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위성을 발사하여 인터넷이 불가능한 사각지대 및 어디서든 블록체인 시스템을 활용하여 전 세계적으로 공유하는 공공 통신 인프라와 매우 유사한 네트워크 인프라를 구축을 목표로 합니다.

Executives and partners

Zee Zheng

Co-founder & CEO

Jeff Garzik

Co-founder & CTO

Nick Trudgen

CCO & SpaceChain UK Director



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SpaceChain June 2020 Monthl...

ANNOUNCEMENTSSpaceChain Foundation’s Blockchain Hardware Installed on the International Space Station Foundation is excited to announce that our blockchain hardware embedded with the multisignature wallet technology has been installed on the International Space Station (ISS)! The installation was conducted by astronaut Jessica Meir, who is also a marine biologist, physiologist, and more recently, the participant of the first all women space walk. In addition, track the node via our tracker to its exact location in orbit! Read more here.Year in ReviewTake a journey through 2019 where we showcase our milestones, achievements, and growth in the updated Year In Review! With each passing year, we are striving to realise the dream of a New Space Economy.SpaceChain strives to constantly add more functionalities and improve existing framework with each launch. For example, we have increased our capabilities to process 100 transactions per transmission, compared to 1 transaction per transmission previously.COMMUNITY ACTIVITIESSpaceChain Foundation Aims To Unlock The Potential Of The New Space EconomyIn this interview with Superb Crew, SpaceChain CTO Jeff Garzik talks more about the collaboration with Core Semiconductor, and the challenges they might face while solving a myriad of problems from security to privacy through blockchain.Fossa Systems’ Chief Executive Officer and Co-founder Julian Fernandez about issues around picosatellites, open-source space and the future of the space industry.Check out the interview we had with CEO Julian Fernandez to understand what Fossa Systems is doing to democratise access to space and telecommunications as a hardware manufacturer and his advice for budding entrepreneurs!Worth readingHow blockchain will help send people into spaceOne different key space will likely be tokenisation, which can allow an extra environment-friendly alternate or communication of assorted house assets. Aravind Ravichandran predicts that house tokenisation will fall into three broad classes. Find out what in the article!How can increased latency make blockchain transactions safer? slow transfer speeds help with heightening security? In this video interview with BTCN Asia, SpaceChain CEO Zee Zheng highlights an incident that happened which will make you think so!TECHNICAL PROGRESSSpaceChain server developmentSummarised the main functions of SpaceChain server and investigated the service architecture of the current wallets. Currently optimising the functions of our service architecture.Designed the communication protocols between the SPC server and the ground station. Waiting for input from various collaborators.Space node software developmentUpdated the mechanism of generating the private keys on the payload. The number of involved dependent libraries have been decreased. The revised private keys generation module uses less system resources. We are currently testing the revised private keys generation module.Updated the space node software and relevant interface.Tested the updated interfaces for space node software.Updated the space node software, including interfaces of signature generation and encryption.SpaceChain server architecture updateTo simplify the procedures of the multisignature transaction on the ground and to support more types of cryptocurrencies, we are discussing the new SpaceChain server architecture and are designing the overall architecture.Check out our monthly report every first week of the month for SpaceChain’s latest news and progress and subscribe to our newsletter!SpaceChain June 2020 Monthly Report was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


20. 07. 01

SpaceChain Foundation’s Blo...

SpaceChain Foundation is excited to announce that our blockchain hardware embedded with the multisignature wallet technology has been installed on the International Space Station (ISS)! The installation was conducted by astronaut Jessica Meir, who is also a marine biologist, physiologist, and more recently, the participant of the first all women space walk. second-generation blockchain hardware (Fig. 1) is housed in a 1U NanoLab (Fig. 2) that is designed by Nanoracks. Thanks to the modularised features of the hardware, astronaut Jessica Meir is able to easily plug the NanoLab into the research platform via a USB port to power up our hardware. This allows us to send data and command files from the ground station to our ISS hardware, and vice versa. Check out how the full installation was done here.Fig. 1: SpaceChain Foundation Blockchain Hardware — second-generation flight-tested ZYNQ board (IPC-A-610 Class 3), Linux OS, dual ARM Cortex processor, gigabyte ECC memory, and EMI shielding.Fig. 2: A 1U NanoLab module (10 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm). Photo: NanoracksWhy put blockchain in space?In a standard terrestrial blockchain transaction, one private key is used to complete a transaction which is then broadcast to the network. If that private key becomes known by a malicious entity, all of the funds can be lost. Multisig (multisignature) technology requires more than one private key approval in order to authorise a transaction, rendering the transaction vastly more secure than standard single-signature methods. Furthermore, multisig mechanism provides an effective way of managing accounts/assets that are jointly held by multiple parties. The SpaceChain Foundation implementation adds the remoteness and security of low-Earth orbit infrastructure to multisig to create something entirely new.“The integration of space and blockchain technologies has uncovered new possibilities and opportunities and we are very excited about the prospect of working closely with financial service providers, fintech and Bitcoin developers, IoT service providers, research institutions and space agencies in the coming months to further accelerate advancements within the ecosystem,” said Zee Zheng, SpaceChain co-founder and CEO.This opportunity was provided via Nanoracks and their Space Act Agreement with NASA. The launch aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 took place from the Kennedy Space Center on 5 December 2019. Read more here. With each SpaceChain launch, we are moving closer to our vision of furthering a New Space Economy — enabling space agencies, industries and innovators to access and collaborate in space using decentralised technology.You can track our orbiting space payloads in real-time with our Node Tracker.We truly appreciate your constant support. Let’s keep building the New Space Economy together! Stay up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s exciting developments via Twitter or subscribe to our newsletter here.SpaceChain Foundation’s Blockchain Hardware Installed on the International Space Station was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


20. 06. 25

The Open-Source Revolution ...

