parameters and boundaries to guide the industry forward.The first of these treaties, and perhaps the most well known of them among industry experts is the Outer Space Treaty of 1967. This basically presents principles for space exploration and operation, stating such terms as no nation can own space, the Moon or any other celestial body. Other terms of the treaty can be accessed here.The second treaty is the Rescue Agreement that outlines the obligations for any party that becomes aware that the personnel of a spacecraft are in danger. This means that if any participant in the space industry becomes aware that the personnel of a spacecraft are in distress, they must notify the launching authority and the Secretary General of the United Nations.The third treaty is the Liability Convention that establishes regulations for any damage in outer space. This was the treaty that was referred to when the Soviet Union was penalised after one of its nuclear-powered satellites crashed in Canada in 1978.UNCOPUOS has also established a fourth treaty named the Registration Convention that empowers the UN Secretary-General to maintain a register of all space objects.Last, but not least, is the Moon Agreement that requires all exploration and use of the Moon and other celestial bodies to be the province of all mankind, carried out for the benefit and in the interest of all countries. This basically means that the Moon should be used for the benefit of all states and all members within the international community.Image source: PixabayIntellectual property laws in outer spaceIt should be noted that several of the space treaties mentioned above were penned at a time when space exploration was still largely government driven. Since the landscape today has opened up considerably to private enterprise, many smaller businesses are concerned about their IP rights. It should be noted that the fundamentals of those treaties stay the same in this day and age.The Outer Space Treaty states that the national laws of the state in which a particular space object is registered in extends to the object. It also states that the country of registry retains jurisdiction and control over the space object and over any personnel thereof unless otherwise agreed among the launching States.This means that if a satellite is launched from Country A, or if a company from Country A purchases a launch, the satellite can be registered to Country A, and Country A’s (IP) laws will apply to the satellite.Image source: UnsplashLegal implementation an uphill taskAlthough seen largely as positive frameworks to regulate space travel, the space treaties in place have at times proven to be more effective in theory than when it comes to their implementation.Take the issue of space junk, for example, where damage caused by debris floating around in outer space is not covered explicitly by the five treaties. Establishing the causality of damage caused by space debris has also proven to be a challenge — it is often difficult to identify particulate debris and trace it back to the owner of the original launched object. This can become quite an issue of contention, seeing that there are [hyperlink to space junk blog] 34,000 debris objects in orbit that are larger than 10cm in size!Another example of where space law tends to remain ambiguous is when it comes to the militarisation of the industry. Although the Outer Space Treaty deems that space should be used exclusively for peaceful purposes, there is no prohibition on setting up military bases, conducting weapons testing, or bringing weapons into outer space. Opponents, however, feel that the construction of military bases in outer space could lead to war in the future and that legalities surrounding the issue should be made clear to maintain peace in outer space.Keep up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s developments via Twitter and subscribe to our newsletter on our website for our latest news.Space Law Decoded was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 04. 21

Moving towards a Decentrali...