As part of our series of interviews with space and blockchain industry thought leaders, we had a chat with Fossa Systems’ Chief Executive Officer and Co-founder Julian Fernandez about issues around picosatellites, open-source space and the future of the space industry.Fossa Systems is dedicated to the development of open- source picosatellites enabling experimental worldwide IoT connectivity and democratising space. Learn more about Fossa Systems here and check out their GitHub repository.1. What made you decide to set up Fossa Systems?Julian: My interest in space and COTS hardware spans back to 2017 when I started working on femtosatellites (Sub 100g spacecraft). I have also worked on various IoT related projects for remote asset monitorisation. This last experience further taught me the need for remote IoT connectivity.Fossa Systems was initially created in response to the market need for inexpensive and fast solutions regarding worldwide connectivity. Our goal is to democratise access to space and telecommunications as a hardware manufacturer. This means developing inexpensive satellite platforms and operating these low-cost systems.We actually started Fossa Systems as a non-profit project on an online forum in 2018. Back then, we were students and needed a cheap way of getting to space.2. How does a free and open-source mentality contribute to the development of the New Space industry?Julian: Our name Fossa Systems indicates Free Open Source Software and Aerospace Systems. As such, open source is a major part of our business model. We believe it is imperative that we develop space technology in an open manner for the benefit of all.This can be perfectly linked to a successful business model as we are demonstrating with the launch of three satellites to this date. New Space is a rapidly developing and advancing industry where secrecy only constitutes an impediment to the general advancement of the market.3. Tell us more about the FossaSat-1 and FossaSat-2 satellites and their applications.Julian: Having learnt from the design of the FossaSat-1 satellite, which we launched in December 2019, we made improvements to the architecture and developed the FossaSat-2. This new picosatellite platform caters to the current market need for Low-Earth Orbit (LEO) telecommunications constellations and performance-oriented integrated solutions for customer payloads such as radio modules or Earth Observation (EO) sensors.Based on the PocketQube platform, the FossaSat-2 is only 5x5x5cm big, and weighs a mere 250g. Its compact size and weight greatly reduces the current cost for access to space. Plus, it costs under 40,000€ (USD$44,000) for access to a 500km LEO with existing brokers.Both the FossaSat-1 and FossaSat-2 are mainly used for telecommunications and are initially being tested with these payloads. But, they can also be used for other mission specific payloads such as EO cameras. In fact, the FossaSat-2 will be flying the first camera on a picosatellite into space.You can find out more about each satellite here.4. What will be the real-world applications for Fossa System’s work on LoRa technology for the internet of things?Julian: LoRa was successfully tested on the FossaSat-1 satellite that we launched in December 2019. LoRa allows 3€ terminals to communicate with a satellite within ISM band limitations. It truly constitutes a major breakthrough in modulations that will allow the creation of global low-power IoT constellations.We are currently planning on using our future LoRa services for remote asset management and other non-accessible terminals.5. Which partners have Fossa Systems worked with in developing and launching your picosatellites?Julian: Fossa Systems has been mostly funded by Everis Aerospace & Defense, a company of the NTT Data Group. We have worked with various large aerospace companies on the development of our technology and have most recently started working with the ESA Galileo Science Office for flying GNSS receivers on our satellites.6. What are some of the biggest challenges you have faced in building Fossa Systems?Julian: Building a New Space company definitely is not an easy job. It is such a new market and we are always adventuring into unknown territory. Our biggest challenge has already been undertaken with the launch of our first satellite. The next challenge is to establish ourselves as a respected and trustworthy hardware provider in the industry. We are also still studying the challenging possibility of offering services using our hardware in LEO.7. Can you share some of your plans for Fossa Systems for the next couple of years?Julian: Fossa Systems is in the process of registering a more formal commercial division to further advance the professional development of Fossa’s satellites in the growing market. Fossa Systems will always keep its initial values and objectives as a priority. We are opening our office in Madrid in the coming months and are looking to professionalise our production chain to take on more serious contracts.8. How do you see the space industry developing in the short and long term?Julian: With regards to the evolution of satellite size in the industry, we are definitely going to see further miniaturisation and advancement of COTS technology for LEO. I believe large mega constellations do not pose a serious risk to the market we are targeting regarding IoT, but they are starting to pose a serious risk to the cluttering of orbital planes.This year alone we have had three close calls between our FossaSat-1 and one of Elon Musk’s Starlink satellites. The COVID-19 pandemic also poses a serious effect on the short-term investment in satellite businesses (as apparent with the bankruptcy filing of OneWeb), but in the long term, I believe we will ultimately recover.9. Which space technology developments most excite you?Julian: We are very excited about the development of electric propulsion and are actually flying Pulsed Plasma Thrusters from Applied Ion Systems as one of our payloads. We look forward to seeing what electrospray technology brings to the table with regards to in-orbit manoeuvring technology.10. How do you see blockchain contributing to the space sector?Julian: Blockchain has actually been on Fossa System’s radar since its creation. We believe it will have and is already having a significant impact on the way we are able to safely communicate and store data in a decentralised manner. We are starting to see immense progress in this field such as the use of cubesats for carrying out blockchain transactions in space.11. What advice would you give to young entrepreneurs thinking about starting their own space startup?Julian: It is important to have a clear and differentiating goal when creating a startup. There are lots of competitors in the New Space market at this stage, and lots of them have years of experience behind them. Patience and determination is important, but what seems like the most important quality is speed. Clients expect fast turnaround solutions, and in this industry, you have to constantly run to keep up with the rest. In part, this is our philosophy at Fossa Systems which is quite distant to what we see in larger and older satellite hardware manufacturers.12. What are your thoughts about the Decentralised Satellite Infrastructure (DSI) that SpaceChain is leading and developing?Julian: As a hardware manufacturer and service provider, we see SpaceChain’s ideas of creating a DSI completely align with our ideas and values. We hope to be able to work with SpaceChain on implementing and getting their technology into LEO using our platforms.Click here to check out our other interview series with SpaceChain COO Alessandra Albano.Keep up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s developments via Twitter and subscribe to our newsletter on our website for our latest news.The Open-Source Revolution in Outer Space was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


20. 06. 19

SpaceChain 2020년 5월 보고서

공지사항SpaceChain Foundation 은 위성 간 직접 통신을 위한 개방형 하드웨어 플랫폼을 생산하기 위해 핵심 반도체에 투자하기로 하였다우리는 지구나 제 3의 네트워크 상에서 위성 안테나를 사용하지 않고 궤도에 있는 위성으로부터 휴대폰과 소형 장치에 직접 다운링크를 제공할 수 있는 세계 최초의 오픈 소스 하드웨어 플랫폼을 생산하기 위한 코어 반도체와의 상업 및 투자 파트너쉽을 발표하게 되어 매우 기쁩니다. 자세한 내용은 여기 에서 더 읽어보세요.또한, 새로운 GPS 수신기를 구축해야 하는 이유에 대해 자세히 알아봅시다.커뮤니티 활동SpaceChain CTO Jeff Garzik 와의 인터뷰로켓 발사, 우주에 대한 낮은 장벽, 인공위성을 우주에서 유용한 일을 하기 위해 컴퓨터로 바꾸는 기술에 대한 스페이스 체인 CTO Jeff Garzik의 생각입니다. 수많은 핵심 요소들을 여기에서 살펴보세요!확장 가능한 새로운 공간 경제를 위해 블록체인으로 공간 데이터를 잠금 해제합니다SpaceChain COO Alessandra Albano 의 #SpaceWatchGL 의견 자료에서 그녀는 우주 기술의 발전과 블록체인과 결합하여 지상 네트워크에서 안전하고 확장 가능하며 가치를 향상 시키는 데이터 공유를 가능하게 하는 방법에 대해 자세히 설명합니다. 우주 기술을 무엇에 활용하겠습니까?Reddit AMA5월 28일, SpaceChain CTO Jeff Garzik 와 Core Semiconductor CEO Jeff Dionne는 Reddit 에서 AMA를 개최하여 우리의 협업과 향후 제품에 대한 질문에 답변했습니다. 오픈 소스 하드웨어 플랫폼입니다. 여기에서Q&A를 읽어보세요!글로벌 분산형 위성 네트워크에서 사용할 수 있습니다BTCBOX 의 2 부 SpaceChain CEO Zee Zheng 과의 인터뷰를 읽고 글로벌 분산형 위성 네트워크를 구성하는 핵심 “중요포인트”가 무엇인지 알아봅시다!기술 진행회사 사용자 서버● Android 버전의 OTP 검증 응용 프로그램을 완료했습니다.● 디코딩 및 RSA 공용 키 생성의 UI를 개발했으며 새로운 기능이 개발되고 있습니다.● 기업 사용자 OTP 앱 개발을 완료하였습니다.● OTP 애플리케이션과 호환되도록 SPC 암호화 기능을 업데이트 예정입니다.스페이스 노드 소프트웨어 개발● 스페이스 노드 소프트웨어 코드/사용 설명서 작성 완료하여 코드를 테스트 중에 있습니다.● SpaceChain OS에서 메모리 할당을 최적화하여 공간 노드 소프트웨어가 충분한 스토리지 공간을 확보할 수 있도록 테스트 중입니다.● 전체 소프트웨어 패키지와 사용 설명서를 당사 출시 파트너에게 전달하였습니다.매월 첫째 주 스페이스체인의 최신 뉴스와 진행 상황에 대한 월간 보고서를 확인하고 뉴스레터 를 구독하세요!SpaceChain 2020년 5월 보고서 was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


20. 06. 11

SpaceChain May 2020 Monthly...

New commercial investment, and more.ANNOUNCEMENTSSpaceChain Foundation Invests in Core Semiconductor to Produce Open Hardware Platform for Direct Satellite-to-Devices CommunicationWe are excited to announce our commercial and investment partnership with Core Semiconductor to produce the world’s first open-source hardware platform capable of providing a downlink to mobile phones and small devices directly from satellites in orbit, without the use of a satellite dish on Earth or a third-party network. Read more here.Plus, learn more about why there was a need to build a new GPS receiver.COMMUNITY ACTIVITIESInterview with SpaceChain CTO Jeff GarzikSpaceChain CTO Jeff Garzik’s thoughts on rocket launches, lower barriers to space, and the technology to turn satellites into computers to do useful work in space. Check out the numerous key takeaways!Unlocking Space Data With Blockchain For A Scalable New Space EconomyIn this #SpaceWatchGL opinion piece by SpaceChain COO Alessandra Albano, she details the development of space technologies and how its merger with blockchain makes safe, scalable, and value-enhancing data sharing possible in terrestrial networks. What would you leverage space technologies for?Reddit AMAOn May 28, SpaceChain CTO Jeff Garzik and Core Semiconductor CEO Jeff Dionne held an AMA on reddit to answer questions about our collaboration and the upcoming product — an open-source hardware platform. Read the compiled Q&A here!On Global Decentralised Satellite NetworksRead part 2 of BTCBOX’s interview with SpaceChain CEO Zee Zheng and find out what are the key “ingredients” that make up a Global Decentralised Satellite Network!TECHNICAL PROGRESSCorporate user serverFinished the android version of OTP verification application.Developed the UI of decoding and RSA public keys generation. New functions are being developed.Completed the development of the corporate user OTP app.Updating the SPC encryption function to be more compatible with OTP applications.Space node software developmentCompleted the code of space node software and we are testing the code. The user manual has been worked on.Optimised the memory allocation in the SpaceChain OS so that the space node software has enough storage space. The tests are ongoing.Sent the complete software package and user manual to our launch partner.Check out our monthly report every first week of the month for SpaceChain’s latest news and progress and subscribe to our newsletter!SpaceChain May 2020 Monthly Report was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


20. 06. 02

AMA with Jeff Garzik and Je...