In the first of our new series of interviews with space and blockchain industry thought leaders, we sat down with Chief Operating Officer Alessandra Albano to find out more about her role with SpaceChain and where the blockchain industry is heading in the foreseeable future.Could you tell us a bit about your professional background as well as your role with SpaceChain?Alessandra: I come from an operations background that has seen me specialise in designing and developing decentralised ecosystems for large blockchain projects. My areas of expertise also span from all matters of compliance to establishing strategic directions for clients across the blockchain space.At SpaceChain, my main role is to make sure that all processes are in place and run smoothly. It is my responsibility to plan all resource allocation and ensure that their distribution allows for maximum efficiency. I am also the go-to person when it comes to business strategy.On any given day, my role may see me involved in the evaluation of potential business opportunities and collaborations, product launches, commercialisation initiatives, public positioning of the company as well as the sourcing and acquisition of new talent. I also work closely with the R&D, partnership and tech teams to source funding and apply for grants as and when necessary.You recently conducted an inspiring workshop on how blockchain will be the next big disrupter in outer space. How will the integration of blockchain technology shape the evolution of the industry?Alessandra: It is evident that the space industry is becoming more and more of a conduit to allow legacy companies such as those in the defense and military spheres as well as publicly funded organisations to evolve into fully commercial enterprises.Many of these companies are currently going through tough times, feeling the economic impacts of a global pandemic. I strongly believe that innovation is the one factor that can create the bridge for these organisations to get back on track. This is where blockchain technology can play a large role, leveraging space infrastructure to enhance existing terrestrial blockchain networks (for example, by amplifying reach or increasing its resilience).Blockchain technology can also bolster and strengthen existing space infrastructure by enhancing the opportunities for secure data sharing amongst commercial partners. We will see a rapid shift towards blockchain solutions going far beyond cybersecurity and cryptocurrencies in the near future.In your opinion, what are the main challenges that the industry is facing, particularly when it comes to its overall governance?Alessandra: As with any industry that has experienced exponential growth during its (relative) infancy stage, I feel that one factor that the public needs to take into account is the fact that there will always be road bumps along the way. Many blockchain projects may seemingly be running out of steam, but if one were to take a closer look, there is still a lot of growth and innovation taking place behind the scenes. This may not be that obvious to the general public due to the incremental rate of this occurring.This is one of the main reasons behind a lot of stigma and lack of understanding across the industry. There is mind-blowing work being done by tech experts within the blockchain sphere, and the public needs to remain patient and trust that the sense of community and vision for the sector remains strong and unfazed through the development stage.The revolution of decentralised governance, which many are awaiting, will undoubtedly happen, but only after the technology itself becomes more resilient. After this, we will see more widespread and universal adoption by the wider business world.How will SpaceChain’s technology help to mitigate these challenges?Alessandra: Like everyone else in the blockchain community, we are working towards gaining visibility, trust and acceptance from legacy industry players. When it comes to SpaceChain, our main audience is the aerospace industry, which comes with its own set of challenges. We are essentially the only ones in this area (integrating blockchain in space) so the journey is a bit challenging but not one that we are not fully equipped to scale. This has been demonstrated in our success so far, working together with market leaders such as Nanoracks as well as collaborating in cutting edge research projects with companies like Deimos. A huge milestone for us was when we obtained funding and support from the European Space Agency (ESA).One of our main objectives is to prove that blockchain applications within the wider aerospace sector can bring benefits to existing players. We have already had three successful launches, released a groundbreaking industry-first OS that allows for multi-tenancy and earned our stripes as a space company with our custom-developed hardware.The next step will be centered on finding software applications for the industry using blockchain, and I can’t wait to find new ways to bolster and strengthen the entire community through our developments.What excites you most about the future of the blockchain industry?Alessandra: As I said earlier, the industry is still at its infancy stage. We are merely warming up and nowhere near experiencing its full potential.I would like to see examples of decentralised ecosystems running at capacity and economic implementations tested for mainstream adoption. I am extremely thrilled whenever I see tokenised applications starting to develop. An example that comes to mind is the Brave browser and its tokenised rewards system. Even closer to home (although geographical barriers mean little in the industry), we have the ride sharing Tada that rewards drivers and customers with utility tokens.The potential for such applications are limitless, and it will only be a question of time before widespread adoptions from existing businesses materialise. I am also looking forward to a fast track journey towards national digital currencies, which I hope will eventually succeed at mitigating the risks and impact of global recessions just like Satoshi intended when he conceived Bitcoin.What do you enjoy most about your role with SpaceChain?Alessandra: I would have to say that the one thing that makes me love coming to work is my team. They are a bunch of talented and considerate people and I feel extremely fortunate to work with them on a daily basis. Their keen sense of curiosity and reckless ambition are two factors that are so important in the industry we cover and if there is one team that can successfully integrate blockchain technology with the aerospace industry, this is the one.On another note, the work that we are doing is truly cutting-edge. We explore uncharted territories every day with our tech and this brings up a sense of contentment that is hard to describe. I hope that, as a team, we will be able to leave a mark and build something that will truly advance the New Space Economy.Finally, I have always been a bit of an AV Geek, from plane spotting to listening to ATC conversations as a hobby. Having the opportunity to make this my full-time job is a dream come true.You can connect with Alessandra and the rest of our team as well as keep up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s developments via Twitter and subscribe to our newsletter on our website for our latest news.Moving towards a Decentralised Revolution in Outer Space was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 04. 10

SpaceChain March 2020 Month...