Topic of Discussion: An open-source hardware platform for Direct Satellite-to-Devices CommunicationOn May 28, 2020, Jeff Garzik and Jeff Dionne held an AMA on Reddit.Jeff Garzik is the CTO of SpaceChain Foundation. He is known for being the key Bitcoin core developer who worked under Satoshi Nakamoto for two years. His work can be found in every bitcoin and miner.Jeff Dionne is the CEO of Core Semiconductor. He is known for uClinux, from which most embedded Linux systems are derived, and developing many other game-changing embedded systems hardware and software technologies.Garzik and Dionne have always been passionate about pushing the boundaries of space and blockchain applications; a few of the past projects they have worked on are Linux kernel and Bitcoin Core.They love to share more about their experiences being in their respective industries, such as the formation of the open-source industry, open hardware, fabless semiconductor development, nano-satellites, cryptocurrency, and more.In this AMA, they discuss their development for their latest project — an open-source hardware platform that is capable of providing a downlink to mobile phones and small devices directly from satellites in orbit — all without the use of a satellite dish on Earth or a third-party network.Here are some of the highlights:1. What is in your opinion the best node or process to target when optimising price to performance ratio and having a low digital chip volume? What processes can we expect from the first Silicon running J-Core?Dionne: It’s just my opinion… it depends on the application (maybe you can elaborate). At the moment with that caveat and in general terms, I’d probably say 55nm. It’s a commodity process and every fab offers it. But take that with a grain of salt, to properly answer the question I’d want to know the application but also the gate count, budget and what performance means to you. I’m assuming you’re talking about a general purpose embedded application with a CPU.We’re working on a customer project that has a chance to be the first tapeout for CoreSemi in late 2020. Depending on their volume, we’ll probably target 55nm, but we already have some (not portable) IP blocks in 152nm from a previous design we could leverage.There is also the idea that we might try and do a fully open (right down to the standard cells and IO pads) design that the community could reproduce. That would be 350nm, because shuttle runs are on the order of $10k.The first application processor for J-Core will likely be quad core on 28nm, but that is a ways out yet.2. That large process size sounds a lot like what is targeting. Have you looked into them?Dionne: Yes, and also relevant is Part of the problem with using smaller process nodes in a completely open design is the NDAs that are needed. There are actual fab design rule documents that can be had for older processes… Once the business model of completely open designs has been proven to the fabs, we are hoping the situation improves.Still doesn’t solve the issue that 180nm might be within reach of an open hardware Crowd Supply, but 28nm isn’t really.3. What is the current performance of your GNSS implementation in terms of sample per min, latency and accuracy? Is there room for some more light computation on the current JCore you are using like drone flight control or robot control?Dionne: The released GNSS RTL is designed to produce one output from the hardware engine to the host CPU every 1 ms. It’s the task of the software part to turn those raw samples into fix updates (for location). So the answer is updates can be as often as you take outputs from the software tracking loops and run the solution solver. We’ve not yet released the software side, probably that will take a few weeks or a month. We previously used this engine for precise timing, in overdetermined clock mode, and that isn’t in general what the community will want.In a drone application, a dual J-Core SoC on an FPGA is definitely sufficient, a configuration that is basically a sweet spot for size and cost of the chip. If we were to put that on an ASIC, you could use a fairly cheap process and have plenty of DSP capability for flight control etc.Would such a chip, or an FPGA board with a form factor useful for drone/robot control be something you think would be interesting?4. Today’s setup for precision GPS requires RTK, so you end up with additional hardware. People are flying drones or driving robots on RPi, and so the size wouldn’t be a problem for a Turtle board. There is hat for RPi for this kind of application, but they aren’t really open hardware ( ). Just finding which pins emlid use is not obvious… I would think there would be some interest in a high precision drone setup that fit in a RPi format.Dionne: Ok, thanks for the feedback. The receiver board that CoreSemi and SpaceChain put together fits on the Turtle Platform… We intend both of those to go up on Crowd Supply. We’re working on it, and we intend to do it in the next few months, but that has been slow going so no promises just yet.Hearing there is interest definitely helps.5. Did I miss the J32 release? If not when will it be out? Also how can the community help Core Semi?Dionne: Coming up this summer. Software generally takes longer than hardware, J2 is well tested and supported by everything from the compilers to OS and application side, J32 CPU hardware needs that complete package before it can see wide use.If we engage with the community to test and port software to the J32 platform (when released), that will be a great help in getting there. In the meantime, clone our repos, support our Crowd Supply, and support our partner SpaceChain whose support made these releases possible.6. I am interested in knowing why SpaceChain decided to invest in Core Semiconductor when it is less than 6 months old?Garzik: CoreSemi’s team and technology are much older than 6 months. The team has been involved in Linux and open source for 15+ years, and at the time had already developed a clean room implementation of the Hitachi SuperH processor (dubbed “J-core”), with themselves and some of the original Hitachi chip engineers.SpaceChain wanted to help that team revive and market this open source hardware, as a fresh base for a new line of chips that can be used in space as well as on the ground.SpaceChain has an interest in having open source hardware widely used — “with many eyes, all bugs are shallow” — investing in CoreSemi acts as a force multiplier for Spacechain and the whole open source ecosystem, which largely runs on closed processors today. The security value of open source means we can change that.7. How can CoreSemi justify going with J-Core (SuperH) when RISC-V is all the rage? What relationship do you see J-Core having with RISC-V?Dionne: We see J-Core and RISC-V existing in slightly different application spaces. J-Core arguably has better instruction set characteristics for deeply embedded applications (such as this GNSS / Downlink) and RISC-V is designed more as a competitor to ARM.Both cores have the goal of democratizing the space, the differences in design philosophy with J-Core (SHCompact ISA) being more like an x86 with highly encoded, compiler friendly instructions. No one can argue that approach doesn’t have application. IMHO RISC-V is emphasizing clean and simple, directly implemented pipelines. Having both gives us all choice. In fact some of SpaceChain’s engineers are core developers of a well known RISC-V implementation called Hummingbird E203.8. Because of COVID-19 there will be no in-person conferences where you could present J-Core and recent developments.Do you plan to do long form presentations/podcasts where you tell us about what’s next, why things always take longer, what sessions you learned etc?Dionne: Community engagement is important to us. We think given the constraints on in person presentations, the best plan seems to be a series of videos (YouTube and probably Things do take longer than one imagines or would like, but the reason for that is never problems with the technology.One thing I’d say we’ve learned is that there is no substitute for clean, buildable and well documented releases of the technology that have a hardware platform people can get their hands on. That is different from the pure open source software only model, and it’s a limiting factor for growth of open hardware. So we set out to change that. Our plan to do that is this:Build a production version of the Jx FPGA platform (turtle board) (done)With our partner SpaceChain, develop an application people can use (GNSS, and Downlink for things like IoT command and control, cryptographic hashes for light wallets, etc). Make the ‘hat’ board for that open also (this announcement)Release the RTL (done), and then the software (in progress)Get these kits into the hands of developers so they can build on top of our workBegin publishing videos to show how to do that.Numbers 4 and 5 are obviously one response to the global situation, but also have the benefit of producing artifacts people can work from in the future.9. Garzik, I recall multi-tenant computing on satellites being mentioned. What do you see as use cases where tenants want to run code on satellites?Colour me naive but the only thing that strikes me is access to the sensor data of the satellite but I guess it would be cheaper to just send the complete data down and process it on some normal computer?Garzik: The existing satellite industry model is: one sat owner, one operator (often same as owner), and closed software, usually for a single purpose.With modern software sandboxing, we can open that model up, making a — arguably risky — move to permit customers to upload their software. That’s brand new to the satellite industry, even though it is familiar and boring to the mobile phone and blockchain industries, where multi-app is normal.Opening up the closed satellite industry model is key to making access to space less expensive and more egalitarian.10. Do you have any use case examples where it would make sense to run my code above the clouds and instead of in the cloud?Garzik: It was a point of economics: the more people that access a satellite, the lower the cost, which creates new business models that are not possible today due to higher costs, as well as making existing space business models much lower cost.With regards to use cases, there are a few categories:The software is associated with a specific type of satellite payload (usually a type of camera or other sensor), authenticating and encrypting the data directly at the physical source. Multiple tenants can securely share physical satellite resources. This can only be done at the physical device, which is located in space.Increasing the number of spacecraft throughout inner space, LEO/GEO, produces the need to avoid going space-to-ground-to-space for a number of different applications. In-space processing is faster due to the laws of physics.Elements of space settlement. Businesses that want to explore space jurisdictions have already existed, but never before had a meaningful way to truly operate off-planet in a way that matches the org’s decentralised / resilient goals.Those business models that were created by entrepreneurs, just as the Internet itself spawned many new businesses and business models not thought of when the pre-Web engineers were sending text-based email to each other.11. When can we see actual use cases for SpaceChain? Does it have any real use case since it is a utility token?Garzik: Space business occurs on frustratingly slow timescales! I wish the world would go faster.Ultimately, it takes a long time to build a space network.The space network will use tokens for (1) network registration, (2) network access, and (3) one of several payment methods for space-based activities such as remote sensing, remote imaging, transmission, data storage and more.We are working on that specific whitepaper right now. We call it “DSI”, the Decentralized Satellite Infrastructure. Keep an eye on Will people be able to contribute to the whitepaper? I am very interested in contributing to the whitepaperGarzik: Yes, the whitepaper will be one of the repositories on the Github. It will be open to contributions for a couple months, then frozen.13. I’m curious how you are going to bring some kind of economic value to investors of SPC?Will it be for the usage of the network? Or are you planning to maybe move to some kind of DAO situation?Garzik: There are at least three targets for the SPC token: network access, network usage, and payment. The general thesis is that everyday SPC holders benefit from there being demand for the token, generated by people acquiring the token in order to use it for space services, both terrestrial services as well as in-space services being paid for with SPC.14. You keep claiming SpaceChain is open source and decentralized. So far there has never been any repository open to developers. Leave alone, not much peer review possible because there are no github updates. When Web 3.0 is evolving so fast how will you handle competition?What if SpaceChain takes too long and never takes off like how Dunvegan Systems never took off?Garzik: There are several repositories available at recently, thanks in part to SpaceChain, there are also repositories at and of working code has been made available to the open source community. SpaceChain has also tested a lot of this code in space conditions, on the International Space Station and in the satellites SpaceChain has launched.Space is slow but progress is clear… and open.Check out the full AMA here.Keep up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s developments via Twitter and subscribe to our newsletter on our website for our latest news.AMA with Jeff Garzik and Jeff Dionne was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


20. 06. 01

SpaceChain Foundation Inves...

SpaceChain Foundation Invests in Core Semiconductor to Produce Open Hardware Platform for Direct Satellite-to-Devices CommunicationInitiative furthers SpaceChain Foundation’s decentralised network infrastructure vision and uncovers new possibilities for Internet of Things (IoT) applicationsSINGAPORE — May 19, 2020 — SpaceChain Foundation today announced it has contracted and invested in Core Semiconductor, an innovator in provably secure computing platforms for all connected devices, to produce the world’s first open-source hardware platform capable of providing a downlink to mobile phones and small devices directly from satellites in orbit, without the use of a satellite dish on Earth or a third-party network.With security inherently built-in, the technology is designed with the blockchain industry in mind and to bring blockchain applications to a global user base.Core Semiconductor has designed the platform to be small enough to fit inside any handheld device. With a commodity price point, the platform is affordable and is easy to deploy, making it perfect for any company or hobbyist to incorporate. The technology is designed for low bitrate applications of around 1250 bytes per minute, making it ideal for verifying blockchain hashes and encrypted signatures.“GPS is a low data rate protocol that has transformed the way we navigate the world and created over US$400 billion in equity value,” said Jeff Garzik, SpaceChain Foundation co-founder and CTO. “We want to do the same for emerging digital economies. Adding secure direct downlink and location capability to devices on a robust multi-layer global decentralised infrastructure will bring blockchain to mass adoption.”As the hardware platform is open-source, anyone can verify the security and correctness of the design themselves, directly on GitHub. The public is encouraged to check out the code and test it out at and“We look forward to our long-term partnership with SpaceChain as we collectively uncover new possibilities and opportunities with next-generation open-source innovations,” said Jeff Dionne, CEO, Core Semiconductor. “This milestone underscores how we can unlock the benefits of the New Space Economy.”SpaceChain Foundation believes in the future of open-source blockchain hardware and is an investor in Core Semiconductor. This partnership allows for accessibility and unencumbered collaborations, and marks the beginning of a number of planned components to support decentralised space hardware and the New Space Economy.###About SpaceChain FoundationSpaceChain Foundation fosters decentralised infrastructure for the New Space Economy. By combining space and blockchain technologies SpaceChain Foundation is making the development of space applications easier and making space more accessible. For more information, visit Core SemiconductorCore Semiconductor is a fabless semiconductor manufacturer aiming to provide the world’s first provably secure open computing platform for all connected devices, creating an end-to-end solution with hardware enforced security. Core Semiconductor is dedicated to democratising access to secure device technologies. We envision a future in which trust and security is guaranteed in every interaction with the digital world, protecting our fundamental rights to privacy and freedom of communication and thought. For more information, visit Contacts:Nicolette OngSpaceChainnicolette@spacechain.comTony TanAutonomy for SpaceChain+65 6570 9139tony@autonomy.marketingSpaceChain Foundation Invests in Core Semiconductor to Produce Open Hardware Platform for Direct… was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


20. 05. 19

SpaceChain April 2020 Month...

COMMUNITY ACTIVITIESInterview with SpaceChain COO Alexandra AlbanoWe sat down with Chief Operating Officer Alessandra Albano to find out more about her role with SpaceChain and where the blockchain industry is heading in the foreseeable future. Read the interview here!Space Law DecodedCan anyone own the moon? Take a look at how these laws prevent space from becoming the wild west and learn how peace and order are kept in outer space here.On blockchain and spaceSpaceChain CEO Zee Zheng lets you in on his humble beginnings to creating SpaceChain and also, his thoughts about the fusion of blockchain and space. Read his interview featured in BTCBOX here!Worth readingIn 2019, space tech investment reached an all-time high worldwide, with funding expected to rise to US$2.7 trillion over the next thirty years. These 5 south east asian companies dabbling in space tech are worth taking a look at!TECHNICAL PROGRESSCorporate user serverWorked on the mechanism of receiving service fees for corporate users.Finished the development of batch derivation of private keys of the address of receiving service fees.Fine-tuned the architecture to avoid the bugs during docker deployment, and also removed the step of building docker servers for corporate users. We will be continuously working on the corporate user server development.Optimising the OTP generation mechanism of corporate user servers. Plus, we are developing a mobile application that can achieve functions of (1) decoding OTP secret and (2) generating OTP. As such, corporate users can complete the OTP related process in one mobile application that is more secure and convenient.Space node software developmentPerformed the test on the SPC dual operating system on the hardware that is similar to the on-orbit development board. We are working on (1) identifying potential incompatibility issues and (2) ensuring that our dual OS can be operated on the real on-orbit software properly.Finished the on-orbit upgrade and development of SpaceChain OS, as well as upgraded the kernel and system services of SpaceChain OS.Completed the development of the slave core heartbeat monitoring function. Through monitoring the slave core heartbeat (i.e. communications between Linux OS and SpaceChain OS), Linux OS can monitor the status of SpaceChain OS.Discussed the dependencies between the blockchain node and bitcoin software. We have confirmed the dependent libraries that need to be migrated to SpaceChain OS for next-stage software migration.Currently working on (1) the architecture design of the software based on the potential customers’ requirements, (2) confirming the essential interface ports and software implementation plan. We are working the detailed software development plans on the dual OS by considering the relevant security issues.Drafting the documents of system upgrade and user manual of introducing SpaceChain OS.Check out our monthly report every first week of the month for SpaceChain’s latest news and progress and subscribe to our newsletter!SpaceChain April 2020 Monthly Report was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