ANNOUNCEMENTA message to the community, from the SpaceChain team. These are challenging and uncertain times, but we feel confident that as a company and community, we can get through this together!COMMUNITY ACTIVITIESIn the newshttps://medium.com/media/ad26063bd2b768ba817fb439cb91d4e5/hrefIn this interview with btcn asia, listen to SpaceChain CEO Zee Zheng talk about blockchain being the next generation of financial infrastructure and the potential applications in outer space! Watch the video here.Worth readingAs people around the world are staying at home and practicing “social distancing,” satellites have captured incredible views of what used to be some of the most crowded places on Earth, which have now become desolate in the face of the coronavirus. Read more about it here.TECHNICAL PROGRESSElectrum Software and SPC homepage:Fixed the issues of the wallet not being recovered by the seed.The test version of wallet can now be downloaded by both Windows OS and Mac OS.Corporate user serverOur technical team reevaluated the corporate user payment address generation procedures as well as the payment address management mechanism. We optimised the procedures of transferring service fees such that the corporate user can transfer their service fees to their wallets in an easier way.We have also optimised the mechanism of receiving transaction service fees for corporate users. The transaction service fees can now be automatically transferred to the corporate users’ own wallet, improving the convenience and security of the service fees transfer process.Our tech team has finished the software development for corporate users to transfer the service fees to their own wallets. Our team will keep optimising the fees transfer mechanism and simplifying the transfer steps.Space node software developmentConfigured the new version of Linux kernel for space node software.Solved the compatibility issue in the dependent libraries of space node software. Also, we have finished the tests of updated space node software.We are working on developing the dual operating system (Linux OS and SpaceChain OS). We have finished a test version based on 4.14 Linux kernel 4.14. We will import the test version of the system to the development board for further testing.Optimised the memory allocations for Linux OS and SpaceChain OS in a dual OS configuration. The dual OS is now compatible with boards with various memory sizes.We are drafting the space node software user manual and performing joint tests with our launch partners.We have optimised the slave heartbeat monitoring and on-orbit software upgrade of SPC dual OS. We have improved the communication protocols between the two operating systems, ensuring the physical isolation of the two operating systems, while maintaining the secure communications between the two systems.Check out our monthly report every first week of the month for SpaceChain’s latest news and progress and subscribe to our newsletter!SpaceChain March 2020 Monthly Report was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 04. 03

Space junk: Why it’s everyo...

Estimates by statistical models early last year show that there are over 34,000 debris objects in orbit that are larger than 10cm in size, 900,000 that are between 1cm and 10cm and 128 Million between 1mm and 1cm!Space junk, also called space debris and space garbage, refers to human-made objects in outer space — usually in the Earth orbit — that no longer serve any purpose. These objects typically come from satellites and spent rocket stages as well as the fragments from their disintegration, erosion and collisions. They also include non-functional spacecraft, abandoned launch vehicle stages, mission-related debris and fragmentation debris.With the space industry experiencing exponential growth over the course of the last few decades (coming from the increased number of launches), the amount of junk floating in outer space is enough to draw valid concern from analysts. This figure is touted to total around 8,000 tonnes, made up of thousands of defunct satellites as well as hundreds of thousands of smaller objects that are currently impossible to assess in definite terms due to their minute size.The main concern with an increasing amount of junk floating around in outer space are in the imminent collisions that may occur with existing satellites, causing catastrophic damage. The potential harm that may arise is exacerbated by the fact that these pieces of debris travel at breakneck speeds of over 17,000 mph, which is approximately 10 times the speed of a bullet. To confound matters further, one single crash could create even more debris, causing a much greater chance of more collisions in the future.Image Credit: NASAThe issue of responsibilityThere have been several incidents across the span of the last few decades that have raised eyebrows within the space community, posing questions on the legal responsibilities that nations have when it comes to the creation of space junk. One example of this was China’s 2007 anti-satellite test (ASAT), where it blew up one of its own weather satellites. Aside from causing considerable global military tension, the space industry was also concerned that the mission left behind more than 2,000 new debris elements of trackable size in low-earth orbit.Regulations surrounding the dumping of junk are far hazier in outer space than they are on Earth, with space debris mitigation not being explicitly addressed in the five United Nations (UN) treaties that deal with outer space and related activities across the sphere.That being said, a practical interpretation of the Outer Space Treaty shows that it is the duty of all nations involved in space exploration to do their part to mitigate debris, since it can hinder their right to freely explore and use outer space. The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space also encourages all space participants to refer to its Debris Mitigation Guidelines that provides valuable strategies for the reduction of debris release during normal operations.Image Credit: PixabayJoint tracking efforts between government bodies and private enterpriseEfforts to track space junk have been made on both the government agency as well as private enterprise front.According to their website, NASA’s Orbital Debris Program Office (ODPO) conducts measurements of the orbital environment and implements mitigation measures to protect the users within it. The programme is aimed at creating an improved understanding of the orbital debris environment and measures that can be taken to control debris growth.On the commercial front, companies such as LeoLabs are monitoring up to 250,000 dangerous objects smaller than 10 centimeters (4 inches) wide that orbit Earth. This data will be key in assisting satellite operators and government agencies to avoid catastrophic collisions during their endeavours in outer space.Image Credit: PixabayTechnological advancements to reduce orbital debrisThe space industry has responded appropriately to growing concerns of increased debris floating in outer space, coming out with solutions that promise to solve the issue.The European Space Agency (ESA), commissioned the world’s first space debris removal program in late 2019. The initiative named ClearSpace-1 will help establish a new market for in-orbit servicing, as well as debris removal by launching the world’s first orbiting junk collector, a four-armed robot that tracks down space waste like Pac-Man in a maze, by 2025.A harpoon developed by Airbus Defence and Space in Stevenage, England, has also proven to clean-up orbital traffic lanes, collecting dead satellites and rockets and driving them back into Earth’s atmosphere to burn up.There has also been a myriad of proposed solutions made by private companies to solve space debris issues that could be rolled out over the span of the next several years. One such enterprise has a plan to work with governments and businesses to build a retrieval mechanism within a spacecraft before a launch. If the satellite fails prematurely, an Astroscale spacecraft would launch to intercept the defunct satellite and dispose of it.The issue of space junk is one that SpaceChain is constantly aware of. We strongly advocate for standard practices in dealing with deorbiting satellites and embrace any further advancement in technologies to deal with this problem.As always, you can keep up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s exciting developments via Twitter. You can also subscribe to our newsletter via our website for our latest news.Space junk: Why it’s everyone’s problem was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 03. 18