20. 05. 04

Space Law Decoded

All you need to know about how peace and order is kept in outer spaceImage Credit: PixabayThe topic of space law flows into several grey areas that stump even the most seasoned of professionals in the field. Are there set laws that govern the space realm? Who has intellectual property (IP) rights in outer space? Does any one country have more jurisdiction than the other? Is it the Wild West up there where anything and everything goes?The short answer to the above is that the arena is likened to a global commons, a realm of shared ownership such as the high seas, our overall atmosphere and the Antarctic. This basically means that every participating party or nation is responsible to cooperate in maintaining the landscape for the good of present and future civilisations.Image Credit: UnsplashFive treaties to maintain peace and orderThe United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS) has five treaties in place that create parameters and boundaries to guide the industry forward.The first of these treaties, and perhaps the most well known of them among industry experts is the Outer Space Treaty of 1967. This basically presents principles for space exploration and operation, stating such terms as no nation can own space, the Moon or any other celestial body. Other terms of the treaty can be accessed here.The second treaty is the Rescue Agreement that outlines the obligations for any party that becomes aware that the personnel of a spacecraft are in danger. This means that if any participant in the space industry becomes aware that the personnel of a spacecraft are in distress, they must notify the launching authority and the Secretary General of the United Nations.The third treaty is the Liability Convention that establishes regulations for any damage in outer space. This was the treaty that was referred to when the Soviet Union was penalised after one of its nuclear-powered satellites crashed in Canada in 1978.UNCOPUOS has also established a fourth treaty named the Registration Convention that empowers the UN Secretary-General to maintain a register of all space objects.Last, but not least, is the Moon Agreement that requires all exploration and use of the Moon and other celestial bodies to be the province of all mankind, carried out for the benefit and in the interest of all countries. This basically means that the Moon should be used for the benefit of all states and all members within the international community.Image source: PixabayIntellectual property laws in outer spaceIt should be noted that several of the space treaties mentioned above were penned at a time when space exploration was still largely government driven. Since the landscape today has opened up considerably to private enterprise, many smaller businesses are concerned about their IP rights. It should be noted that the fundamentals of those treaties stay the same in this day and age.The Outer Space Treaty states that the national laws of the state in which a particular space object is registered in extends to the object. It also states that the country of registry retains jurisdiction and control over the space object and over any personnel thereof unless otherwise agreed among the launching States.This means that if a satellite is launched from Country A, or if a company from Country A purchases a launch, the satellite can be registered to Country A, and Country A’s (IP) laws will apply to the satellite.Image source: UnsplashLegal implementation an uphill taskAlthough seen largely as positive frameworks to regulate space travel, the space treaties in place have at times proven to be more effective in theory than when it comes to their implementation.Take the issue of space junk, for example, where damage caused by debris floating around in outer space is not covered explicitly by the five treaties. Establishing the causality of damage caused by space debris has also proven to be a challenge — it is often difficult to identify particulate debris and trace it back to the owner of the original launched object. This can become quite an issue of contention, seeing that there are [hyperlink to space junk blog] 34,000 debris objects in orbit that are larger than 10cm in size!Another example of where space law tends to remain ambiguous is when it comes to the militarisation of the industry. Although the Outer Space Treaty deems that space should be used exclusively for peaceful purposes, there is no prohibition on setting up military bases, conducting weapons testing, or bringing weapons into outer space. Opponents, however, feel that the construction of military bases in outer space could lead to war in the future and that legalities surrounding the issue should be made clear to maintain peace in outer space.Keep up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s developments via Twitter and subscribe to our newsletter on our website for our latest news.Space Law Decoded was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


20. 04. 21

Moving towards a Decentrali...

In the first of our new series of interviews with space and blockchain industry thought leaders, we sat down with Chief Operating Officer Alessandra Albano to find out more about her role with SpaceChain and where the blockchain industry is heading in the foreseeable future.Could you tell us a bit about your professional background as well as your role with SpaceChain?Alessandra: I come from an operations background that has seen me specialise in designing and developing decentralised ecosystems for large blockchain projects. My areas of expertise also span from all matters of compliance to establishing strategic directions for clients across the blockchain space.At SpaceChain, my main role is to make sure that all processes are in place and run smoothly. It is my responsibility to plan all resource allocation and ensure that their distribution allows for maximum efficiency. I am also the go-to person when it comes to business strategy.On any given day, my role may see me involved in the evaluation of potential business opportunities and collaborations, product launches, commercialisation initiatives, public positioning of the company as well as the sourcing and acquisition of new talent. I also work closely with the R&D, partnership and tech teams to source funding and apply for grants as and when necessary.You recently conducted an inspiring workshop on how blockchain will be the next big disrupter in outer space. How will the integration of blockchain technology shape the evolution of the industry?Alessandra: It is evident that the space industry is becoming more and more of a conduit to allow legacy companies such as those in the defense and military spheres as well as publicly funded organisations to evolve into fully commercial enterprises.Many of these companies are currently going through tough times, feeling the economic impacts of a global pandemic. I strongly believe that innovation is the one factor that can create the bridge for these organisations to get back on track. This is where blockchain technology can play a large role, leveraging space infrastructure to enhance existing terrestrial blockchain networks (for example, by amplifying reach or increasing its resilience).Blockchain technology can also bolster and strengthen existing space infrastructure by enhancing the opportunities for secure data sharing amongst commercial partners. We will see a rapid shift towards blockchain solutions going far beyond cybersecurity and cryptocurrencies in the near future.In your opinion, what are the main challenges that the industry is facing, particularly when it comes to its overall governance?Alessandra: As with any industry that has experienced exponential growth during its (relative) infancy stage, I feel that one factor that the public needs to take into account is the fact that there will always be road bumps along the way. Many blockchain projects may seemingly be running out of steam, but if one were to take a closer look, there is still a lot of growth and innovation taking place behind the scenes. This may not be that obvious to the general public due to the incremental rate of this occurring.This is one of the main reasons behind a lot of stigma and lack of understanding across the industry. There is mind-blowing work being done by tech experts within the blockchain sphere, and the public needs to remain patient and trust that the sense of community and vision for the sector remains strong and unfazed through the development stage.The revolution of decentralised governance, which many are awaiting, will undoubtedly happen, but only after the technology itself becomes more resilient. After this, we will see more widespread and universal adoption by the wider business world.How will SpaceChain’s technology help to mitigate these challenges?Alessandra: Like everyone else in the blockchain community, we are working towards gaining visibility, trust and acceptance from legacy industry players. When it comes to SpaceChain, our main audience is the aerospace industry, which comes with its own set of challenges. We are essentially the only ones in this area (integrating blockchain in space) so the journey is a bit challenging but not one that we are not fully equipped to scale. This has been demonstrated in our success so far, working together with market leaders such as Nanoracks as well as collaborating in cutting edge research projects with companies like Deimos. A huge milestone for us was when we obtained funding and support from the European Space Agency (ESA).One of our main objectives is to prove that blockchain applications within the wider aerospace sector can bring benefits to existing players. We have already had three successful launches, released a groundbreaking industry-first OS that allows for multi-tenancy and earned our stripes as a space company with our custom-developed hardware.The next step will be centered on finding software applications for the industry using blockchain, and I can’t wait to find new ways to bolster and strengthen the entire community through our developments.What excites you most about the future of the blockchain industry?Alessandra: As I said earlier, the industry is still at its infancy stage. We are merely warming up and nowhere near experiencing its full potential.I would like to see examples of decentralised ecosystems running at capacity and economic implementations tested for mainstream adoption. I am extremely thrilled whenever I see tokenised applications starting to develop. An example that comes to mind is the Brave browser and its tokenised rewards system. Even closer to home (although geographical barriers mean little in the industry), we have the ride sharing Tada that rewards drivers and customers with utility tokens.The potential for such applications are limitless, and it will only be a question of time before widespread adoptions from existing businesses materialise. I am also looking forward to a fast track journey towards national digital currencies, which I hope will eventually succeed at mitigating the risks and impact of global recessions just like Satoshi intended when he conceived Bitcoin.What do you enjoy most about your role with SpaceChain?Alessandra: I would have to say that the one thing that makes me love coming to work is my team. They are a bunch of talented and considerate people and I feel extremely fortunate to work with them on a daily basis. Their keen sense of curiosity and reckless ambition are two factors that are so important in the industry we cover and if there is one team that can successfully integrate blockchain technology with the aerospace industry, this is the one.On another note, the work that we are doing is truly cutting-edge. We explore uncharted territories every day with our tech and this brings up a sense of contentment that is hard to describe. I hope that, as a team, we will be able to leave a mark and build something that will truly advance the New Space Economy.Finally, I have always been a bit of an AV Geek, from plane spotting to listening to ATC conversations as a hobby. Having the opportunity to make this my full-time job is a dream come true.You can connect with Alessandra and the rest of our team as well as keep up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s developments via Twitter and subscribe to our newsletter on our website for our latest news.Moving towards a Decentralised Revolution in Outer Space was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


20. 04. 10

SpaceChain March 2020 Month...

ANNOUNCEMENTA message to the community, from the SpaceChain team. These are challenging and uncertain times, but we feel confident that as a company and community, we can get through this together!COMMUNITY ACTIVITIESIn the news this interview with btcn asia, listen to SpaceChain CEO Zee Zheng talk about blockchain being the next generation of financial infrastructure and the potential applications in outer space! Watch the video here.Worth readingAs people around the world are staying at home and practicing “social distancing,” satellites have captured incredible views of what used to be some of the most crowded places on Earth, which have now become desolate in the face of the coronavirus. Read more about it here.TECHNICAL PROGRESSElectrum Software and SPC homepage:Fixed the issues of the wallet not being recovered by the seed.The test version of wallet can now be downloaded by both Windows OS and Mac OS.Corporate user serverOur technical team reevaluated the corporate user payment address generation procedures as well as the payment address management mechanism. We optimised the procedures of transferring service fees such that the corporate user can transfer their service fees to their wallets in an easier way.We have also optimised the mechanism of receiving transaction service fees for corporate users. The transaction service fees can now be automatically transferred to the corporate users’ own wallet, improving the convenience and security of the service fees transfer process.Our tech team has finished the software development for corporate users to transfer the service fees to their own wallets. Our team will keep optimising the fees transfer mechanism and simplifying the transfer steps.Space node software developmentConfigured the new version of Linux kernel for space node software.Solved the compatibility issue in the dependent libraries of space node software. Also, we have finished the tests of updated space node software.We are working on developing the dual operating system (Linux OS and SpaceChain OS). We have finished a test version based on 4.14 Linux kernel 4.14. We will import the test version of the system to the development board for further testing.Optimised the memory allocations for Linux OS and SpaceChain OS in a dual OS configuration. The dual OS is now compatible with boards with various memory sizes.We are drafting the space node software user manual and performing joint tests with our launch partners.We have optimised the slave heartbeat monitoring and on-orbit software upgrade of SPC dual OS. We have improved the communication protocols between the two operating systems, ensuring the physical isolation of the two operating systems, while maintaining the secure communications between the two systems.Check out our monthly report every first week of the month for SpaceChain’s latest news and progress and subscribe to our newsletter!SpaceChain March 2020 Monthly Report was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


20. 04. 03

Space junk: Why it’s everyo...