SpaceChain February 2020 Mo...

ANNOUNCEMENTSpaceChain has suspended working with CPDAX, and the last day of trading for SPC was on 19 Feb 2020, 3pm (GMT+9). Members are advised to withdraw their SPC to their personal wallet or transfer to another exchange ASAP.COMMUNITY ACTIVITIESIn the newsSpaceChain CEO Zee Zheng was featured in the digital edition of Geospatial World magazine (page 80). Read to know about the latest geospatial technology, application, research and business trends!In addition, Zee also appeared in the Business Times (page 17) under the section Views From the Top, where CEOs and business leaders contribute their views to weekly industry hot topics. The week’s topic is the Singapore Budget 2020.Networking and business developmentSpaceChain CCO Nick Trudgen visited a myriad of places in February for networking activities, such as OneWeb global headquarters, located in London. OneWeb recently sent 34 satellites into orbit on a Soyuz rocket from Baikonur in Kazakhstan, fuelled by 18 million pounds of funding from the UK Space Agency via ESA, to build a mega-constellation to provide global satellite internet.Nick was at Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL) in Guildford to talk about the ESA Lunar Pathfinder mission, which will provide telecommunications services for the Moon, with Goonhilly Earth Station Ltd in Cornwall supporting the telemetry, tracking, and control (TT&C) satellite subsystem.He attended the Industry Day on the Copernicus Space Components Ground Segment Operations Services Competitions. Located in Frascati, Italy, it is dedicated to research involving earth observation data taken from satellites, among other specialised activities. The establishment currently hosts the European Space Agency’s development team for the Vega launcher.Interesting readsAccuracy and Authenticity in Earth Observation DataWe live in a world today where the gathering and analysis of volumes of data are integral to our future survival, with Earth Observation Data (EOD) becoming one of the most invaluable tools for providing an understanding of and evaluating the systems we have in place. This article takes a look at how EOD is instrumental in shaping today’s world, particularly when it comes to the information collated by satellites.The Future of Satellite ConstellationsDid you know that there are 128 million debris objects in orbit that are between 1mm and 1cm in size? And that’s not even including the number of larger sized space junk. Find out more in our blog on space junk and why you should care.TECHNICAL PROGRESSSolved two issues of SPC server:1. Added measures to handle the cases that OTP validation fails in our SPC server.2. Added a verification mechanism during the corporate user registration process.Electrum client and corporate user registration webpage:1. Optimised the UI of Electrum software and added the SpaceChian multisignature logo to the Electrum software.2. Received the first version of the corporate user registration web page from NEU.Conducted multisignature transaction tests:We have performed the tests of the overall transaction processes including corporate user registration, corporate user server initialization, multi-signature transaction. We are currently working on solving the problems during these processes.Client server:1. Modified the design of the corporate user webpage.2. Improved the process of compressing/decompressing the transaction files.3. Completed the test to handle the cases of inputting the wrong OTP.4. Tested the new functions of the corporate user server.Space node software upgrades:We are working on upgrading the SpaceNode software to make it more compatible with Linux OS. We have modified two things:Using a new toolchain.Modifying the parameters in the Makefile.More software developments:1. Solved the incompatibility issue between the network interface controller and SD card in a dual-OS environment.2. Working on the incompatibility issue of drivers in a dual-OS environment.3. Upgrading dependent libraries of SpaceNode software to fit with the new version of the kernel.4. Fixed a bug regarding the update of the OTP secret.Check out our monthly report for SpaceChain’s latest news and progress and subscribe to our newsletter!SpaceChain February 2020 Monthly Report was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

SpaceChain

20. 03. 03

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