Estimates by statistical models early last year show that there are over 34,000 debris objects in orbit that are larger than 10cm in size, 900,000 that are between 1cm and 10cm and 128 Million between 1mm and 1cm!Space junk, also called space debris and space garbage, refers to human-made objects in outer space — usually in the Earth orbit — that no longer serve any purpose. These objects typically come from satellites and spent rocket stages as well as the fragments from their disintegration, erosion and collisions. They also include non-functional spacecraft, abandoned launch vehicle stages, mission-related debris and fragmentation debris.With the space industry experiencing exponential growth over the course of the last few decades (coming from the increased number of launches), the amount of junk floating in outer space is enough to draw valid concern from analysts. This figure is touted to total around 8,000 tonnes, made up of thousands of defunct satellites as well as hundreds of thousands of smaller objects that are currently impossible to assess in definite terms due to their minute size.The main concern with an increasing amount of junk floating around in outer space are in the imminent collisions that may occur with existing satellites, causing catastrophic damage. The potential harm that may arise is exacerbated by the fact that these pieces of debris travel at breakneck speeds of over 17,000 mph, which is approximately 10 times the speed of a bullet. To confound matters further, one single crash could create even more debris, causing a much greater chance of more collisions in the future.Image Credit: NASAThe issue of responsibilityThere have been several incidents across the span of the last few decades that have raised eyebrows within the space community, posing questions on the legal responsibilities that nations have when it comes to the creation of space junk. One example of this was China’s 2007 anti-satellite test (ASAT), where it blew up one of its own weather satellites. Aside from causing considerable global military tension, the space industry was also concerned that the mission left behind more than 2,000 new debris elements of trackable size in low-earth orbit.Regulations surrounding the dumping of junk are far hazier in outer space than they are on Earth, with space debris mitigation not being explicitly addressed in the five United Nations (UN) treaties that deal with outer space and related activities across the sphere.That being said, a practical interpretation of the Outer Space Treaty shows that it is the duty of all nations involved in space exploration to do their part to mitigate debris, since it can hinder their right to freely explore and use outer space. The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space also encourages all space participants to refer to its Debris Mitigation Guidelines that provides valuable strategies for the reduction of debris release during normal operations.Image Credit: PixabayJoint tracking efforts between government bodies and private enterpriseEfforts to track space junk have been made on both the government agency as well as private enterprise front.According to their website, NASA’s Orbital Debris Program Office (ODPO) conducts measurements of the orbital environment and implements mitigation measures to protect the users within it. The programme is aimed at creating an improved understanding of the orbital debris environment and measures that can be taken to control debris growth.On the commercial front, companies such as LeoLabs are monitoring up to 250,000 dangerous objects smaller than 10 centimeters (4 inches) wide that orbit Earth. This data will be key in assisting satellite operators and government agencies to avoid catastrophic collisions during their endeavours in outer space.Image Credit: PixabayTechnological advancements to reduce orbital debrisThe space industry has responded appropriately to growing concerns of increased debris floating in outer space, coming out with solutions that promise to solve the issue.The European Space Agency (ESA), commissioned the world’s first space debris removal program in late 2019. The initiative named ClearSpace-1 will help establish a new market for in-orbit servicing, as well as debris removal by launching the world’s first orbiting junk collector, a four-armed robot that tracks down space waste like Pac-Man in a maze, by 2025.A harpoon developed by Airbus Defence and Space in Stevenage, England, has also proven to clean-up orbital traffic lanes, collecting dead satellites and rockets and driving them back into Earth’s atmosphere to burn up.There has also been a myriad of proposed solutions made by private companies to solve space debris issues that could be rolled out over the span of the next several years. One such enterprise has a plan to work with governments and businesses to build a retrieval mechanism within a spacecraft before a launch. If the satellite fails prematurely, an Astroscale spacecraft would launch to intercept the defunct satellite and dispose of it.The issue of space junk is one that SpaceChain is constantly aware of. We strongly advocate for standard practices in dealing with deorbiting satellites and embrace any further advancement in technologies to deal with this problem.As always, you can keep up-to-date with all of SpaceChain’s exciting developments via Twitter. You can also subscribe to our newsletter via our website for our latest news.Space junk: Why it’s everyone’s problem was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


20. 03. 18

SpaceChain February 2020 Mo...

ANNOUNCEMENTSpaceChain has suspended working with CPDAX, and the last day of trading for SPC was on 19 Feb 2020, 3pm (GMT+9). Members are advised to withdraw their SPC to their personal wallet or transfer to another exchange ASAP.COMMUNITY ACTIVITIESIn the newsSpaceChain CEO Zee Zheng was featured in the digital edition of Geospatial World magazine (page 80). Read to know about the latest geospatial technology, application, research and business trends!In addition, Zee also appeared in the Business Times (page 17) under the section Views From the Top, where CEOs and business leaders contribute their views to weekly industry hot topics. The week’s topic is the Singapore Budget 2020.Networking and business developmentSpaceChain CCO Nick Trudgen visited a myriad of places in February for networking activities, such as OneWeb global headquarters, located in London. OneWeb recently sent 34 satellites into orbit on a Soyuz rocket from Baikonur in Kazakhstan, fuelled by 18 million pounds of funding from the UK Space Agency via ESA, to build a mega-constellation to provide global satellite internet.Nick was at Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL) in Guildford to talk about the ESA Lunar Pathfinder mission, which will provide telecommunications services for the Moon, with Goonhilly Earth Station Ltd in Cornwall supporting the telemetry, tracking, and control (TT&C) satellite subsystem.He attended the Industry Day on the Copernicus Space Components Ground Segment Operations Services Competitions. Located in Frascati, Italy, it is dedicated to research involving earth observation data taken from satellites, among other specialised activities. The establishment currently hosts the European Space Agency’s development team for the Vega launcher.Interesting readsAccuracy and Authenticity in Earth Observation DataWe live in a world today where the gathering and analysis of volumes of data are integral to our future survival, with Earth Observation Data (EOD) becoming one of the most invaluable tools for providing an understanding of and evaluating the systems we have in place. This article takes a look at how EOD is instrumental in shaping today’s world, particularly when it comes to the information collated by satellites.The Future of Satellite ConstellationsDid you know that there are 128 million debris objects in orbit that are between 1mm and 1cm in size? And that’s not even including the number of larger sized space junk. Find out more in our blog on space junk and why you should care.TECHNICAL PROGRESSSolved two issues of SPC server:1. Added measures to handle the cases that OTP validation fails in our SPC server.2. Added a verification mechanism during the corporate user registration process.Electrum client and corporate user registration webpage:1. Optimised the UI of Electrum software and added the SpaceChian multisignature logo to the Electrum software.2. Received the first version of the corporate user registration web page from NEU.Conducted multisignature transaction tests:We have performed the tests of the overall transaction processes including corporate user registration, corporate user server initialization, multi-signature transaction. We are currently working on solving the problems during these processes.Client server:1. Modified the design of the corporate user webpage.2. Improved the process of compressing/decompressing the transaction files.3. Completed the test to handle the cases of inputting the wrong OTP.4. Tested the new functions of the corporate user server.Space node software upgrades:We are working on upgrading the SpaceNode software to make it more compatible with Linux OS. We have modified two things:Using a new toolchain.Modifying the parameters in the Makefile.More software developments:1. Solved the incompatibility issue between the network interface controller and SD card in a dual-OS environment.2. Working on the incompatibility issue of drivers in a dual-OS environment.3. Upgrading dependent libraries of SpaceNode software to fit with the new version of the kernel.4. Fixed a bug regarding the update of the OTP secret.Check out our monthly report for SpaceChain’s latest news and progress and subscribe to our newsletter!SpaceChain February 2020 Monthly Report was originally published in SpaceChain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


20. 03. 03

Transaction History
Transaction History Address
Bittrex Short cut
HitBTC Short cut
EXX Short cut
Security verification

There is security verification of the project
Why security verification is necessary?

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* Written questions can not be edited.

* The questions will be answered directly by the token team.

Platform QRC
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